Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification by John T. Jost,Aaron C. Kay,Hulda Thorisdottir

Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification
  • Title : Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification
  • Author : John T. Jost,Aaron C. Kay,Hulda Thorisdottir
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199717606
  • Pages : 552
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This new volume on Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification brings together several of the most prominent social and political psychologists who are responsible for the resurgence of interest in the study of ideology, broadly defined. Leading scientists and scholars from several related disciplines, including psychology, sociology, political science, law, and organizational behavior present their cutting-edge theorizing and research. Topics include the social, personality, cognitive and motivational antecedents and consequences of adopting liberal versus conservative ideologies, the social and psychological functions served by political and religious ideologies, and the myriad ways in which people defend, bolster, and justify the social systems they inhabit. This book is the first of its kind, bringing together formerly independent lines of research on ideology and system justification.


A Theory of System Justification by John T. Jost

A Theory of System Justification
  • Title : A Theory of System Justification
  • Author : John T. Jost
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 0674244656
  • Pages : 408
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Psychologist John Jost has spent decades researching poor people who vote for policies of inequality and women who think men deserve higher salaries. He argues that the persecuted often justify and defend the very social systems that oppress them because doing so serves a fundamental need for certainty, security, and social acceptance.


Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior by Jerry Suls,Rebecca L. Collins,Ladd Wheeler

Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior
  • Title : Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior
  • Author : Jerry Suls,Rebecca L. Collins,Ladd Wheeler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190629118
  • Pages : 680
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Comparison with other people, a core element of social life, influences self-concept, attitudes, conformity, psychological and physical well-being, achievement, educational outcomes, and social movements. Social comparison has become particularly salient as social and income inequalities have been increasingly recognized in the United States and elsewhere globally. This volume presents classic and state-of-the-science chapters by leading experts that survey the major areas of social comparison theory and research. Authored by noted experts, the volume is divided into three sections: Basic Comparison Processes, Neighboring Fields, and Applications. The first section is comprised of chapters that update classic theories and present contemporary advances, such as the dominating effect of local versus global comparisons, an analysis of the psychology of competition, how comparisons across different domains influence self-concept and achievement, and the integral connections between stereotyping and comparison. The second section introduces perspectives from related fields, such as the decision and network sciences, that shed new light on social comparison. The third section focuses on practical applications of comparison, including relative deprivation, health psychology, the effects of income inequality on well-being, and the relationship of power to comparison. This volume is a must-read for anyone interested in the field of social comparison and its implications for everyday life.


Ideology in the Supreme Court by Lawrence Baum

Ideology in the Supreme Court
  • Title : Ideology in the Supreme Court
  • Author : Lawrence Baum
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691175527
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Ideology in the Supreme Court is the first book to analyze the process by which the ideological stances of U.S. Supreme Court justices translate into the positions they take on the issues that the Court addresses. Eminent Supreme Court scholar Lawrence Baum argues that the links between ideology and issues are not simply a matter of reasoning logically from general premises. Rather, they reflect the development of shared understandings among political elites, including Supreme Court justices. And broad values about matters such as equality are not the only source of these understandings. Another potentially important source is the justices' attitudes about social or political groups, such as the business community and the Republican and Democratic parties. The book probes these sources by analyzing three issues on which the relative positions of liberal and conservative justices changed between 1910 and 2013: freedom of expression, criminal justice, and government "takings" of property. Analyzing the Court's decisions and other developments during that period, Baum finds that the values underlying liberalism and conservatism help to explain these changes, but that justices' attitudes toward social and political groups also played a powerful role. Providing a new perspective on how ideology functions in Supreme Court decision making, Ideology in the Supreme Court has important implications for how we think about the Court and its justices.


Power, Prose, and Purse by Alison L. LaCroix,Saul Levmore,Martha C. Nussbaum

Power, Prose, and Purse
  • Title : Power, Prose, and Purse
  • Author : Alison L. LaCroix,Saul Levmore,Martha C. Nussbaum
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190873450
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Power, Prose, and Purse is an edited collection of essays that draw connections between literature, economics and law. The essays discuss novels that explore the time period between the Industrial Revolution and the Great Depression and analyze the insights that novelists may offer to law and economics, while noting the tensions among these paradigms"--


The Territories of Human Reason by Alister E. McGrath

The Territories of Human Reason
  • Title : The Territories of Human Reason
  • Author : Alister E. McGrath
  • Publisher : Ian Ramsey Centre Studies in Science and Religion
  • ISBN Code : 0198813104
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Our understanding of human rationality has changed significantly since the beginning of the century, with growing emphasis being placed on multiple rationalities, each adapted to the specific tasks of communities of practice. We may think of the world as an ontological unity-but we use a plurality of methods to investigate and represent this world. This development has called into question both the appeal to a universal rationality, characteristic of the Enlightenment, and also the simple 'modern-postmodern' binary. The Territories of Human Reason is the first major study to explore the emergence of multiple situated rationalities. It focuses on the relation of the natural sciences and Christian theology, but its approach can easily be extended to other disciplines. It provides a robust intellectual framework for discussion of transdisciplinarity, which has become a major theme in many parts of the academic world. Alister E. McGrath offers a major reappraisal of what it means to be 'rational' which will have significant impact on older discussions of this theme. He sets out to explore the consequences of the seemingly inexorable move away from the notion of a single universal rationality towards a plurality of cultural and domain-specific methodologies and rationalities. What does this mean for the natural sciences? For the philosophy of science? For Christian theology? And for the interdisciplinary field of science and religion? How can a single individual hold together scientific and religious ideas, when these arise from quite different rational approaches? This ground-breaking volume sets out to engage these questions and will provoke intense discussion and debate.


Shared Reality by E. Tory Higgins

Shared Reality
  • Title : Shared Reality
  • Author : E. Tory Higgins
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190948051
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

What does it mean to be human? Why do we feel and behave in the ways that we do? The classic answer is that we have a special kind of intelligence. But to understand what we are as humans, we also need to know what we are like motivationally. And what is central to this story, what is special about human motivation, is that humans want to share with others their inner experiences about the world--share how they feel, what they believe, and what they want to happen in the future. They want to create a shared reality with others. People have a shared reality together when they experience having in common a feeling about something, a belief about something, or a concern about something. They feel connected to another person or group by knowing that this person or group sees the world the same way that they do--they share what is real about the world. In this work, Dr. Higgins describes how our human motivation for shared reality evolved in our species, and how it develops in our children as shared feelings, shared practices, and shared goals and roles. Shared reality is crucial to what we believe--sharing is believing. It is central to our sense of self, what we strive for and how we strive. It is basic to how we get along with others. It brings us together in fellowship and companionship, but it also tears us apart by creating in-group "bubbles" that conflict with one another. Our shared realities are the best of us, and the worst of us.


Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime by Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime
  • Title : Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime
  • Author : Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann
  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 449
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors’ own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.


Ideology, Psychology, and Law by Jon Hanson

Ideology, Psychology, and Law
  • Title : Ideology, Psychology, and Law
  • Author : Jon Hanson
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199737512
  • Pages : 800
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Formally, the law purports to be based solely in reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological bias or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. As most legal scholars understand, however, the impression that the legal system projects is largely an illusion. Over the last decade or so, political scientists and legal academics have begun studying the linkages between ideologies, on one hand, and legal principles and policy outcomes on the other. This book is the first to bring many of the world's experts on those topics together to examine the sometimes unsettling interactions between psychology, ideology, and law.


Annual Review of Psychology by Calvin Perry Stone

Annual Review of Psychology
  • Title : Annual Review of Psychology
  • Author : Calvin Perry Stone
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 768
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Publishes original critical reviews of the significant literature and current developments in psychology.


The Riddle of All Constitutions by Susan Marks

The Riddle of All Constitutions
  • Title : The Riddle of All Constitutions
  • Author : Susan Marks
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 9780199264131
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The promotion of democracy is familiar in foreign policy and the activities of international organizations. The author considers whether international law should join this move to promote democratic political arrangements.


Image Bite Politics by Maria Elizabeth Grabe,Erik Page Bucy

Image Bite Politics
  • Title : Image Bite Politics
  • Author : Maria Elizabeth Grabe,Erik Page Bucy
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195372077
  • Pages : 316
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

'Image Bite Politics' systematically assesses the visual presentation of presidential candidates in network news coverage of elections and connects these visual images with shifts in public opinion. The authors highlight the remarkably potent influence of television images when it comes to evaluating leaders.


Social Theory and Practice by N.A

Social Theory and Practice
  • Title : Social Theory and Practice
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Innate Mind by Peter Carruthers,Stephen Laurence,Stephen Stich

The Innate Mind
  • Title : The Innate Mind
  • Author : Peter Carruthers,Stephen Laurence,Stephen Stich
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195332834
  • Pages : 444
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Vol. 3: Concerned with the fundamental architecture of the mind, this text addresses questions about the existence & extent of human innate abilities, how these inate abilities affect the development of the mature mind, & which of them is shared with other species.


Moral Selves, Evil Selves by Steven Hitlin

Moral Selves, Evil Selves
  • Title : Moral Selves, Evil Selves
  • Author : Steven Hitlin
  • Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 269
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

People have strong moral beliefs about right and wrong, yet commonly act contrary to those beliefs. Most of us, at some time or another, have crossed a moral line and yet still view ourselves as moral and have a clean conscience. From intimate relationships to national politics, we define ourselves in large part by how we – and our friends, family, and members of our social groups – draw moral lines around our actions, thoughts, and intentions. While philosophers have weighed in on these issues for thousands of years, social scientists often underplay social life’s moral dimension. Moral Selves, Evil Selves highlights our individual sense of moral coherence and develops a theory of the development and maintenance of this sense in an ambiguous and complicated social world. By conceptualizing a social psychology of conscience, this book explains how we can properly include individual and societal notions of morality into understanding the self across time and situation.


American Public Opinion by Robert S. Erikson,Kent L. Tedin

American Public Opinion
  • Title : American Public Opinion
  • Author : Robert S. Erikson,Kent L. Tedin
  • Publisher : Pearson College Division
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 391
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Updated in a new 8th edition, this book goes beyond a simple presentation of data to include a critical analysis of the role of public opinion in American democracy. It provides an in-depth analysis of public opinion, beginning with its origins in political socialization, the impact of the media, the extent and breadth of democratic values, to the role of public opinion in the electoral process. Using the most current survey data from the 2008 elections and the latest literature on the subject, Erikson and Tedin analyze public opinion and its role in the policy and politics of the United States.


The Psychology of Conspiracy by Michal Bilewicz,Aleksandra Cichocka,Wiktor Soral

The Psychology of Conspiracy
  • Title : The Psychology of Conspiracy
  • Author : Michal Bilewicz,Aleksandra Cichocka,Wiktor Soral
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317599527
  • Pages : 204
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Why did the third World Trade Center building (WTC7) collapse on September 11th , even though it was not struck by any aircraft? Why did Princess Diana’s "drunk" driver look sober as he climbed into the car minutes before their deadly accident? Could a slender birch tree really have caused the plane crash which killed the President of Poland in 2010? ‘Conspiracy thinking’ – the search for explanations of significant global events in clandestine plots, suppressed knowledge and the secret actions of elite groups – provides simple and logical answers to the social doubts and uncertainties that occur at times of major national and international crises. Contemporary social psychology seeks to explain the human motivation to create, share and receive conspiracy theories, and to shed light on the consequences of these theories for people’s social and political functioning. This important collection, written by leading researchers in the field, is the first to apply quantitative empirical findings to the subject of conspiracy theorizing. The first section of the book explores conspiracy theories in the context of group perception and intergroup relations, paying particular attention to anti-Semitic conspiracy stereotypes. It then goes on to examine the relationship between an individual’s political ideology and the degree to which they engage in ‘conspiracy thinking’. The concluding part of the book considers the explanatory power of conspiracy, focusing on the link between social paranoia and digital media, and highlighting the social, political, and environmental consequences of conspiracy theories. The Psychology of Conspiracy will be of great interest to academics and researchers in social and political psychology, and a valuable resource to those in the fields of social policy, anthropology, political science, and cultural studies.


The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making by David E. Klein,Gregory Mitchell

The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making
  • Title : The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making
  • Author : David E. Klein,Gregory Mitchell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199710139
  • Pages : 360
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Over the years, psychologists have devoted uncountable hours to learning how human beings make judgments and decisions. As much progress as scholars have made in explaining what judges do over the past few decades, there remains a certain lack of depth to our understanding. Even where scholars can make consensual and successful predictions of a judge's behavior, they will often disagree sharply about exactly what happens in the judge's mind to generate the predicted result. This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making.


The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks by Jan M. Kotowski

The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks
  • Title : The Discursive Construction of National Identities Through Narratives of Immigration in German and American Social Studies Textbooks
  • Author : Jan M. Kotowski
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 922
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


On Behalf of Others by Sarah Scuzzarello,Catarine Kinnvall,Kristen R. Monroe

On Behalf of Others
  • Title : On Behalf of Others
  • Author : Sarah Scuzzarello,Catarine Kinnvall,Kristen R. Monroe
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 303
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

'On Behalf of Others' offers both a theoretical and empirical discussion of the psychology of ethics and care in a global world. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding how political, economic, social and psychological forces interact and are mutually reinforced in a global context.


Ideology by Teun A Van Dijk

Ideology
  • Title : Ideology
  • Author : Teun A Van Dijk
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • ISBN Code : 1473946123
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The definition of ideology continues to occupy scholars across a wide range of disciplines. In this book, Teun A van Dijk sketches a challenging new multidisciplinary framework for theorizing ideology. He defines ideology as the basis of the social representations of a group, its functions in terms of social relations between groups, and its reproduction as enacted by discourse. Contemporary racist discourse is examined to illustrate these ideological relations between cognition, society and discourse.


The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society by John S. Dryzek,Richard B. Norgaard,David Schlosberg

The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society
  • Author : John S. Dryzek,Richard B. Norgaard,David Schlosberg
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191618578
  • Pages : 742
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Climate change presents perhaps the most profound challenge ever confronted by human society. This volume is a definitive analysis drawing on the best thinking on questions of how climate change affects human systems, and how societies can, do, and should respond. Key topics covered include the history of the issues, social and political reception of climate science, the denial of that science by individuals and organized interests, the nature of the social disruptions caused by climate change, the economics of those disruptions and possible responses to them, questions of human security and social justice, obligations to future generations, policy instruments for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and governance at local, regional, national, international, and global levels.


Compound Democracies by Sergio Fabbrini

Compound Democracies
  • Title : Compound Democracies
  • Author : Sergio Fabbrini
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199566003
  • Pages : 368
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A major and broad-ranging new comparison of the American and European political systems that argues provocatively that they are growing increasingly similar and offers a compelling new model for understanding them.


The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies by Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
  • Author : Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191663719
  • Pages : 752
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.


How People Learn II by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on How People Learn II: The Science and Practice of Learning

How People Learn II
  • Title : How People Learn II
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on How People Learn II: The Science and Practice of Learning
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309459648
  • Pages : 346
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy. In 2000, How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition was published and its influence has been wide and deep. The report summarized insights on the nature of learning in school-aged children; described principles for the design of effective learning environments; and provided examples of how that could be implemented in the classroom. Since then, researchers have continued to investigate the nature of learning and have generated new findings related to the neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments. How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures provides a much-needed update incorporating insights gained from this research over the past decade. The book expands on the foundation laid out in the 2000 report and takes an in-depth look at the constellation of influences that affect individual learning. How People Learn II will become an indispensable resource to understand learning throughout the lifespan for educators of students and adults.


Beyond Prejudice by John Dixon,Mark Levine

Beyond Prejudice
  • Title : Beyond Prejudice
  • Author : John Dixon,Mark Levine
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1139504045
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The concept of prejudice has profoundly influenced how we have investigated, explained and tried to change intergroup relations of discrimination and inequality. But what has this concept contributed to our knowledge of relations between groups and what has it obscured or misrepresented? How has it expanded or narrowed the horizons of psychological inquiry? How effective or ineffective has it been in guiding our attempts to transform social relations and institutions? In this book, a team of internationally renowned psychologists re-evaluate the concept of prejudice, in an attempt to move beyond conventional approaches to the subject and to help the reader gain a clearer understanding of relations within and between groups. This fresh look at prejudice will appeal to scholars and students of social psychology, sociology, political science and peace studies.


Management Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility by Pranas Žukauskas,Jolita Vveinhardt,Regina Andriukaitienė

Management Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Title : Management Culture and Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Author : Pranas Žukauskas,Jolita Vveinhardt,Regina Andriukaitienė
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 178923008X
  • Pages : 448
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This monograph focuses on the level of management culture development in organizations attempting to disclose it not only with the help of theoretical insights but also by the approach based on employees and managers. Why was the term "management culture" that is rarely found in literature selected for the analysis? We are quite often faced with problems of terminology. Especially, it often happens in the translation from one language to another. While preparing this monograph, the authors had a number of questions on how to decouple the management culture from organization's culture and from organizational culture, how to separate management culture from managerial culture, etc. However, having analysed a variety of scientific research, it appeared that there is no need to break down the mentioned cultures because they still overlap. Therefore, it is impossible to completely separate the management culture from the formal or informal part of organizational culture. Management culture inevitably exists in every organization, only its level of development may vary.


The Psychology of Legitimacy by John T. Jost,Professor of Psychology John T Jost,Brenda Major

The Psychology of Legitimacy
  • Title : The Psychology of Legitimacy
  • Author : John T. Jost,Professor of Psychology John T Jost,Brenda Major
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521786997
  • Pages : 477
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book, first published in 2001, provides a general approach to the psychological basis of social inequality.


Social Epidemiology by Lisa F. Berkman,Professor and Chair Department of Health and Social Behavior Lisa F Berkman, PH.D.,Ichiro Kawachi,Professor of Social Epidemiology & Chairman of the Department of Society Human Development and Health Ichiro Kawachi

Social Epidemiology
  • Title : Social Epidemiology
  • Author : Lisa F. Berkman,Professor and Chair Department of Health and Social Behavior Lisa F Berkman, PH.D.,Ichiro Kawachi,Professor of Social Epidemiology & Chairman of the Department of Society Human Development and Health Ichiro Kawachi
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780195083316
  • Pages : 391
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book shows the important links between social conditions and health and begins to describe the processes through which these health inequalities may be generated. It reviews a range of methodologies that could be used by health researchers in this field and proposes innovative future research directions.


APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology by Mario Mikulincer,Phillip R. Shaver,Jeffry A. Simpson,John F. Dovidio

APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Title : APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Author : Mario Mikulincer,Phillip R. Shaver,Jeffry A. Simpson,John F. Dovidio
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781433816994
  • Pages : 668
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Summarises the current state of knowledge on major topics within the fields of personality and social psychology. Coverage is contemporary, from social cognition, to emotional experience, from religious beliefs to interpersonal relations. The chapters reflect a wide range of theoretical perspectives at different levels of analysis, including perspectives from disciplines outside of psychology.


Perspectivism in Social Psychology by John T. Jost,Mahzarin R. Banaji,Deborah A. Prentice,William James McGuire

Perspectivism in Social Psychology
  • Title : Perspectivism in Social Psychology
  • Author : John T. Jost,Mahzarin R. Banaji,Deborah A. Prentice,William James McGuire
  • Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
  • ISBN Code : 9781591470229
  • Pages : 338
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this volume, a diverse group of leading social psychologists explores topics central to to work of W.J. McGuire (considered one of the pioneers of cognitive psychology), including self-concept, language, mass media and political communication, the history of social psychology, and contextualist philosophy of science. Each chapter delivers a perspectivist analysis of the questions central to the authors' own area of study. As a result, new and emerging agendas for social psychology have emerged, united under the theme of perspectivist methodology and the study of thought systems. Like McGuire's own work, these chapters balance the ideal scientific components of theory, methodology, and empirical data. This provocative volume illustrates the broad influence of McGuire's theories and methodologies and will serve as an important catalyst for research in social psychology for years to come. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).


The Fair Society by Peter Corning

The Fair Society
  • Title : The Fair Society
  • Author : Peter Corning
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN Code : 0226116301
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

We’ve been told, again and again, that life is unfair. But what if we’re wrong simply to resign ourselves to this situation? What if we have the power—and more, the duty—to change society for the better? We do. And our very nature inclines us to do so. That’s the provocative argument Peter Corning makes in The Fair Society. Drawing on the evidence from our evolutionary history and the emergent science of human nature, Corning shows that we have an innate sense of fairness. While these impulses can easily be subverted by greed and demagoguery, they can also be harnessed for good. Corning brings together the latest findings from the behavioral and biological sciences to help us understand how to move beyond the Madoffs and Enrons in our midst in order to lay the foundation for a new social contract—a Biosocial Contract built on a deep understanding of human nature and a commitment to fairness. He then proposes a sweeping set of economic and political reforms based on three principles of fairness—equality, equity, and reciprocity—that together could transform our society and our world. At this crisis point for capitalism, Corning reveals that the proper response to bank bailouts and financial chicanery isn’t to get mad—it’s to get fair.


Measures of Political Attitudes by John P. Robinson,Phillip R. Shaver,Lawrence S. Wrightsman

Measures of Political Attitudes
  • Title : Measures of Political Attitudes
  • Author : John P. Robinson,Phillip R. Shaver,Lawrence S. Wrightsman
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9780125902458
  • Pages : 801
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Measures of Political Attitudes provides political and social scientists with the necessary information to best measure political attitudes and data. Containing side-by-side comparisons of relevant measures, coverage includes political ideology, democratic values, political tolerance, racial-ethnic attitudes, political trust, party identification, and more. Information in each chapter includes a systematic review of reliability and validity evidence as well as placing the scales into a broad historical and research context.


Processes of Prejudice by Dominic Abrams,Great Britain. Equality and Human Rights Commission

Processes of Prejudice
  • Title : Processes of Prejudice
  • Author : Dominic Abrams,Great Britain. Equality and Human Rights Commission
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781842062708
  • Pages : 111
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Argumentation in Science Education by Sibel Erduran,María Pilar Jiménez-Aleixandre

Argumentation in Science Education
  • Title : Argumentation in Science Education
  • Author : Sibel Erduran,María Pilar Jiménez-Aleixandre
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 1402066708
  • Pages : 296
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Educational researchers are bound to see this as a timely work. It brings together the work of leading experts in argumentation in science education. It presents research combining theoretical and empirical perspectives relevant for secondary science classrooms. Since the 1990s, argumentation studies have increased at a rapid pace, from stray papers to a wealth of research exploring ever more sophisticated issues. It is this fact that makes this volume so crucial.


The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells

The British National Bibliography
  • Title : The British National Bibliography
  • Author : Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Curriculum Theory by Michael Stephen Schiro

Curriculum Theory
  • Title : Curriculum Theory
  • Author : Michael Stephen Schiro
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • ISBN Code : 1452289859
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Second Edition of Curriculum Theory: Conflicting Visions and Enduring Concerns by Michael Stephen Schiro presents a clear, unbiased, and rigorous description of the major curriculum philosophies that have influenced educators and schooling over the last century. The author analyzes four educational visions—Scholar Academic, Social Efficiency, Learner Centered, and Social Reconstruction—to enable readers to reflect on their own educational beliefs and more productively interact with educators who might hold different beliefs.


Political Psychology by John T. Jost,Jim Sidanius

Political Psychology
  • Title : Political Psychology
  • Author : John T. Jost,Jim Sidanius
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781841690698
  • Pages : 497
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The articles in this volume have been carefully chosen to illustrate the way the field has developed historically as well as current issues and research directions.


Parenting Matters by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children

Parenting Matters
  • Title : Parenting Matters
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Supporting the Parents of Young Children
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309388546
  • Pages : 524
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children's well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child's brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents' lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents' use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.


Liars and Outliers by Bruce Schneier

Liars and Outliers
  • Title : Liars and Outliers
  • Author : Bruce Schneier
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1118239016
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.