Sentencing Guidelines by Julian V. Roberts

Sentencing Guidelines
  • Title : Sentencing Guidelines
  • Author : Julian V. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019968457X
  • Pages : 292
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book will appeal to anyone with an interest or stake in sentencing. The collection of essays explores a range of issues relating to the English sentencing guidelines. The contributors include practicing lawyers, legal and sociological academics, and also scholars from several other countries including New Zealand and the United States. The volume begins with a clear and concise history of the guidelines as well as a description of how they function. Thechapters explore a range of issues including the effect of guidelines on judicial practice, the role of public opinion in developing sentencing guidelines, the role of the crime victim in sentencingguidelines and the use of guidelines by practicing barristers.


Sentencing and Punishment by Susan Easton,Christine Piper

Sentencing and Punishment
  • Title : Sentencing and Punishment
  • Author : Susan Easton,Christine Piper
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019874482X
  • Pages : 512
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examining the theoretical debates behind the headlines and engaging with current debates, Sentencing and Punishment provides thoughtful, impartial, and unbiased coverage of sentencing and punishment in the UK. Collectively, Susan Easton and Christine Piper are highly experienced teachers andresearchers in this field, making them perfectly placed to deliver this lively account of a highly dynamic subject area.The book takes a thorough and systematic approach to sentencing and punishment, examining key topics from legal, philosophical, and practical perspectives. Offering in-depth and detailed coverage, while remaining succinct and readable, the authors deliver a balanced approach to the subject. Chaptersummaries, discussion questions, and case studies help students to engage with the subject, apply their knowledge, and reflect upon debates.Fully reworked, restructured, and updated for this edition, and incorporating changes following the 2015 general election; this is the essential guide for anyone studying sentencing and punishment as part of a law or criminology course.The book is accompanied by an Online Resource Centre featuring:* Regular updates on case law, new legislation and key developments* Web links to further reading suggestions for each chapter of the book* Guidance on answering end of chapter questions* An online version of the textbook glossary


The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology by Deirdre Healy,Claire Hamilton,Yvonne Daly,Michelle Butler

The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology
  • Title : The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology
  • Author : Deirdre Healy,Claire Hamilton,Yvonne Daly,Michelle Butler
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317698169
  • Pages : 606
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology is the first edited collection of its kind to bring together the work of leading Irish criminologists in a single volume. While Irish criminology can be characterised as a nascent but dynamic discipline, it has much to offer the Irish and international reader due to the unique historical, cultural, political, social and economic arrangements that exist on the island of Ireland. The Handbook consists of 30 chapters, which offer original, comprehensive and critical reviews of theory, research, policy and practice in a wide range of subject areas. The chapters are divided into four thematic sections: Understanding crime examines specific offence types, including homicide, gangland crime and white-collar crime, and the theoretical perspectives used to explain them. Responding to crime explores criminal justice responses to crime, including crime prevention, restorative justice, approaches to policing and trial as well as post-conviction issues such as imprisonment, community sanctions and rehabilitation. Contexts of crime investigates the social, political and cultural contexts of the policymaking process, including media representations, politics, the role of the victim and the impact of gender. Emerging ideas focuses on innovative ideas that prompt a reconsideration of received wisdom on particular topics, including sexual violence and ethnicity. Charting the key contours of the criminological enterprise on the island of Ireland and placing the Irish material in the context of the wider European and international literature, this book is essential reading for those involved in the study of Irish criminology and international and comparative criminal justice.


Paying for the Past by Richard S. Frase,Julian V. Roberts

Paying for the Past
  • Title : Paying for the Past
  • Author : Richard S. Frase,Julian V. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190254009
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

All modern sentencing systems, in the US and beyond, consider the offender's prior record to be an important determinant of the form and severity of punishment for subsequent offences. Repeat offenders receive harsher punishments than first offenders, and offenders with longer criminal records are punished more severely than those with shorter records. Yet the vast literature on sentencing policy, law, and practice has generally overlooked the issue of prior convictions, even though this is the most important sentencing factor after the seriousness of the crime. In Paying for the Past, Richard S. Frase and Julian V. Roberts provide a critical and systematic examination of current prior record enhancements under sentencing guidelines across the US. Drawing on empirical data and analyses of guidelines from a number of jurisdictions, they illustrate different approaches to prior record enhancements and the differing outcomes of those approaches. Roberts and Frase demonstrate that most prior record enhancements generate a range of adverse outcomes at sentencing. Further, the pervasive justifications for prior record enhancement, such as the repeat offender's assumed higher risk of reoffending or greater culpability, are uncertain and have rarely been subjected to critical appraisal. The punitive sentencing premiums for repeat offenders prescribed by US guidelines cannot be justified on grounds of prevention or retribution. Shining a light on a neglected but critically important topic, Paying for the Past examines the costs of prior record enhancements for repeat offenders and offers model guidelines to help reduce racial disparities and reallocate criminal justice resources for jurisdictions who use sentence enhancements.


Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales by J. Roberts

Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales
  • Title : Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales
  • Author : J. Roberts
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137390409
  • Pages : 268
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume explores the theory and practice of sentencing in England and Wales, exploring issues such as the role of previous convictions, offender remorse and sentencing female offenders, as well as drawing upon a new and unique source of data from the Crown courts.


Sentencing and Criminal Justice by Andrew Ashworth

Sentencing and Criminal Justice
  • Title : Sentencing and Criminal Justice
  • Author : Andrew Ashworth
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1139486748
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Andrew Ashworth expertly examines the key issues in English sentencing policy and practice including the mechanisms for producing sentencing guidelines. He considers the most high-profile stages in the criminal justice process such as the Court of Appeal's approach to the custody threshold, the framework for the sentencing of young offenders and the abiding problems of previous convictions in sentencing. Taking into account the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 and the Coroners and Justice Act 2009, the book's inter-disciplinary approach places the legislation and guidelines on sentencing in the context of criminological research, statistical trends and theories of punishment. By examining the law in relation to elements of the wider criminal justice system, including the prison and probation services, students gain a rounded perspective on the relevant principles and problems of sentencing and criminal justice.


The Growth of Incarceration in the United States by Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration,Committee on Law and Justice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States
  • Title : The Growth of Incarceration in the United States
  • Author : Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration,Committee on Law and Justice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309298018
  • Pages : 800
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States has increased fivefold during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. Prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. The growth of incarceration in the United States during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for U.S. society. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. This study makes the case that the United States has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines policy changes that created an increasingly punitive political climate and offers specific policy advice in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy. The report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. This report is a call for change in the way society views criminals, punishment, and prison. This landmark study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.


Proportionate Sentencing by Andrew Von Hirsch,Andrew Ashworth

Proportionate Sentencing
  • Title : Proportionate Sentencing
  • Author : Andrew Von Hirsch,Andrew Ashworth
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 9780199272600
  • Pages : 238
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The principle that a sentence should be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence remains at the centre of penal practice and scholarly debate. This volume explores highly topical aspects of proportionality theory that require examination and further analysis. von Hirsch and Ashworth explore the relevance of the principle of proportionality to the sentencing of young offenders, the possible reasons for departing from the principle when sentencing dangerous offenders, and the application of the principle to socially deprived offenders. They examine the claim that the principle tends to be associated with greater severity in sentencing, and explore the relevance of penance and of restorative justice to proportionality theory. Their examination of arguments and counter-arguments culminates in a re-statement of the main criteria for proportionate sentencing. The authors are well known for their previous writings on proportionality theory, and this volume broadens thetheory to deal with important contemporary issues in crime and punishment.


Sociological Abstracts by N.A

Sociological Abstracts
  • Title : Sociological Abstracts
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.


Essential Questions by Jay McTighe,Grant Wiggins

Essential Questions
  • Title : Essential Questions
  • Author : Jay McTighe,Grant Wiggins
  • Publisher : ASCD
  • ISBN Code : 1416615709
  • Pages : 119
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What are "essential questions," and how do they differ from other kinds of questions? What's so great about them? Why should you design and use essential questions in your classroom? Essential questions (EQs) help target standards as you organize curriculum content into coherent units that yield focused and thoughtful learning. In the classroom, EQs are used to stimulate students' discussions and promote a deeper understanding of the content. Whether you are an Understanding by Design (UbD) devotee or are searching for ways to address standards—local or Common Core State Standards—in an engaging way, Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins provide practical guidance on how to design, initiate, and embed inquiry-based teaching and learning in your classroom. Offering dozens of examples, the authors explore the usefulness of EQs in all K-12 content areas, including skill-based areas such as math, PE, language instruction, and arts education. As an important element of their backward design approach to designing curriculum, instruction, and assessment, the authors *Give a comprehensive explanation of why EQs are so important; *Explore seven defining characteristics of EQs; *Distinguish between topical and overarching questions and their uses; *Outline the rationale for using EQs as the focal point in creating units of study; and *Show how to create effective EQs, working from sources including standards, desired understandings, and student misconceptions. Using essential questions can be challenging—for both teachers and students—and this book provides guidance through practical and proven processes, as well as suggested "response strategies" to encourage student engagement. Finally, you will learn how to create a culture of inquiry so that all members of the educational community—students, teachers, and administrators—benefit from the increased rigor and deepened understanding that emerge when essential questions become a guiding force for learners of all ages.


Resolved, that the Federal Government Should Substantially Change Rules And/or Statutes Governing Criminal Procedure in Federal Courts in One Or More of the Following Areas by George Walser

Resolved, that the Federal Government Should Substantially Change Rules And/or Statutes Governing Criminal Procedure in Federal Courts in One Or More of the Following Areas
  • Title : Resolved, that the Federal Government Should Substantially Change Rules And/or Statutes Governing Criminal Procedure in Federal Courts in One Or More of the Following Areas
  • Author : George Walser
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 193
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Exploring Language Arts in the Elementary Classroom by John W. Stewig,Beverly Nordberg

Exploring Language Arts in the Elementary Classroom
  • Title : Exploring Language Arts in the Elementary Classroom
  • Author : John W. Stewig,Beverly Nordberg
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 544
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This text provides information on all the facets of language arts (listening, speaking, writing, and reading) and the connections among these areas, while using childrens literature to facilitate learning. Featuring many activities and teaching suggestions, this text is a practical resource with solid research and theory.


Special Needs in the Classroom by Mel Ainscow,Unesco

Special Needs in the Classroom
  • Title : Special Needs in the Classroom
  • Author : Mel Ainscow,Unesco
  • Publisher : Unesco
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 225
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A source of ideas for teacher educators who wish to improve teachers' skills in dealing with pupil diversity in mainstream schools. Particular emphasis is given to teacher development, both pre-service and in-service. In addition, the book provides practical guidelines based on the UNESCO Teacher Education Resource Pack.


Curriculum Development and Review for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education by Tibbitts, Felisa,Council of Europe

Curriculum Development and Review for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education
  • Title : Curriculum Development and Review for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education
  • Author : Tibbitts, Felisa,Council of Europe
  • Publisher : Council of Europe
  • ISBN Code : 9287183007
  • Pages : 101
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Education for democratic citizenship and human rights education are vital for peaceful, sustainable and inclusive societies based on respect for the human rights of every person. Effective teaching and learning processes require well-trained teachers, positive learning environments and high-quality learning materials. This is underpinned by education policy, including curriculum development and review, which is the main focus of this book. The strengthening of education policies in the fields of education for democratic citizenship and human rights lies at the very heart of the efforts of the Council of Europe, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and the Organization of American States. These organisations have jointly produced this publication in order to support states’ commitment to fostering citizenship and human rights education and improving access to quality education for all.


Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children

Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children
  • Title : Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 030906418X
  • Pages : 448
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

While most children learn to read fairly well, there remain many young Americans whose futures are imperiled because they do not read well enough to meet the demands of our competitive, technology-driven society. This book explores the problem within the context of social, historical, cultural, and biological factors. Recommendations address the identification of groups of children at risk, effective instruction for the preschool and early grades, effective approaches to dialects and bilingualism, the importance of these findings for the professional development of teachers, and gaps that remain in our understanding of how children learn to read. Implications for parents, teachers, schools, communities, the media, and government at all levels are discussed. The book examines the epidemiology of reading problems and introduces the concepts used by experts in the field. In a clear and readable narrative, word identification, comprehension, and other processes in normal reading development are discussed. Against the background of normal progress, Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children examines factors that put children at risk of poor reading. It explores in detail how literacy can be fostered from birth through kindergarten and the primary grades, including evaluation of philosophies, systems, and materials commonly used to teach reading.


Dissertation Abstracts International by N.A

Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Title : Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition by American Psychiatric Association

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition
  • Title : The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition
  • Author : American Psychiatric Association
  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • ISBN Code : 0890424659
  • Pages : 170
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an initial psychiatric evaluation: review of psychiatric symptoms, trauma history, and treatment history; substance use assessment; assessment of suicide risk; assessment for risk of aggressive behaviors; assessment of cultural factors; assessment of medical health; quantitative assessment; involvement of the patient in treatment decision making; and documentation of the psychiatric evaluation. Each guideline recommends or suggests topics to include during an initial psychiatric evaluation. Findings from an expert opinion survey have also been taken into consideration in making recommendations or suggestions. In addition to reviewing the available evidence on psychiatry evaluation, each guideline also provides guidance to clinicians on implementing these recommendations to enhance patient care.


Research on Sentencing by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Research on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice,Panel on Sentencing Research

Research on Sentencing
  • Title : Research on Sentencing
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Research on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice,Panel on Sentencing Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309033470
  • Pages : 315
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
  • Title : Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309132978
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.


How People Learn by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

How People Learn
  • Title : How People Learn
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309131979
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.


Criminal Justice by Julian V. Roberts

Criminal Justice
  • Title : Criminal Justice
  • Author : Julian V. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0198716494
  • Pages : 137
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The criminal justice system is wide ranging: it covers crimes, policing, the sentencing of offenders, and prisons. This title draws upon the latest research and current practices from around the world. Focusing on the adversarial model of justice found in common law countries such as the US, UK, Canada, and Australia, it discusses topics such as the uses of imprisonment, the effects of capital punishment, and the purposes of sentencing. Considering the role of the victim, as well as public knowledge and attitudes towards criminal justice, it assesses the way in which the system functions.


Punishing Persistent Offenders by Julian V. Roberts

Punishing Persistent Offenders
  • Title : Punishing Persistent Offenders
  • Author : Julian V. Roberts
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 273
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

For many repeat offenders, previous convictions have more impact on their penalty than the seriousness of their current crime. Why do we punish reoffense more harshly? Should offenders be punished only for crimes they commit and not for crimes committed and paid for in the past? How does this practice affect the views of offenders and the public?


Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law by Andrew Ashworth,Lucia Zedner,Patrick Tomlin

Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law
  • Title : Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law
  • Author : Andrew Ashworth,Lucia Zedner,Patrick Tomlin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191630756
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Exploring the principles and values that should guide and limit the state's use of preventive techniques that involve coercion against the individual, this volume arises from a three-year study of Preventive Justice. The contributions examine whether and when preventive measures are justified, whether within or outwith the criminal law, and whether they signal a larger change in the architecture of security. Preventive measures include controversial crime control approaches such as pre-inchoate offences, pre-trial detention, restraining orders, and prevention detention of the dangerous. There are good reasons to justify state use of coercion to protect the public from harm, but while the rationales and justifications for state punishment have been extensively explored, the scope, limits, and principles of preventive justice have not received the same attention. This volume, written by world renowned scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds and jurisdictions, redresses the balance, assessing the foundations for the range of coercive measures that states now take in the name of prevention and public protection.


EPIE Materials Report by N.A

EPIE Materials Report
  • Title : EPIE Materials Report
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


A New roadmap for the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and its World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO

A New roadmap for the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and its World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Title : A New roadmap for the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and its World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Author : UNESCO
  • Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9231002066
  • Pages : 56
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Long-Term Forensic Psychiatric Care by Birgit Völlm,Peter Braun

Long-Term Forensic Psychiatric Care
  • Title : Long-Term Forensic Psychiatric Care
  • Author : Birgit Völlm,Peter Braun
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3030125947
  • Pages : 343
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides an overview of forensic psychiatry, focusing on the provision of care in Europe as well as the legal and ethical challenges posed by long-term stays in forensic settings. Forensic psychiatric services provide care and treatment for mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) in secure in-patient facilities as well as in the community. These services are high-cost/low-volume services; they pose significant restrictions on patients and hence raise considerable ethical challenges. There is no agreed-upon standard for length of stay (LoS) in secure settings and patients’ detainment periods vary considerably across countries and even within the same jurisdiction. Thus far, little research has been conducted to identify factors associated with length of stay; consequently, it remains unclear how services should be configured to meet the needs of this patient group. This volume fills some of those gaps. Furthermore, it presents new research on factors associated with length of stay, both patient-related and organisational. Various approaches to the provision of care for long-term patients in different countries are explored, including a few best practise examples in this specific area of psychiatry. The book also addresses the perspective of those working in forensic care by reviewing quality-of-life research and interviews with patients. The authors of this volume come from a range of professional backgrounds, ensuring a certain breadth and depth in the topic discussion, and even includes patients themselves as (co-)authors.


Reinventing Organizations by Frederic Laloux

Reinventing Organizations
  • Title : Reinventing Organizations
  • Author : Frederic Laloux
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9782960133516
  • Pages : 382
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The way we manage organizations seems increasingly out of date. Deep inside, we sense that more is possible. We long for soulful workplaces, for authenticity, community, passion, and purpose. In this groundbreaking book, the author shows that every time, in the past, when humanity has shifted to a new stage of consciousness, it has achieved extraordinary breakthroughs in collaboration. A new shift in consciousness is currently underway. Could it help us invent a more soulful and purposeful way to run our businesses and nonprofits, schools and hospitals ? A few pioneers have already cracked the code and they show us, in practical detail, how it can be done. Leaders, founders, coaches, and consultants will find this work a joyful handbook, full of insights, examples, and inspiring stories.


Understanding by Design by Grant P. Wiggins,Jay McTighe

Understanding by Design
  • Title : Understanding by Design
  • Author : Grant P. Wiggins,Jay McTighe
  • Publisher : ASCD
  • ISBN Code : 1416600353
  • Pages : 370
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Presents a multifaceted model of understanding, which is based on the premise that people can demonstrate understanding in a variety of ways.


Communities in Action by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States

Communities in Action
  • Title : Communities in Action
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309452961
  • Pages : 582
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.


A Human Rights Based Approach to Education by UNICEF Staff,UNESCO

A Human Rights Based Approach to Education
  • Title : A Human Rights Based Approach to Education
  • Author : UNICEF Staff,UNESCO
  • Publisher : UN
  • ISBN Code : 9789280641882
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Title : Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309142393
  • Pages : 348
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.


Social Sciences Index by N.A

Social Sciences Index
  • Title : Social Sciences Index
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Model Rules of Professional Conduct by American Bar Association. House of Delegates,Center for Professional Responsibility (American Bar Association)

Model Rules of Professional Conduct
  • Title : Model Rules of Professional Conduct
  • Author : American Bar Association. House of Delegates,Center for Professional Responsibility (American Bar Association)
  • Publisher : American Bar Association
  • ISBN Code : 9781590318737
  • Pages : 187
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Model Rules of Professional Conduct provides an up-to-date resource for information on legal ethics. Federal, state and local courts in all jurisdictions look to the Rules for guidance in solving lawyer malpractice cases, disciplinary actions, disqualification issues, sanctions questions and much more. In this volume, black-letter Rules of Professional Conduct are followed by numbered Comments that explain each Rule's purpose and provide suggestions for its practical application. The Rules will help you identify proper conduct in a variety of given situations, review those instances where discretionary action is possible, and define the nature of the relationship between you and your clients, colleagues and the courts.


Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Models in the Regulatory Decision Process

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making
  • Title : Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Models in the Regulatory Decision Process
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309178921
  • Pages : 286
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Many regulations issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are based on the results of computer models. Models help EPA explain environmental phenomena in settings where direct observations are limited or unavailable, and anticipate the effects of agency policies on the environment, human health and the economy. Given the critical role played by models, the EPA asked the National Research Council to assess scientific issues related to the agency's selection and use of models in its decisions. The book recommends a series of guidelines and principles for improving agency models and decision-making processes. The centerpiece of the book's recommended vision is a life-cycle approach to model evaluation which includes peer review, corroboration of results, and other activities. This will enhance the agency's ability to respond to requirements from a 2001 law on information quality and improve policy development and implementation.


International technical guidance on sexuality education by UNESCO,UNAIDS,UNFPA,UNICEF,UN Women,WHO

International technical guidance on sexuality education
  • Title : International technical guidance on sexuality education
  • Author : UNESCO,UNAIDS,UNFPA,UNICEF,UN Women,WHO
  • Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9231002597
  • Pages : 138
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


An explanatory guide to the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit-sharing by N.A

An explanatory guide to the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit-sharing
  • Title : An explanatory guide to the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit-sharing
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : IUCN
  • ISBN Code : 2831715296
  • Pages : 394
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Violence at School by International Bureau of Education

Violence at School
  • Title : Violence at School
  • Author : International Bureau of Education
  • Publisher : Bernan Assoc
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 127
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

School violence is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide; this study deals with its impact on teaching and learning.


Educating Everybody's Children by Robert W. Cole W. Cole

Educating Everybody's Children
  • Title : Educating Everybody's Children
  • Author : Robert W. Cole W. Cole
  • Publisher : ASCD
  • ISBN Code : 1416612491
  • Pages : 295
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Designed to promote reflection, discussion, and action among the entire learning community, Educating Everybody's Children encapsulates what research has revealed about successfully addressing the needs of students from economically, ethnically, culturally, and linguistically diverse groups and identifies a wide range of effective principles and instructional strategies. Although good teaching works well with all students, educators must develop an extensive repertoire of instructional tools to meet the varying needs of students from diverse backgrounds. Those tools and the knowledge base behind them are the foundation of this expanded and revised second edition of Educating Everybody's Children. Each strategy discussed in the book includes classroom examples and a list of the research studies that support it. The most important thing we have learned as a result of the education reform movement is that student achievement stands or falls on the motivation and skills of teachers. We must ensure that all teachers are capable of delivering a standards‐based curriculum that describes what students should know and be able to do, and that these standards are delivered by means of a rich and engaging "pedagogy of plenty." By these two acts we can ensure that all schools will be ready and able to educate everybody's children.


Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards by N.A

Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards
  • Title : Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The New Literacies by Elizabeth A. Baker

The New Literacies
  • Title : The New Literacies
  • Author : Elizabeth A. Baker
  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781606236062
  • Pages : 322
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

With contributions from leading scholars, this compelling volume offers fresh insights into literacy teaching and learning—and the changing nature of literacy itself—in today's K–12 classrooms. The focus is on varied technologies and literacies such as social networking sites, text messaging, and online communities. Cutting-edge approaches to integrating technology into traditional, print-centered reading and writing instruction are described. Also discussed are ways to teach the new skills and strategies that students need to engage effectively with digital texts. The book is unique in examining new literacies through multiple theoretical lenses, including behavioral, semiotic, cognitive, sociocultural, critical, and feminist perspectives.