Selections From The Observator

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Restoration

Restoration Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141926740
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Restoration by , Summary

The late seventeenth century was a period of extraordinary turbulence and political violence in Britain, the like of which has never been seen since. Beginning with the Restoration of the monarchy after the Civil War, this book traces the fate of the monarchy from Charles II's triumphant accession in 1660 to the growing discontent of the 1680s. Harris looks beyond the popular image of Restoration England revelling in its freedom from the austerity of Puritan rule under a merry monarch and reconstructs the human tragedy of Restoration politics where people were brutalised, hounded and exploited by a regime that was desperately insecure after two decade of civil war and republican rule.

Treason and Rebellion in the British Atlantic, 1685-1800

Treason and Rebellion in the British Atlantic, 1685-1800 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Rushton,Gwenda Morgan
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350005304
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Treason and Rebellion in the British Atlantic, 1685-1800 by Peter Rushton,Gwenda Morgan Summary

This book examines internal political conflicts in the British Empire within the legal framework of treason and sedition. The threat of treason and rebellion pervaded the British Atlantic in the 17th and 18th centuries; Britain's control of its territories was continually threatened by rebellion and war, both at home and in North America. Even after American independence, Britain and its former colony continued to be fearful that opposition and revolution might follow the French example, and both took legal measures to control both speech and political action. This study places these conflicts within a political and legal framework of the laws of treason and sedition as they developed in the British Atlantic. The treason laws originated in the reign of Edward III, and were adapted and modified in the 16th and 17th centuries. They were exported to the colonies, where they underwent both adaptation and elaboration in application in the slave societies as well as those dominated by free settlers. Relationships with natives and European rivals in the Americas affected the definitions of treason in practice, and the divided loyalties of the American revolutionary war added further problems of defining loyalty and treachery. Treason and Rebellion in the British Atlantic, 1685-1800 offers a new study of treason and sedition in the period by placing them in a truly transatlantic perspective, making it a valuable study for those interested in the legal and political of Britain's empire and 18th-century revolutions.

The Politics of the Excluded, C. 1500-1850

The Politics of the Excluded, C. 1500-1850 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tim Harris
Editor: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1403940304
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The Politics of the Excluded, C. 1500-1850 by Tim Harris Summary

This collection of essays seeks to shed light on the politics of those people who are normally thought of as being excluded from the political nation in early modern England. If by political nation we mean those who sat in parliament, the governors of counties and towns, and the enfranchised classes in the constituencies, then the 'excluded' would be those who were neither actively involved in the process of governing nor had any say in choosing those who would rule over them - the bulk of the population at this time. Yet this volume shows that these people were not, in fact, excluded from politics. Not only did the masses possess political opinions which they were capable of articulating in a public forum, but they were alos often active participants in the political process themselves and taken seriously in that capacity by the governmental elite. The various essays deal with topics as wide-ranging as riots, rumours, libels, seditious words, public opinion, the structures of local government, and the gendered dimensions of popular political participation, and cover the period from the eve of the Reformation to the Industrial Revolution. They challenge many existing assumptions concerning the nature and significance of public opinion and politics out-of-doors in the early modern period and show us that the people mattered in politics, and thus why we, as historians, cannot afford to ignore them. Politics was more participatory, in this undemocratic age, than one might have thought. The contributors to this volume show that there was a lively and engaged public sphere throughout this period, from Tudor times to the Georgian era.

Plant Here The Standard

Plant Here The Standard Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dennis Griffiths
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1349124613
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Plant Here The Standard by Dennis Griffiths Summary

Plant Here the Standard tells the story of the world's oldest evening newspaper, the (London) Evening Standard. Commencing in the time of Oliver Cromwell, it traces the history of the Baldwin Family, fearless Protestant publishers, whose successors launched The Standard in 1827. Later owners of the paper were to include: C.Arthur Pearson, founder of the Daily Express; Lord Beaverbrook; and, now, Lord Rothermere. And throughout there are tales of the paper's scoops, its famous journalists and cartoonists, and its political involvements.

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pat Rogers
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134546513
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Daniel Defoe by Pat Rogers Summary

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Anthony Ashley Cooper, First Earl of Shaftesbury 1621–1683

Anthony Ashley Cooper, First Earl of Shaftesbury 1621–1683 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Spurr
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317180526
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Anthony Ashley Cooper, First Earl of Shaftesbury 1621–1683 by John Spurr Summary

Anthony Ashley Cooper, First Earl of Shaftesbury, was a giant on the English political scene of the later seventeenth century. Despite taking up arms against the king in the Civil War, and his active participation in the republican governments of the 1650s, Shaftesbury managed to retain a leading role in public affairs following the Restoration of Charles II, being raised to the peerage and holding several major offices. Following his dismissal from government in 1673 he then became de facto leader of the opposition faction and champion of the Protestant cause, before finally fleeing the country in 1681 following charges of high treason. In order to understand fully such a complex and controversial figure, this volume draws upon the specialised knowledge of nine leading scholars to investigate Shaftesbury's life and reputation. As well as re-evaluating the well-known episodes in which he was involved - his early republican sympathies, the Cabal, the Popish Plot and the politics of party faction - other less familiar themes are also explored. These include his involvement with the expansion of England's overseas colonies, his relationship with John Locke, his connections with Scotland and Ireland and his high profile public reputation. Each chapter has been especially commissioned to give an insight into a different facet of his career, whilst simultaneously adding to an overall evaluation of the man, his actions and beliefs. As such, this book presents a unique and coherent picture of Shaftesbury that draws upon the very latest interdisciplinary research, and will no doubt stimulate further work on the most intriguing politician of his generation.

Early Responses to Hume's Life and Reputation

Early Responses to Hume's Life and Reputation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Fieser
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 082644654X
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Early Responses to Hume's Life and Reputation by James Fieser Summary

During the latter half of his life, David Hume (1711-1776) achieved international celebrity status as a great philosopher and historian. The sceptical and anti-religious bent of his works generated hundreds of critical responses, many of which were scholarly commentaries. Other writers, though, focused less on Hume's specific publications and more on his reputation as a famous public figure. Wittingly or unwittingly, Hume was involved in many controversies: the attempts to excommunicate him from the Church of Scotland; his paradoxically close association with several Scottish clergymen; his quarrel with Jean Jacques Rousseau; his approach to his own death. Hume's enemies attacked his public character while his allies defended it. Friends and foes alike recorded anecdotes about him which appeared after his death in scattered periodicals and books. Hume's biographers have drawn liberally on this material, but in most cases the original sources are only summarized or briefly quoted. This set presents dozens of these biographically-related discussions of Hume in their most complete form, reset, annotated and introduced by James Fieser. The editor also provides the most detailed bibliographies yet compiled of Hume's writings and the early responses to them. These two volumes form the final part of the major "Early Responses to Hume" series, and they conclude with an index to the complete ten-volume collection. Like earlier sets in the series, these books should be welcomed by historians and Hume scholars all over the world, and research libraries should see them as important additions to holdings on the Scottish Enlightenment.

The Road to Wigan Pier

The Road to Wigan Pier Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1529038251
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The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell Summary

The Road to Wigan Pier is a book in two parts: the first half is Orwell’s description of working-class life in industrial communities of the north of England, the second examines his own political views. Part of the Macmillan Collector’s Library; a series of stunning, clothbound, pocket-sized classics with gold foiled edges and ribbon markers. These beautiful books make perfect gifts or a treat for any book lover. This edition is introduced by journalist and author Amelia Gentleman. The Road to Wigan Pier is an insightful and powerful account of lives lived in poverty and deprivation in a time of low wages and meagre government support. Orwell describes dismal housing (including the lodging house where he stays), harsh working conditions and the devastating effects of unemployment. And he also vividly describes the courage and dignity of the people he meets. In the second half of the book, Orwell examines his own political and social affiliations with an impressive ability to provoke and to question. He defends middle-class values whilst critiquing the failures of his own class, he advocates socialism whilst criticizing the socialist movement in England.

The Overstory

The Overstory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard Powers
Editor: Vintage Canada
ISBN: 103900069X
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The Overstory by Richard Powers Summary

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in Fiction Winner of the William Dean Howells Medal Winner of France's Grand Prix de Littérature Américaine Finalist for the Man Booker Prize Finalist for the PEN/Jean Stein Book Award Finalist for the PEN/Faulkner Award "Monumental. . . . A gigantic fable of genuine truths." --Barbara Kingsolver, The New York Times Book Review The Overstory is a sweeping, impassioned work of activism and resistance that is also a stunning evocation of--and paean to--the natural world. From the roots to the crown and back to the seeds, Richard Powers's twelfth novel unfolds in concentric rings of interlocking fables that range from antebellum New York to the late twentieth-century Timber Wars of the Pacific Northwest and beyond. There is a world alongside ours--fast, slow, interconnected, resourceful, magnificently inventive, and almost invisible to us. This is the story of a handful of people who learn how to see that world and who are drawn up into its unfolding catastrophe.

Modernizing IBM i Applications from the Database up to the User Interface and Everything in Between

Modernizing IBM i Applications from the Database up to the User Interface and Everything in Between Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nadir K. Amra,Hernando Bedoya,Tony Cairns,Dan Cruikshank,Rich Diedrich,John Eberhard,Mark Evans,Antonio Florez,Susan Gantner,Jesse Gorzinski,Isaac Ramírez Herrera,Brian May,Michel Mouchon,Jon Paris,Mike Pavlak,Trevor Perry,Pascal Polverini,Jim Ritchhart,Tim Rowe,Jon Rush,Paul Tuohy,Jeroen Van Lommel,Carol Woodbury,IBM Redbooks
Editor: IBM Redbooks
ISBN: 073843986X
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Modernizing IBM i Applications from the Database up to the User Interface and Everything in Between by Nadir K. Amra,Hernando Bedoya,Tony Cairns,Dan Cruikshank,Rich Diedrich,John Eberhard,Mark Evans,Antonio Florez,Susan Gantner,Jesse Gorzinski,Isaac Ramírez Herrera,Brian May,Michel Mouchon,Jon Paris,Mike Pavlak,Trevor Perry,Pascal Polverini,Jim Ritchhart,Tim Rowe,Jon Rush,Paul Tuohy,Jeroen Van Lommel,Carol Woodbury,IBM Redbooks Summary

This IBM® Redbooks® publication is focused on melding industry preferred practices with the unique needs of the IBM i community and providing a holistic view of modernization. This book covers key trends for application structure, user interface, data access, and the database. Modernization is a broad term when applied to applications. It is more than a single event. It is a sequence of actions. But even more, it is a process of rethinking how to approach the creation and maintenance of applications. There are tangible deliveries when it comes to modernization, the most notable being a modern user interface (UI), such as a web browser or being able to access applications from a mobile device. The UI, however, is only the beginning. There are many more aspects to modernization. Using modern tools and methodologies can significantly improve productivity and reduce long-term cost while positioning applications for the next decade. It is time to put the past away. Tools and methodologies have undergone significant transformation, improving functionality, usability, and productivity. This is true of the plethora of IBM tools and the wealth of tools available from many Independent Solution Providers (ISVs). This publication is the result of work that was done by IBM, industry experts, and by representatives from many of the ISV Tool Providers. Some of their tools are referenced in the book. In addition to reviewing technologies based on context, there is an explanation of why modernization is important and a description of the business benefits of investing in modernization. This critical information is key for line-of-business executives who want to understand the benefits of a modernization project. This book is appropriate for CIOs, architects, developers, and business leaders. Related information Making the Case for Modernization, IBM Systems Magazine

Seneca's Morals of a Happy Life, Benefits, Anger and Clemency

Seneca's Morals of a Happy Life, Benefits, Anger and Clemency Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Editor: Good Press
ISBN:
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Seneca's Morals of a Happy Life, Benefits, Anger and Clemency by Lucius Annaeus Seneca Summary

"Seneca's Morals of a Happy Life, Benefits, Anger and Clemency" by Lucius Annaeus Seneca (translated by Sir Roger L'Estrange). Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Program Earth

Program Earth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jennifer Gabrys
Editor: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452950172
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Program Earth by Jennifer Gabrys Summary

Sensors are everywhere. Small, flexible, economical, and computationally powerful, they operate ubiquitously in environments. They compile massive amounts of data, including information about air, water, and climate. Never before has such a volume of environmental data been so broadly collected or so widely available. Grappling with the consequences of wiring our world, Program Earth examines how sensor technologies are programming our environments. As Jennifer Gabrys points out, sensors do not merely record information about an environment. Rather, they generate new environments and environmental relations. At the same time, they give a voice to the entities they monitor: to animals, plants, people, and inanimate objects. This book looks at the ways in which sensors converge with environments to map ecological processes, to track the migration of animals, to check pollutants, to facilitate citizen participation, and to program infrastructure. Through discussing particular instances where sensors are deployed for environmental study and citizen engagement across three areas of environmental sensing, from wild sensing to pollution sensing and urban sensing, Program Earth asks how sensor technologies specifically contribute to new environmental conditions. What are the implications for wiring up environments? How do sensor applications not only program environments, but also program the sorts of citizens and collectives we might become? Program Earth suggests that the sensor-based monitoring of Earth offers the prospect of making new environments not simply as an extension of the human but rather as new “technogeographies” that connect technology, nature, and people.

Homelessness In America

Homelessness In America Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jim Baumohl
Editor: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313371776
FileSize: 410kb
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Homelessness In America by Jim Baumohl Summary

The number of homeless people in America has continued to grow at an alarming rate since the 1970s. Yet many members of the general public still have far more questions than answers about the magnitude and implications of this complex social problem and the reasons for its persistence. Now the answers can be found in Homelessness in America, the most current, comprehensive, and authoritative volume available on this subject. Focusing on the broad social issue of homelessness, the book's 19 essays offer in-depth examinations of policy-related issues by noted social workers, researchers, advocates, and other experts in the field. Chapter topics include the causes and prevention of homelessness, national and local advocacy movements, the local regulation of public space, and current policies on employment, income maintenance, and housing. Up-to-date statistics and tables are included along with an extensive bibliography and an appendix listing national or state advocacy organizations.

Power and Literature

Power and Literature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Florin Oprescu
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110605376
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Power and Literature by Florin Oprescu Summary

At the core of this book lies the relation between Power (as socio-political phenomenon) and the novel (as literary discourse). It shows that, in a society facing the excess of power in its various forms, novelistic fiction mediates knowledge about societal Power structures and uses specific strategies to subvert and denounce them. The first part of the study is theoretical: it presents some of the most prominent theories of Power, from Plato, Machiavelli, Nietzsche to Weber, Dahl, Lukes, Parsons, Bourdieu or Foucault. After offering a critical approach to the concepts of Power defined in the social, political and philosophical fields, it articulates the relations of Power imprinted in literary discourse within a typology of four categories. In the second part of the book, this taxonomy of Power is applied to four key novels in the context of Romanian "literary crossroads", showing how novelistic fiction not only assume a critical and subversive position against the excess of Power, but also unveils our fragility when experiencing History.