The Doctrine Of Chances

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The Doctrine of Chances

The Doctrine of Chances Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540787839
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The Doctrine of Chances by , Summary

Three centuries ago Montmort and De Moivre published two books on probability theory emphasizing its most important application at that time, games of chance. This book, on the probabilistic aspects of gambling, is a modern version of those classics.

The Doctrine of Chances

The Doctrine of Chances Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A.De Moivre
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136228535
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The Doctrine of Chances by A.De Moivre Summary

First Published in 1967. In the year 1716 Abraham de Moivre published his Doctrine of Chances, in which the subject of Mathematical Probability took several long strides forward. Includes a series of problems of progressive interest, followed by full solutions and an afterword by H.M. Walker.

Abraham De Moivre

Abraham De Moivre Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David R. Bellhouse
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439865787
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Abraham De Moivre by David R. Bellhouse Summary

Extensively researched, this book traces the life and work of Abraham De Moivre as well as the state of probability and statistics in eighteenth-century Britain. It is the first extensive biography of De Moivre and is based on recently discovered material and translations, including some of De Moivre’s letters. The book begins with discussions on De Moivre’s early life in France and his initial work in pure mathematics with some excursions into celestial mechanics. It then describes his fundamental contributions to probability theory and applications, including those in finance and actuarial science. The author explores how De Moivre’s wide network of personal and professional connections often motivated his research. The book also covers De Moivre’s contemporaries and his impact on the field. Written in a clear, approachable style, this biography will appeal to historians and practitioners of the art of probability and statistics in a wide range of applications, including finance and actuarial science.

Dispositions

Dispositions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: R. Tuomela
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401712824
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Dispositions by R. Tuomela Summary

This anthology consists of a collection of papers on the nature of dis positions and the role of disposition concepts in scientific theories. I have tried to make the collection as representative as possible, except that problems specifically connected with dispositions in various special sciences are relatively little discussed. Most of these articles have been previously published. The papers by Mackie, Essler and Trapp, Fetzer (in Section 11), Levi, and Tuomela appear here for the first time, and are simultaneously published in Synthese 34, No. 4, which is a special issue on dispositions. Of the previously published material it should be emphasized that the papers by Hempel and Fisk have been extensively revised specially for this anthology. The papers are grouped in four sections, partlyon the basis of their content. However, due to the complexity of the issues involved, there is considerable overlap in content between the different sections, especially between Sections land 11. I wish to thank Professors James Fetzer and Carl G. Hempel for helpful advicc in compiling this anthology.

A History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications before 1750

A History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications before 1750 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anders Hald
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047172517X
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A History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications before 1750 by Anders Hald Summary

WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. From the Reviews of History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications before 1750 "This is a marvelous book . . . Anyone with the slightest interest in the history of statistics, or in understanding how modern ideas have developed, will find this an invaluable resource." –Short Book Reviews of ISI

Chance, Love, and Logic

Chance, Love, and Logic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles S. Peirce
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317830938
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Chance, Love, and Logic by Charles S. Peirce Summary

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Illustrations of the Logic of Science

Illustrations of the Logic of Science Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles Sanders Peirce
Editor: Open Court
ISBN: 0812698525
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Illustrations of the Logic of Science by Charles Sanders Peirce Summary

Charles Peirce’s Illustrations of the Logic of Science is an early work in the philosophy of science and the official birthplace of pragmatism. It contains Peirce’s two most influential papers: “The Fixation of Belief” and “How to Make Our Ideas Clear,” as well as discussions on the theory of probability, the ground of induction, the relation between science and religion, and the logic of abduction. Unsatisfied with the result and driven by a constant, almost feverish urge to improve his work, Peirce spent considerable time and effort revising these papers. After the turn of the century these efforts gained significant momentum when Peirce sought to establish his role in the development of pragmatism while distancing himself from the more popular versions that had become current. The present edition brings together the original series as it appeared in Popular Science Monthly and a selection of Peirce’s later revisions, many of which remained hidden in the mass of messy manuscripts that were left behind after his death in 1914.

A History of Inverse Probability

A History of Inverse Probability Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew I. Dale
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468404156
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A History of Inverse Probability by Andrew I. Dale Summary

It is thought as necessary to write a Preface before a Book, as it is judged civil, when you invite a Friend to Dinner, to proffer him a Glass of Hock beforehand for a Whet. John Arbuthnot, from the preface to his translation of Huygens's "De Ratiociniis in Ludo Alooe". Prompted by an awareness of the importance of Bayesian ideas in modern statistical theory and practice, I decided some years ago to undertake a study of the development and growth of such ideas. At the time it seemed appropriate to begin such an investigation with an examination of Bayes's Essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances and Laplace's Theorie analytique des probabilites, and then to pass swiftly on to a brief consideration of other nineteenth century works before turning to what would be the main topic of the treatise, videlicet the rise of Bayesian statis tics from the 1950's to the present day. It soon became apparent, however, that the amount of Bayesian work published was such that a thorough investigation of the topic up to the 1980's would require several volumes - and also run the risk of incurring the wrath of extant authors whose writings would no doubt be misrepre sented, or at least be so described. It seemed wise, therefore, to restrict the period and the subject under study in some way, and I decided to con centrate my attention on inverse probability from Thomas Bayes to Karl Pearson.

Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940

Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ivor Grattan-Guinness
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080457444
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Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940 by Ivor Grattan-Guinness Summary

This book contains around 80 articles on major writings in mathematics published between 1640 and 1940. All aspects of mathematics are covered: pure and applied, probability and statistics, foundations and philosophy. Sometimes two writings from the same period and the same subject are taken together. The biography of the author(s) is recorded, and the circumstances of the preparation of the writing are given. When the writing is of some lengths an analytical table of its contents is supplied. The contents of the writing is reviewed, and its impact described, at least for the immediate decades. Each article ends with a bibliography of primary and secondary items. First book of its kind Covers the period 1640-1940 of massive development in mathematics Describes many of the main writings of mathematics Articles written by specialists in their field

Utility and Probability

Utility and Probability Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Eatwell,Murray Milgate,Peter Newman
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1349205680
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Utility and Probability by John Eatwell,Murray Milgate,Peter Newman Summary

This is an excerpt from the 4-volume dictionary of economics, a reference book which aims to define the subject of economics today. 1300 subject entries in the complete work cover the broad themes of economic theory. This extract concentrates on utility and probability.

A History of Parametric Statistical Inference from Bernoulli to Fisher, 1713-1935

A History of Parametric Statistical Inference from Bernoulli to Fisher, 1713-1935 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anders Hald
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387464093
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A History of Parametric Statistical Inference from Bernoulli to Fisher, 1713-1935 by Anders Hald Summary

This book offers a detailed history of parametric statistical inference. Covering the period between James Bernoulli and R.A. Fisher, it examines: binomial statistical inference; statistical inference by inverse probability; the central limit theorem and linear minimum variance estimation by Laplace and Gauss; error theory, skew distributions, correlation, sampling distributions; and the Fisherian Revolution. Lively biographical sketches of many of the main characters are featured throughout, including Laplace, Gauss, Edgeworth, Fisher, and Karl Pearson. Also examined are the roles played by DeMoivre, James Bernoulli, and Lagrange.

Luck, Logic, and White Lies

Luck, Logic, and White Lies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jörg Bewersdorff
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000372073
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Luck, Logic, and White Lies by Jörg Bewersdorff Summary

Praise for the First Edition "Luck, Logic, and White Lies teaches readers of all backgrounds about the insight mathematical knowledge can bring and is highly recommended reading among avid game players, both to better understand the game itself and to improve one’s skills." – Midwest Book Review "The best book I've found for someone new to game math is Luck, Logic and White Lies by Jörg Bewersdorff. It introduces the reader to a vast mathematical literature, and does so in an enormously clear manner. . ." – Alfred Wallace, Musings, Ramblings, and Things Left Unsaid "The aim is to introduce the mathematics that will allow analysis of the problem or game. This is done in gentle stages, from chapter to chapter, so as to reach as broad an audience as possible . . . Anyone who likes games and has a taste for analytical thinking will enjoy this book." – Peter Fillmore, CMS Notes Luck, Logic, and White Lies: The Mathematics of Games, Second Edition considers a specific problem—generally a game or game fragment and introduces the related mathematical methods. It contains a section on the historical development of the theories of games of chance, and combinatorial and strategic games. This new edition features new and much refreshed chapters, including an all-new Part IV on the problem of how to measure skill in games. Readers are also introduced to new references and techniques developed since the previous edition. Features Provides a uniquely historical perspective on the mathematical underpinnings of a comprehensive list of games Suitable for a broad audience of differing mathematical levels. Anyone with a passion for games, game theory, and mathematics will enjoy this book, whether they be students, academics, or game enthusiasts Covers a wide selection of topics at a level that can be appreciated on a historical, recreational, and mathematical level. Jörg Bewersdorff (1958) studied mathematics from 1975 to 1982 at the University of Bonn and earned his PhD in 1985. In the same year, he started his career as game developer and mathematician. He served as the general manager of the subsidiaries of Gauselmann AG for more than two decades where he developed electronic gaming machines, automatic payment machines, and coin-operated Internet terminals. Dr. Bewersdorff has authored several books on Galois theory (translated in English and Korean), mathematical statistics, and object-oriented programming with JavaScript.

Liars

Liars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cass R. Sunstein
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197545122
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Liars by Cass R. Sunstein Summary

A powerful analysis of why lies and falsehoods spread so rapidly now, and how we can reform our laws and policies regarding speech to alleviate the problem. Lying has been with us from time immemorial. Yet today is different-and in many respects worse. All over the world, people are circulating damaging lies, and these falsehoods are amplified as never before through powerful social media platforms that reach billions. Liars are saying that COVID-19 is a hoax. They are claiming that vaccines cause autism. They are lying about public officials and about people who aspire to high office. They are lying about their friends and neighbors. They are trying to sell products on the basis of untruths. Unfriendly governments, including Russia, are circulating lies in order to destabilize other nations, including the United Kingdom and the United States. In the face of those problems, the renowned legal scholar Cass Sunstein probes the fundamental question of how we can deter lies while also protecting freedom of speech. To be sure, we cannot eliminate lying, nor should we try to do so. Sunstein shows why free societies must generally allow falsehoods and lies, which cannot and should not be excised from democratic debate. A main reason is that we cannot trust governments to make unbiased judgments about what counts as "fake news." However, governments should have the power to regulate specific kinds of falsehoods: those that genuinely endanger health, safety, and the capacity of the public to govern itself. Sunstein also suggests that private institutions, such as Facebook and Twitter, have a great deal of room to stop the spread of falsehoods, and they should be exercising their authority far more than they are now doing. As Sunstein contends, we are allowing far too many lies, including those that both threaten public health and undermine the foundations of democracy itself.

YOUCAT

YOUCAT Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christoph Cardinal Schoenborn
Editor: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 1681496410
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YOUCAT by Christoph Cardinal Schoenborn Summary

To learn more about YOUCAT at the special website for it - click here YOUCAT is short for Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church, which was launched on World Youth Day, 2011. Developed with the help of young Catholics and written for high-school age people and young adults, YOUCAT is an accessible, contemporary expression of the Catholic Faith. The appealing graphic format includes Questions-and-Answers, highly-readable commentary, summary definitions of key terms, Bible citations and inspiring and thought-provoking quotes from Saints and others in the margins. What's more, YOUCAT is keyed to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, so people can go deeper. It explains: What Catholics believe and why (doctrine)How Catholics celebrate the mysteries of the faith (sacraments)How Catholics are to live (moral life)How they should pray (prayer and spirituality) The questions are direct and honest, even at times tough; the answers straightforward, relevant, and compelling. YOUCAT will likely become the "go-to" place for young people to learn the truth about the Catholic faith. Illustrated.

Thomas Harriot's Artis Analyticae Praxis

Thomas Harriot's Artis Analyticae Praxis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Muriel Seltman,Robert Goulding
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387495126
FileSize: 1346kb
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Thomas Harriot's Artis Analyticae Praxis by Muriel Seltman,Robert Goulding Summary

This is the first English translation of Thomas Harriot’s seminal Artis Analyticae Praxis, first published in Latin in 1631. It has recently become clear that Harriot's editor substantially rearranged the work, and omitted sections beyond his comprehension. Commentary included with this translation relates to corresponding pages in the manuscript papers, enabling exploration of Harriot's novel and advanced mathematics. This publication provides the basis for a reassessment of the development of algebra.

The Invention of Physical Science

The Invention of Physical Science Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M.J. Nye,J. Richards,R. Stuewer
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401124884
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The Invention of Physical Science by M.J. Nye,J. Richards,R. Stuewer Summary

Modern physical science is constituted by specialized scientific fields rooted in experimental laboratory work and in rational and mathematical representations. Contemporary scientific explanation is rigorously differentiated from religious interpretation, although, to be sure, scientists sometimes do the philosophical work of interpreting the metaphysics of space, time, and matter. However, it is rare that either theologians or philosophers convincingly claim that they are doing the scientific work of physical scientists and mathematicians. The rigidity of these divisions and differentiations is relatively new. Modern physical science was invented slowly and gradually through interactions of the aims and contents of mathematics, theology, and natural philosophy since the seventeenth century. In essays ranging in focus from seventeenth-century interpretations of heavenly comets to twentieth-century explanations of tracks in bubble chambers, ten historians of science demonstrate metaphysical and theological threads continuing to underpin the epistemology and practice of the physical sciences and mathematics, even while they became disciplinary specialties during the last three centuries. The volume is prefaced by tributes to Erwin N. Hiebert, whose teaching and scholarship have addressed and inspired attention to these issues.

Most Honourable Remembrance

Most Honourable Remembrance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew I. Dale
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387215611
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Most Honourable Remembrance by Andrew I. Dale Summary

"Interesting and useful as all this will be for anyone interested in knowing more about Bayes, this is just part of the riches contained in this book . . . Beyond doubt this book is a work of the highest quality in terms of the scholarship it displays, and should be regarded as a must for every mathematical library." --MAA ONLINE

Aristotle's Concept of Chance

Aristotle's Concept of Chance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Dudley
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438432283
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Aristotle's Concept of Chance by John Dudley Summary

The first exhaustive study of Aristotle's concept of chance.

On Liberty

On Liberty Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Stuart Mill,General Press
Editor: GENERAL PRESS
ISBN: 9391181112
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On Liberty by John Stuart Mill,General Press Summary

On Liberty is the English philosopher John Stuart Mill's classic critique of the ethical limits of governmental authority, and remains one of the most influential philosophical treatises ever written. In this 1859 philosophical treatise, the concept of personal liberty went without codification until the publication of this enduring work which applies an ethical system of utilitarianism to society and the state which to this day remains well known and studied. Mill starts with a brief overview of the meaning of liberty and proffers his basic argument in favor of liberty for the individual, to the degree that it harms no one else. The value of liberty of opinion and liberty of action are set forth in two chapters. Emphasizing the importance of individuality versus the “tyranny of the majority,” he highlights the positive effects of liberty on all people and on society, as freedom enables progress and prevents social stagnation. Expounding on society, Mills discusses the appropriate level of authority that society ought to have over the individual and the obligation of that society to protect people who are incapable of exercising their own liberty. Finally, he offers particular examples and applications of his theory, in order to clarify the meaning of his claims.

The Doctrine of the Greek Article

The Doctrine of the Greek Article Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas F. Middleton
Editor: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1597522236
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The Doctrine of the Greek Article by Thomas F. Middleton Summary