Structural Geology

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Atlas of Structural Geology

Atlas of Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128168412
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Atlas of Structural Geology by , Summary

This second edition of Atlas of Structural Geology features a broad and inclusive range of high-quality mesoscale and microscale full-color photographs, descriptions, and captions related to the deformation of rocks and geologic structures. It is a multicontributed, comprehensive reference that includes submissions from many of the world’s leading structural geologists, making it one of the most thorough and comprehensive references available to the geoscience community. All types of structures are featured, including those related to ductile and brittle shear zones, sigma and delta structures, mineral fish, duplexes and trapezoids, shear-related folds, and flanking structures in the mesoscale and microscale. This second edition features new and expanded coverage, including seismic-image interpretation, landslide deformations, flowing glacial structures, and more than 150 new full-color images to illustrate the geologic features. A stunning collection of the world’s most beautiful and arresting geologic structures, this book is the ideal resource to illustrate key concepts in geology. Presents more than 400 top-quality, full-color photographs contributed by the world’s most respected structural geologists Features a broad range of morphological variations of geologic structures, making it the most up-to-date and inclusive reference of its kind Aids researchers in developing mathematical and analogue models on the peculiarity and uniqueness of the world’s most iconic structures

Structural Geology

Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bruce E. Hobbs,Alison Ord
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124079334
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Structural Geology by Bruce E. Hobbs,Alison Ord Summary

Structural Geology is a groundbreaking reference that introduces you to the concepts of nonlinear solid mechanics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in metamorphic geology, offering a fresh perspective on rock structure and its potential for new interpretations of geological evolution. This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field. This reflects the thermodynamics of systems not at equilibrium within the framework of modern nonlinear solid mechanics. The thermodynamic approach enables the various mechanical, thermal, hydrological and chemical processes to be rigorously coupled through the second law of thermodynamics, invariably leading to nonlinear behavior. The book also differs from others in emphasizing the implications of this nonlinear behavior with respect to the development of the diverse, complex, even fractal, range of structures in deformed metamorphic rocks. Building on the fundamentals of structural geology by discussing the nonlinear processes that operate during the deformation and metamorphism of rocks in the Earth's crust, the book's concepts help geoscientists and graduate-level students understand how these processes control or influence the structures and metamorphic fabrics—providing applications in hydrocarbon exploration, ore mineral exploration, and architectural engineering. Authored by two of the world's foremost experts in structural geology, representing more than 70 years of experience in research and instruction Nearly 300 figures, illustrations, working examples, and photographs reinforce key concepts and underscore major advances in structural geology

Structural Geology: Fundamentals and Modern Developments

Structural Geology: Fundamentals and Modern Developments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S.K. Ghosh
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080983995
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Structural Geology: Fundamentals and Modern Developments by S.K. Ghosh Summary

Presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the fundamental aspects of structural geology, emphasising both classical concepts and modern developments. A detailed account of the techniques of geometrical analysis is provided, giving a sound background to principles of geological deformation and in-depth analysis of mechanisms of formation of geological structures. Many new features are included such as detailed discussions on rotation of rigid inclusions and passive markers, boudinage (including chocolate tablet boudins, foliation boudins and shear fracture boudins), structural implications of basement-cover relations and time-relation between crystallation and deformation. The book presents the methods of structural analysis from microscopic to map scale, describes modern techniques used in field and laboratory and offers a balanced picture of modern structural geology as it emerges from combined field, experimental and theoretical studies. Hardback edition (0 080 41879 1) also available £50.00

Materials Science for Structural Geology

Materials Science for Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mervyn S. Paterson
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400755457
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Materials Science for Structural Geology by Mervyn S. Paterson Summary

This book sets out the basic materials science needed for understanding the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals. Although at atmospheric pressure or at relatively low environmental pressures, these materials tend to be brittle, that is, to fracture with little prior plastic deformation when non-hydrostatically stressed, they can undergo substantial permanent strain when stressed under environmental conditions of high confining pressure and high temperature, such as occur geologically in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. Thus the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals is of fundamental interest in structural geology and geodynamics. In mountain-building processes and during convective stirring in the Earth’s mantle, rocks can undergo very large amounts of plastic flow, accompanied by substantial changes in microstructure. These changes in microstructure remain in the rocks as evidence of the past deformation history. There are a number of types of physical processes whereby rock and minerals can undergo deformation under geological conditions. The physics of these processes is set out in this book.

Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists

Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Narayan Bose,Soumyajit Mukherjee
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128096586
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Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists by Narayan Bose,Soumyajit Mukherjee Summary

Map Interpretation for Structural Geologists exemplifies various topics, from deciphering topography using contour patterns to interpreting folds, faults, unconformities and dykes. By solving several types of maps, this book gives readers the confidence to solve difficult geologic questions related to map interpretation in the classroom and in the field. Interpreting geological and structural maps is an inseparable part of learning structural geology in the undergraduate curriculum and postgraduate development. Features approximately 30 full-color geological or structural maps and their solutions, from basic to the most complex Includes content appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students and professional geoscientists alike Presents a self-learning guide and teaching manual with minimum instruction required

Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, 3rd Edition

Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, 3rd Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George H. Davis,Stephen J. Reynolds,Charles F. Kluth
Editor: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1118214064
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Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, 3rd Edition by George H. Davis,Stephen J. Reynolds,Charles F. Kluth Summary

Relates the physical and geometric elegance of geologic structures within the Earth's crust and the ways in which these structures reflect the nature and origin of crystal deformation through time. The main thrust is on applications in regional tectonics, exploration geology, active tectonics and geohydrology. Techniques, experiments, and calculations are described in detail, with the purpose of offering active participation and discovery through laboratory and field work.

Current Topics in Structural Geology

Current Topics in Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: P. L. Hancock
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080984819
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Current Topics in Structural Geology by P. L. Hancock Summary

Current Topics in Structural Geology is a collection of invited papers on particular topics of interest in structural geology, from field-based problems on the scale of terranes to microstructures in nature and experiment. Contributors also explore earthquake faulting; S-C mylonites; tectonics and hydrogeology of accretionary prisms; deformation mechanisms; transparent polycrystals; shape and lattice preferred orientations; and mushroom-shaped diapirs. This text is comprised of 13 chapters; the first of which introduces the reader to shallow crustal earthquakes and the structural geology of fault zones. The first chapter also emphasizes the seismogenic regime, strike-slip earthquake rupture processes, structural questions posed by seismology, and mesothermal gold-quartz lodes hosted in steeply inclined shear zones of mixed 'brittle-ductile' character. Discussion then turns to normal faulting in the upper continental crust, along with the application of a method based primarily on fault slip data analysis to determine paleostress in terms of orientation and magnitude. The mechanical behavior and deformation textures of simulated halite shear zones are considered, with special regard to the internal structures of S-C mylonites and their mechanical implications. The remaining chapters examine the role of decollement zone in the tectonics and hydrogeology of accretionary prisms; synkinematic microscopy of transparent polycrystals; and the origin of metamorphic core complexes and detachment faults formed during Tertiary continental extension in the northern Colorado River region. This book is intended primarily for students and practitioners of structural geology.

Foundation of Structural Geology

Foundation of Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: R G Park
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136784357
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Foundation of Structural Geology by R G Park Summary

Since the first edition was published in 1983, this highly-regarded introductory textbook has been used by many generations of students worldwide. It is specifically tailored to the requirements of first or second year geology undergraduates. The third edition has been extensively revised and updated to include many new sections and over 50 new or redrawn illustrations. There are now over 220 illustrations, many incorporating a second colour to highlight essential features. The format has been changed to enhance the visual attractiveness of the book. The tripartite organization of the first and second editions has been modified by combining the purely descriptive or factual aspects of fault and fold structure in the earlier chapters with a simple treatment of mechanisms, leaving the more geometrically complex treatment until after the relevant sections on stress and strain, as before. Some subjects are introduced for the first time, e.g. inversion and orogen collapse, and others have been extensively modified, e.g. the chapter on gravity controlled structures now emphasises modern work on salt tectonics. The last third of the book is devoted to the wider context of geological structures and how they relate to plate tectonics. The final two chapters have been considerably expanded and give examples of various types of geological structures in their plate tectonic settings in both modern and ancient orogenic belts.

Structural Geology and Geomechanics

Structural Geology and Geomechanics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Zheng Yadong,Davis,Au Yin
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351413120
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Structural Geology and Geomechanics by Zheng Yadong,Davis,Au Yin Summary

The 30th International Geological Congress was held in Beijing, China in August 1997. Leading scientists convened to present their findings and views to the international geological research community. Volume 14 of 26 focuses on structural geology and geomechanics. All articles in the proceedings have been refereed and keynote papers have been included in Volume 1. These proceedings aim to present a view of contemporary geology and should be of interest to researchers in the geological sciences.

Structural Geology and Personal Computers

Structural Geology and Personal Computers Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D.G. De Paor
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080541938
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Structural Geology and Personal Computers by D.G. De Paor Summary

This book will help structural geologists keep abreast of rapid changes in work practices resulting from the personal computer revolution. It is organized into six parts: I Computer-Aided Learning; II Microstructural Analysis; III Analysis of Orientation Data; IV Strain and Kinematic Analysis; V Mathematical and Physical Modeling; VI Structural Mapping and GIS. The 45 contributing authors explain how to: set up computer-aided teaching and learning facilities on a low budget; illustrate tectonic strain concepts with a drawing program; integrate multimedia presentations into structural coursework; analyze microstructures with computer-aided microscopy; produce sophisticated stereonets with custom software for both the Mac and IBM PC; evaluate orientation data using a spreadsheet program; model the development of macrostructures and microstructures numerically; integrate structural and geophysical data; and apply PC technology to the production of structural maps, cross sections, and block diagrams. The editor's own contributions reveal the inner workings of his renowned structural research applications which are used in hundreds of universities worldwide. Commercial and non-commercial applications of particular interest to structural geologists are reviewed. This volume will prove an invaluable resource for professors, instructors, and research students, as well as research scientists in the public services and exploration industries. If you are such a person, have you lectured with the aid of a gyroscopic mouse? Or used Bézier curves to model heterogeneous deformation? Or analyzed a fold structure using a digital terrain model? If not, you'll need to rush out and buy this book before the next wave of new technology hits!

3-D Structural Geology

3-D Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard H. Groshong
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540310556
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3-D Structural Geology by Richard H. Groshong Summary

The book includes new material, in particular examples of 3-D models and techniques for using kinematic models to predict fault and ramp-anticline geometry. The book is geared toward the professional user concerned about the accuracy of an interpretation and the speed with which it can be obtained from incomplete data. Numerous analytical solutions are given that can be easily implemented with a pocket calculator or a spreadsheet.

The Structural Geology Contribution to the Africa-Eurasia Geology: Basement and Reservoir Structure, Ore Mineralisation and Tectonic Modelling

The Structural Geology Contribution to the Africa-Eurasia Geology: Basement and Reservoir Structure, Ore Mineralisation and Tectonic Modelling Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Federico Rossetti,Ana Crespo Blanc,Federica Riguzzi,Estelle Leroux,Kosmas Pavlopoulos,Olivier Bellier,Vasilios Kapsimalis
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 303001455X
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The Structural Geology Contribution to the Africa-Eurasia Geology: Basement and Reservoir Structure, Ore Mineralisation and Tectonic Modelling by Federico Rossetti,Ana Crespo Blanc,Federica Riguzzi,Estelle Leroux,Kosmas Pavlopoulos,Olivier Bellier,Vasilios Kapsimalis Summary

This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. The book is of interest to all researchers in the fields of Structural Geology, Stratigraphy, Ore Deposits, Regional Tectonics and Tectonic Modelling. This volume offers an overview of multidisciplinary studies on the broader Africa-Eurasia geology. Main topics include: 1. Basement Geology2. Fluid-rock interaction, hydrothermalism and ore deposits3. Reservoir geology, structure and stratigraphy4. Mediterranean Tectonics5. The Alpine-Himalayan convergence zone6. Tectonic Modelling

Teaching Methodologies in Structural Geology and Tectonics

Teaching Methodologies in Structural Geology and Tectonics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Soumyajit Mukherjee
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811327815
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Teaching Methodologies in Structural Geology and Tectonics by Soumyajit Mukherjee Summary

This edited book discusses various challenges in teaching structural geology and tectonics and how they have been overcome by eminent instructors, who employed effective and innovative means to do so. All of the chapters were written by prominent and active academics and geoscientists fully engaged in teaching Structural Geology and Tectonics. New instructors will find this book indispensible in framing their teaching strategy. Effective teaching of Structural Geology and Tectonics constitutes the backbone of geoscience education. Teaching takes place not only in classrooms, but also in labs and in the field. The content and teaching methodologies for these two fields have changed over time, shaped by the responsibilities that present-day geoscientists are expected to fulfill.

Structural Geology and Rock Engineering

Structural Geology and Rock Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John W Cosgrove,John A Hudson
Editor: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1783269596
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Structural Geology and Rock Engineering by John W Cosgrove,John A Hudson Summary

The exploration and extraction of the earth's resources are key issues in global industrial development. In the 21st century, emphasis has increasingly being placed on geo-engineering safety, engineering accountability and sustainability. With focus on rock engineering projects, Structural Geology and Rock Engineering uses case studies and an integrated engineering approach to provide an understanding of projects constructed on or in rock masses. Based on Professors Cosgrove and Hudson's university teaching at Imperial College London, as well as relevant short course presentations, it explains the processes required for engineering modelling, design and construction. The first half of the book provides step-by-step presentations of the principles of structural geology and rock mechanics with special emphasis on the integration between the two subjects. The second half of the book turns principles into practice. A wealth of practical engineering examples are presented, including evaluations of bridge foundations, quarries, dams, opencast coal mining, underground rock engineering, historical monuments and stone buildings. This up-to-date, well-illustrated guide is ideal for teachers, researchers and engineers interested in the study and practice of rock-based projects in engineering.

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128140496
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Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics by , Summary

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics, Volume 5, in the series Developments in Structural Geology and Tectonics, presents students, researchers and practitioners with an all-new set of problems and solutions that structural geologists and tectonics researchers commonly face. Topics covered include ductile deformation (such as strain analyses), brittle deformation (such as rock fracturing), brittle-ductile deformation, collisional and shortening tectonics, thrust-related exercises, rift and extensional tectonics, strike slip tectonics, and cross-section balancing exercises. The book provides a how-to guide for students of structural geology and geologists working in the oil, gas and mining industries. Provides practical solutions to industry-related issues, such as well bore stability Allows for self-study and includes background information and explanation of research and industry jargon Includes full color diagrams to explain 3D issues

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Achyuta Ayan Misra,Soumyajit Mukherjee
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119158354
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Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images by Achyuta Ayan Misra,Soumyajit Mukherjee Summary

This comprehensive book deals primarily with reflection seismic data in the hydrocarbon industry. It brings together seismic examples from North and South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia and features contributions from eleven international authors who are experts in their field. It provides structural geological examples with full-color illustrations and explanations so that students and industry professionals can get a better understanding of what they are being taught. It also shows seismic images in black and white print and covers compression related structures. Representing a compilation of examples for different types of geological structures, Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is a quick guide to finding analogous structures. It provides extensive coverage of seismic expression of different geological structures, faults, folds, mobile substrates (shale and salt), tectonic and regional structures, and common pitfalls in interpretation. The book also includes an un-interpreted seismic section for every interpreted section so that readers can feel free to draw their own conclusion as per their conceptualization. Provides authoritative source of methodologies for seismic interpretation Indicates sources of uncertainty and give alternative interpretations Directly benefits those working in petroleum industries Includes case studies from a variety of tectonic regimes Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is primarily designed for graduate students in Earth Sciences, researchers, and new entrants in industry who are interested in seismic interpretation.

Tectonics and Structural Geology: Indian Context

Tectonics and Structural Geology: Indian Context Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Soumyajit Mukherjee
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319993410
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Tectonics and Structural Geology: Indian Context by Soumyajit Mukherjee Summary

This book presents a compilation of findings, review and original works, on the tectonic evolution and structural detail of several terrains in India. It captures the tectonic diversity of the Indian terrain, including tectonics of India's coastal areas, the tectonic evolution of Gondwana and Proterozoic (Purana) basins. It also describes the research results of the Indian craton's geo-history, Tertiary Bengal basin, and also the Himalayan collisional zone. Thus the book covers the deformation history of Indian terrain involving strike slip, compressional and extensional tectonics, and ductile and brittle shear deformations.

Mechanics in Structural Geology

Mechanics in Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: B. Bayly
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461391660
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Mechanics in Structural Geology by B. Bayly Summary

From the reviews: "...one of the charms of this book is that it is different from both structural geology text books and mechanics texts. Bayly has brought these two fields together admirably, with great intelligence, imagination and originality. For this reason alone, I think all active structural geologists, whether in research or teaching, and particularly those concerned with theory, should read this book." (Journal of Structural Geology)

Elements of Structural Geology

Elements of Structural Geology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. S. Hills
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400958439
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Elements of Structural Geology by E. S. Hills Summary