The American Title Insurance Industry

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The American Title Insurance Industry

The American Title Insurance Industry Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814722466
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The American Title Insurance Industry by , Summary

After World War II, banks and other mortgage lenders began requiring insurance to protect them against flawed or defective real estate titles. Over the past sixty years, the title insurance industry has grown steadily in size, power, and secrecy: policies are available for both lenders and property owners and many title insurers offer an array of other real estate services, such as escrow and appraisal. Yet details about the industry’s operational procedures remain closely guarded from public exposure. In The American Title Insurance Industry, Joseph and David Eaton present evidence that improvements in recordkeeping over the last sixty years—particularly the advent of computers—have reduced the likelihood of a defective title going unnoticed in a property transaction. But the industry’s flaws run deeper than mere obsolescence: in most states, title insurers are allowed to engage in anticompetitive business practices, including price-fixing. Among the findings in this meticulously researched study are instances of insurers charging premiums well above the amount necessary to compensate them for assuming the risk of defect and identical policies with identical risk that vary in price by hundreds of percentage points for different geographic locations. The authors also examine the widely ignored role that the federal and most state governments play in perpetuating the title insurance industry’s unfair practices. Whereas most private industries prefer as little government intervention as possible, title insurers welcome it. Federal statue exempts title insurers from anti-trust liability, opening the door for price-fixing and destroying any semblance of free-market competition or market power for consumers. A landmark study for elected officials, and all those involved in the insurance, real estate, and brokerage industries, The American Title Insurance Industry brings to light a long-neglected problem—and offers suggestions for how it might be remedied.

Deadly Spin

Deadly Spin Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Wendell Potter
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1608193500
FileSize: 1769kb
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Deadly Spin by Wendell Potter Summary

That's how Wendell Potter introduced himself to a Senate committee in June 2009. He proceed to explain how insurance companies make promises they have no intention of keeping, how they flout regulations designed to protect consumers, and how they make it nearly impossible to understand information that the public needs. Potter quit his high-paid job as head of public relations at a major insurance corporation because he could no longer abide the routine practices of the insurance industry, policies that amounted to a death sentence for thousands of Americans every year. In Deadly Spin, Potter takes readers behind the scenes of the insurance industry to show how a huge chunk of our absurd healthcare expenditures actually bankrolls a propaganda campaign and lobbying effort focused on protecting one thing: profits. With the unique vantage of both a whistleblower and a high-powered former insider, Potter moves beyond the healthcare crisis to show how public relations works, and how it has come to play a massive, often insidious role in our political process-and our lives. This important and timely book tells Potter's remarkable personal story, but its larger goal is to explain how people like Potter, before his change of heart, can get the public to think and act in ways that benefit big corporations-and the Wall Street money managers who own them.

Insurance Era

Insurance Era Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Caley Horan
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022678441X
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Insurance Era by Caley Horan Summary

Actuarial thinking is everywhere in contemporary America, an often unnoticed byproduct of the postwar insurance industry’s political and economic influence. Calculations of risk permeate our institutions, influencing how we understand and manage crime, education, medicine, finance, and other social issues. Caley Horan’s remarkable book charts the social and economic power of private insurers since 1945, arguing that these institutions’ actuarial practices played a crucial and unexplored role in insinuating the social, political, and economic frameworks of neoliberalism into everyday life. Analyzing insurance marketing, consumption, investment, and regulation, Horan asserts that postwar America’s obsession with safety and security fueled the exponential expansion of the insurance industry and the growing importance of risk management in other fields. Horan shows that the rise and dissemination of neoliberal values did not happen on its own: they were the result of a project to unsocialize risk, shrinking the state’s commitment to providing support, and heaping burdens upon the people often least capable of bearing them. Insurance Era is a sharply researched and fiercely written account of how and why private insurance and its actuarial market logic came to be so deeply lodged in American visions of social welfare.

Title Insurance

Title Insurance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Orice M. Williams
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781422317242
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Title Insurance by Orice M. Williams Summary

Previously, the author identified issues related to title insurance markets, including questions about the extent to which premium rates reflect underlying costs, oversight of title agent practices, & the implications of recent state & fed. investigations. This report addresses those issues by examining: (1) the characteristics of title insurance markets across states; (2) factors influencing competition & prices within those markets; & (3) the current regulatory environment & planned regulatory changes. To conduct this review, the author analyzed available industry data & studies, & interviewed industry & regulatory officials in a sample of 6 states selected on the basis of differences in size, industry practices, regulatory environments, & number of investigations.

Real Estate Due Diligence

Real Estate Due Diligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mary Ann Hallenborg
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317934911
FileSize: 1779kb
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Real Estate Due Diligence by Mary Ann Hallenborg Summary

Real Estate Due Diligence is the first textbook on due diligence, the cornerstone of every successful real estate deal. Due diligence is designed to uncover potential risks posed by a real estate acquisition, financing, or development project and failure to carry it out successfully can result in costly oversights and diminished investment returns. This book demonstrates how to assess and manage legal risks on properties such as office buildings, shopping centres, industrial buildings, apartments, and hotels—before the transaction closes. Real estate students and practitioners are taken through all of the essential due diligence areas, including: Titles and ownership issues Zoning and land use Liens and mortgages Condition assessments Environmental and operational concerns And lease analysis Throughout the book, major laws and court cases are used to illustrate due diligence issues and provide rich opportunities for classroom study and discussion. Practice points and comprehensive due diligence checklists help readers to go on to put their learning in practice. This book fills a gap in the real estate literature and is perfect for use as a college textbook, a practitioner’s guide, or for industry training.

How Our Days Became Numbered

How Our Days Became Numbered Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dan Bouk
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022625920X
FileSize: 754kb
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How Our Days Became Numbered by Dan Bouk Summary

Long before the age of "Big Data" or the rise of today's "self-quantifiers," American capitalism embraced "risk"--and proceeded to number our days. Life insurers led the way, developing numerical practices for measuring individuals and groups, predicting their fates, and intervening in their futures. Emanating from the gilded boardrooms of Lower Manhattan and making their way into drawing rooms and tenement apartments across the nation, these practices soon came to change the futures they purported to divine. How Our Days Became Numbered tells a story of corporate culture remaking American culture--a story of intellectuals and professionals in and around insurance companies who reimagined Americans' lives through numbers and taught ordinary Americans to do the same. Making individuals statistical did not happen easily. Legislative battles raged over the propriety of discriminating by race or of smoothing away the effects of capitalism's fluctuations on individuals. Meanwhile, debates within companies set doctors against actuaries and agents, resulting in elaborate, secretive systems of surveillance and calculation. Dan Bouk reveals how, in a little over half a century, insurers laid the groundwork for the much-quantified, risk-infused world that we live in today. To understand how the financial world shapes modern bodies, how risk assessments can perpetuate inequalities of race or sex, and how the quantification and claims of risk on each of us continue to grow, we must take seriously the history of those who view our lives as a series of probabilities to be managed.

Investing in Life

Investing in Life Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sharon Ann Murphy
Editor: Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
ISBN: 0801899478
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Investing in Life by Sharon Ann Murphy Summary

A study of the early years of the life insurance industry in 19th century America. Investing in Life considers the creation and expansion of the American life insurance industry from its early origins in the 1810s through the 1860s and examines how its growth paralleled and influenced the emergence of the middle class. Using the economic instability of the period as her backdrop, Sharon Ann Murphy also analyzes changing roles for women; the attempts to adapt slavery to an urban, industrialized setting; the rise of statistical thinking; and efforts to regulate the business environment. Her research directly challenges the conclusions of previous scholars who have dismissed the importance of the earliest industry innovators while exaggerating clerical opposition to life insurance. Murphy examines insurance as both a business and a social phenomenon. She looks at how insurance companies positioned themselves within the marketplace, calculated risks associated with disease, intemperance, occupational hazard, and war, and battled fraud, murder, and suicide. She also discusses the role of consumers?their reasons for purchasing life insurance, their perceptions of the industry, and how their desires and demands shaped the ultimate product. Winner, Hagley Prize in Business History, Hagley Museum and Library and the Business History Conference Praise for Investing in Life “A well-written, well-argued book that makes a number of important contributions to the history of business and capitalism in antebellum America.” —Sean H. Vanatta, Common Place “An intriguing, instructive history of the establishment and development of the life insurance industry that reveals a good deal about changing social and commercial conditions in antebellum America . . . Highly recommended.” —Choice

The Future of European Property Law

The Future of European Property Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sjef Erp van,Arthur Salomons,Bram Akkermans
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3866539312
FileSize: 1339kb
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The Future of European Property Law by Sjef Erp van,Arthur Salomons,Bram Akkermans Summary

European integration has a growing impact on the property law systems of the EU Member States. The tensions which can be seen are considerably greater than in other areas of private law, given the technically complex and mandatory nature of property law. In this book current developments in European property law (particularly the Draft Common Frame of Reference) are analysed and evaluated, focussing on secured transactions and mortgage law. With contributions by academic and practicing lawyers, containing: Transfer of ownership and good faith acquisition: the rules in the Member States and in Book VIII of the DCFR Secured transactions and the DCFR Registration of intellectual property rights Trusts - from a Common and a Civil lawyer’s perspective The border area between property law and contract law: securities

The Financing of Catastrophe Risk

The Financing of Catastrophe Risk Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kenneth A. Froot
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226266257
FileSize: 1734kb
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The Financing of Catastrophe Risk by Kenneth A. Froot Summary

Is it possible that the insurance and reinsurance industries cannot handle a major catastrophe? Ten years ago, the notion that the overall cost of a single catastrophic event might exceed $10 billion was unthinkable. With ever increasing property-casualty risks and unabated growth in hazard-prone areas, insurers and reinsurers now envision the possibility of disaster losses of $50 to $100 billion in the United States. Against this backdrop, the capitalization of the insurance and reinsurance industries has become a crucial concern. While it remains unlikely that a single event might entirely bankrupt these industries, a big catastrophe could place firms under severe stress, jeopardizing both policy holders and investors and causing profound ripple effects throughout the U.S. economy. The Financing of Catastrophe Risk assembles an impressive roster of experts from academia and industry to explore the disturbing yet realistic assumption that a large catastrophic event is inevitable. The essays offer tangible means of both reassessing and raising the level of preparedness throughout the insurance and reinsurance industries.

Freaks of Fortune

Freaks of Fortune Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jonathan Levy
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674071123
FileSize: 991kb
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Freaks of Fortune by Jonathan Levy Summary

Until the nineteenth century, “risk” was a specialized term: it was the commodity exchanged in a marine insurance contract. Freaks of Fortune tells how the modern concept of risk emerged in the United States. Born on the high seas, risk migrated inland and became essential to the financial management of an inherently uncertain capitalist future.

The Myth of Capitalism

The Myth of Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jonathan Tepper
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119548144
FileSize: 1113kb
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The Myth of Capitalism by Jonathan Tepper Summary

The Myth of Capitalism tells the story of how America has gone from an open, competitive marketplace to an economy where a few very powerful companies dominate key industries that affect our daily lives. Digital monopolies like Google, Facebook and Amazon act as gatekeepers to the digital world. Amazon is capturing almost all online shopping dollars. We have the illusion of choice, but for most critical decisions, we have only one or two companies, when it comes to high speed Internet, health insurance, medical care, mortgage title insurance, social networks, Internet searches, or even consumer goods like toothpaste. Every day, the average American transfers a little of their pay check to monopolists and oligopolists. The solution is vigorous anti-trust enforcement to return America to a period where competition created higher economic growth, more jobs, higher wages and a level playing field for all. The Myth of Capitalism is the story of industrial concentration, but it matters to everyone, because the stakes could not be higher. It tackles the big questions of: why is the US becoming a more unequal society, why is economic growth anemic despite trillions of dollars of federal debt and money printing, why the number of start-ups has declined, and why are workers losing out.

Institutional Foundations of Impersonal Exchange

Institutional Foundations of Impersonal Exchange Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Benito Arruñada
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226028356
FileSize: 736kb
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Institutional Foundations of Impersonal Exchange by Benito Arruñada Summary

Governments and development agencies spend considerable resources building property and company registries to protect property rights. When these efforts succeed, owners feel secure enough to invest in their property and banks are able use it as collateral for credit. Similarly, firms prosper when entrepreneurs can transform their firms into legal entities and thus contract more safely. Unfortunately, developing registries is harder than it may seem to observers, especially in developed countries, where registries are often taken for granted. As a result, policies in this area usually disappoint. Benito Arruñada aims to avoid such failures by deepening our understanding of both the value of registries and the organizational requirements for constructing them. Presenting a theory of how registries strengthen property rights and reduce transaction costs, he analyzes the major trade-offs and proposes principles for successfully building registries in countries at different stages of development. Arruñada focuses on land and company registries, explaining the difficulties they face, including current challenges like the subprime mortgage crisis in the United States and the dubious efforts made in developing countries toward universal land titling. Broadening the account, he extends his analytical framework to other registries, including intellectual property and organized exchanges of financial derivatives. With its nuanced presentation of the theoretical and practical implications, Institutional Foundations of Impersonal Exchange significantly expands our understanding of how public registries facilitate economic growth.

Free Lunch

Free Lunch Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Cay Johnston
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101216514
FileSize: 552kb
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Free Lunch by David Cay Johnston Summary

The bestselling author of Perfectly Legal returns with a powerful new exposé How does a strong and growing economy lend itself to job uncertainty, debt, bankruptcy, and economic fear for a vast number of Americans? Free Lunch provides answers to this great economic mystery of our time, revealing how today's government policies and spending reach deep into the wallets of the many for the benefit of the wealthy few. Johnston cuts through the official version of events and shows how, under the guise of deregulation, a whole new set of regulations quietly went into effect-- regulations that thwart competition, depress wages, and reward misconduct. From how George W. Bush got rich off a tax increase to a $100 million taxpayer gift to Warren Buffett, Johnston puts a face on all of the dirty little tricks that business and government pull. A lot of people appear to be getting free lunches, but of course there's no such thing as a free lunch, and someone (you, the taxpayer) is picking up the bill. Johnston's many revelations include: How we ended up with the most expensive yet inefficient health-care system in the world How homeowners title insurance became a costly, deceitful, yet almost invisible oligopoly How our government gives hidden subsidies for posh golf courses How Paris Hilton's grandfather schemed to retake the family fortune from a charity for poor children How the Yankees and Mets owners will collect more than $1.3 billion in public funds In these instances and many more, Free Lunch shows how the lobbyists and lawyers representing the most powerful 0.1 percent of Americans manipulated our government at the expense of the other 99.9 percent. With his extraordinary reporting, vivid stories, and sharp analysis, Johnston reveals the forces that shape our everyday economic lives and shows us how we can finally make things better.

The Data Game

The Data Game Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Maier,Jennifer Imazeki
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317457552
FileSize: 739kb
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The Data Game by Mark Maier,Jennifer Imazeki Summary

This book introduces students to the collection, uses, and interpretation of statistical data in the social sciences. It would suit all social science introductory statistics and research methods courses. Separate chapters are devoted to data in the fields of demography, housing, health, education, crime, the economy, wealth, income, poverty, labor, business statistics, and public opinion polling, with a concluding chapter devoted to the common problem of ambiguity. Each chapter includes multiple case studies illustrating the controversies, overview of data sources including web sites, chapter summary and a set of case study questions designed to stimulate further thought.

Problems Surrounding the Mortgage Origination Process

Problems Surrounding the Mortgage Origination Process Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lauch Faircloth,Connie Mack
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788186899
FileSize: 1209kb
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Problems Surrounding the Mortgage Origination Process by Lauch Faircloth,Connie Mack Summary

Senate hearings on the Federal laws regarding buying a house. Witnesses: Janice Hix, Nat. Assoc. of Mortgage Brokers; Ron McCord, Amer. Mortgage & Investment Co. for the Mortgage Bankers Assoc. of Amer.; Russell Booth, Nat. Assoc. of Realtors; Joseph Parker, Jr., Parker Title Insurance Agency, Inc., for the Amer. Land Title Assoc.; Margot Saunders, Nat. Consumer Law Center; Michelle Meier, Consumers Union; Laurence Meyer & Griffith Garwood, member, Board of Governors of the Fed. Reserve System, & Nicolas Retsinas, U.S. Dept. of Housing & Urban Development, accompanied by Sarah Rosen.

Essentials of Real Estate Law

Essentials of Real Estate Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: C. Kerry Fields,Fields, Kevin C.
Editor: Wolters Kluwer
ISBN: 1454881143
FileSize: 1914kb
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Essentials of Real Estate Law by C. Kerry Fields,Fields, Kevin C. Summary

This new text is a practical paralegal text with solid pedagogy and excellent teaching support. This clearly organized text includes all the topics needed in an accessible format, focusing on what paralegals need to know using a practical, non-theory based approach. The logical, three-part organization takes students through the process of purchasing and managing real estate, and the clear, modular chapter organization makes this book easy to tailor to different course configurations. The book begins with coverage of Real Property Interests, followed by Purchasing, Financing, and Conveying Real Estate, and concluding with Owning and Operating Real Estate. In addition, excellent pedagogy enhances the well-written textual explanations and thoughtful Review Questions, Practice Problems, and Chapter Assignments encourage students to apply the concepts learned. Features: Practical, non-theoretical, and contemporary approach specifically designed with paralegal instructors in mind Developed to compete head-to-head with Hinkel, the longentrenched leader in this market. Modular organization makes it easy to reorganize the text to fit the format of different courses. Each chapter features learning objectives, chapter outlines and introductions, and marginal definitions. A wealth of forms and practical examples are included in every chapter. Helpful pedagogy and a comprehensive teaching package designed to make class preparation as easy as possible