Soil Survey

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Booker Tropical Soil Manual

Booker Tropical Soil Manual Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J.R. Landon
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317902092
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Booker Tropical Soil Manual by J.R. Landon Summary

First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Non-Agricultural Applications of Soil Surveys

Non-Agricultural Applications of Soil Surveys Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Herbert A. Simon
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 008086970X
FileSize: 1200kb
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Non-Agricultural Applications of Soil Surveys by Herbert A. Simon Summary

Non-Agricultural Applications of Soil Surveys

Profiles in the History of the U.S. Soil Survey

Profiles in the History of the U.S. Soil Survey Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Douglas Helms,Anne B. W. Effland,Patricia J. Durana
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470376732
FileSize: 1724kb
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Profiles in the History of the U.S. Soil Survey by Douglas Helms,Anne B. W. Effland,Patricia J. Durana Summary

Profiles in the History of the U.S. Soil Survey offers a broad-ranging collection of essays chronicling the development of the U.S. Soil Survey and its influence on the history of soil survey as a scientific discipline that focuses on mapping, analysis, and description of soils. Appraises the influences of key individuals and institutions on the establishment of federal support for and coordination of U.S. soil surveys. Provides an account of life in the field, detailing experience shared by many soil scientists and survey processionals. Reviews the opening of careers in soil survey to women and African-Americans. Relates aspects of the utility of the soil survey to other federal services, to other fields of research, and to land-use planning. Discusses the future of the U.S. Soil Survey and the new directions both the survey and its uses will take. Soil scientists and other soil survey professionals will find this collection valuable both for the new research it provides and for the memories it preserves of life and work in the field and laboratory. Historians will increasingly turn their attention to this crucial earth science as the intriguing connections between soils, the environment, and human history become more apparent. Teachers, students, and agriculturalists will also appreciate this detailed account of the Soil Survey.

Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook

Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Committee on Soil and Terrain
Editor: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 0643098615
FileSize: 476kb
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Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook by National Committee on Soil and Terrain Summary

The Australian Soil and Land Survey Field Handbook specifies methods and terminology for soil and land surveys. It has been widely used throughout Australia, providing one reference set of definitions for the characterisation of landform, vegetation, land surface, soil and substrate. The book advocates that a comprehensive suite of land and soil attributes be recorded in a uniform manner. This approach is more useful than the allocation of land or soil to preconceived types or classes. The third edition includes revised chapters on location and vegetation as well as some new landform elements. These updates have been guided by the National Committee on Soil and Terrain, a steering committee comprising representatives from key federal, state and territory land resource assessment agencies. Essential reading for all professionals involved in land resource surveys, this book will also be of value to students and educators in soil science, geography, ecology, agriculture, forestry, resource management, planning, landscape architecture and engineering.

Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual

Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual Pdf/ePub eBook Author: USDA
Editor: Scientific Publishers - USDA
ISBN: 9388148738
FileSize: 959kb
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Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual by USDA Summary

The purpose of this manual is to document methodology and to serve as a reference for the laboratory analyst. The standard methods described in this SSIR No. 42, Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual, Version 4.0 replaces as a methods reference all earlier versions of the SSIR No. 42 (1989, 1992, and 1996, respectively) and SSIR No. 1, Procedures for Collecting Soil Samples and Methods of Analysis for Soil Survey (1972, 1982, and 1984). All SSL methods are performed with methodologies appropriate for the specific purpose. The SSL SOP's are standard methods, peer-recognized methods, SSL-developed methods, and/or specified methods in soil taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 1999). An earlier version of this manual (1996) also served as the primary document from which a companion manual, Soil Survey Laboratory Information Manual (SSIR No. 45, 1995), was developed. The SSIR No. 45 describes in greater detail the application of SSL data. Trade names are used in the manual solely for the purpose of providing specific information. Mention of a trade name does not constitute a guarantee of the product by USDA nor does it imply an endorsement by USDA.

Urban Soils

Urban Soils Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rattan Lal,B. A. Stewart
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 149877010X
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Urban Soils by Rattan Lal,B. A. Stewart Summary

Globally, 30% of the world population lived in urban areas in 1950, 54% in 2016 and 66% projected by 2050. The most urbanized regions include North America, Latin America, and Europe. Urban encroachment depletes soil carbon and the aboveground biomass carbon pools, enhancing the flux of carbon from soil and vegetation into the atmosphere. Thus, urbanization has exacerbated ecological and environmental problems. Urban soils are composed of geological material that has been drastically disturbed by anthropogenic activities and compromised their role in the production of food, aesthetics of residential areas, and pollutant dynamics. Properties of urban soils are normally not favorable to plant growth—the soils are contaminated by heavy metals and are compacted and sealed. Therefore, the quality of urban soils must be restored to make use of this valuable resource for delivery of essential ecosystem services (e.g., food, water and air quality, carbon sequestration, temperature moderation, biodiversity). Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences Series, Urban Soils explains properties of urban soils; assesses the effects of urbanization on the cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and water and the impacts of management of urban soils, soil restoration, urban agriculture, and food security; evaluates ecosystem services provisioned by urban soils, and describes synthetic and artificial soils.

Soils in Archaeological Research

Soils in Archaeological Research Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vance T. Holliday
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199882088
FileSize: 924kb
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Soils in Archaeological Research by Vance T. Holliday Summary

Soils, invaluable indicators of the nature and history of the physical and human landscape, have strongly influenced the cultural record left to archaeologists. Not only are they primary reservoirs for artifacts, they often encase entire sites. And soil-forming processes in themselves are an important component of site formation, influencing which artifacts, features, and environmental indicators (floral, faunal, and geological) will be destroyed and to what extent and which will be preserved and how well. In this book, Holliday will address each of these issues in terms of fundamentals as well as in field case histories from all over the world. The focus will be on principles of soil geomorphology , soil stratigraphy, and soil chemistry and their applications in archaeological research.

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alfred E. Hartemink,Alex B. McBratney,Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402085923
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Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data by Alfred E. Hartemink,Alex B. McBratney,Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos Summary

Signi?cant technological advances have been few and far between in the past approximately one hundred years of soil survey activities. Perhaps one of the most innovative techniques in the history of soil survey was the introduction of aerial photographs as base maps for ?eld mapping, which replaced the conventional base map laboriously prepared by planetable and alidade. Such a relatively simple idea by today’s standards revolutionized soil surveys by vastly increasing the accuracy and ef?ciently. Yet, even this innovative approach did not gain universal acceptance immediately and was hampered by a lack of aerial coverage of the world, funds to cover the costs, and in some cases a reluctance by some soil mappers and cartog- phers to change. Digital Soil Mapping (DSM), which is already being used and tested by groups of dedicated and innovative pedologists, is perhaps the next great advancement in delivering soil survey information. However, like many new technologies, it too has yet to gain universal acceptance and is hampered by ignorance on the part of some pedologists and other scientists. DSM is a spatial soil information system created by numerical models that - count for the spatial and temporal variations of soil properties based on soil - formation and related environmental variables (Lagacheric and McBratney, 2007).

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803080
FileSize: 1559kb
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Handbook of Soil Sciences by Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner Summary

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for co

The Soils of Taiwan

The Soils of Taiwan Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Zueng-Sang Chen,Zeng-Yei Hseu,Chen-Chi Tsai
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9401797269
FileSize: 1871kb
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The Soils of Taiwan by Zueng-Sang Chen,Zeng-Yei Hseu,Chen-Chi Tsai Summary

This book presents a comprehensive and up-to-date overview on soils of Taiwan. It includes sections on soil research history, climate, geology, geomorphology, major soil types, soil maps, soil properties, soil classification, soil fertility, land use and vegetation, soil management, soils and humans, soils and industry, future soil issues. The book summarizes what is known about the soils in Taiwan in a concise and highly reader-friendly way.

Digital Soil Mapping

Digital Soil Mapping Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080468075
FileSize: 1628kb
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Digital Soil Mapping by Summary

The book compiles the main ideas and methodologies that have been proposed and tested within these last fifteen years in the field of Digital Soil Mapping (DSM). Begining with current experiences of soil information system developments in various regions of the world, this volume presents states of the art of different topics covered by DSM: Conception and handling of soil databases, sampling methods, new soil spatial covariates, Quantitative spatial modelling, Quality assessment and representation of DSM outputs. This book provides a solid support to students, researchers and engineers interested in modernising soil survey approaches with numerical techniques. It is also of great interest for potential soil data users. * A new concept to meet the worldwide demand for spatial soil data * The first compilation of ideas and methodologies of Digital Soil Mapping * Offers a variety of specialities: soil surveying, geostatistics, data mining, fuzzy logic, remote sensing techniques, Geographical Information Science,...* Written by 82 researchers from 13 different countries

The Soils of the Philippines

The Soils of the Philippines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rodelio B. Carating,Raymundo G. Galanta,Clarita D. Bacatio
Editor: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 9401786828
FileSize: 1700kb
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The Soils of the Philippines by Rodelio B. Carating,Raymundo G. Galanta,Clarita D. Bacatio Summary

The first soil survey in the Philippines was done by Mr. Clarence Dorsey, an American soil scientist in the province of Batangas in 1903. The Soils of the Philippines, however, is the first comprehensive summary of more than a century of soil-survey work in this country. It integrates the soil concepts of the reconnaissance soil-survey results, which commenced as early as 1934 and continued until the mid 1960s, with the semi-detailed soil surveys that continue to this day. The result is the first-ever genetic key for classifying Philippine soils at soil series level; thus, making it possible for any newcomers to the soil survey field to confidently produce their own soil map, at a more detailed map scale, to suit the project requirements. This book brings together discussions on soils and soil mapping units and up-to-date international techniques and technologies. It makes soils relevant to current political realities and national issues. As soil survey moves from a reductionist agricultural-development planning tool to a more holistic and integrated approach, to enable us to understand our dynamic and complex environment, The Soils of the Philippines will be the only source of authoritative and updated data on soil resources for macro-level resource management planning for decades to come. With a vanishing breed of experienced soil surveyors, not only in the Philippines but also worldwide, it may remain the only book on Philippine soils for the next hundred years or more. Since soils follow a geological and not a human time frame, the contents of this volume will stay relevant for soil surveyors even in a fast changing world. As the country leaps from an agricultural economy towards modernization and a more diversified economic base, some of the soil series in the Philippines, for example the Guadalupe series underlying the skyscrapers of Makati City, are becoming extinct as a result of urban development. Therefore, this book serves as the repository for the soils that we possess, the soils that have been lost through decades of urbanization while, at the same time, it creates a soil classification system for the soils we are yet to discover.