The Illusion Of Civil Society

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The Illusion of Civil Society

The Illusion of Civil Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271035994
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The Illusion of Civil Society by , Summary

Much has been written about how civil society challenges authoritarian governments and helps lead the way to democratization. These studies show that neoliberal economic policies have harmed many sectors of society, weakening the state and undermining clientelistic relationships that previously provided material benefits to middle- and low-income citizens, who are then motivated to organize coalitions to work for greater social justice and equality. Recognizing this important role played by civil society organizations, Jon Shefner goes further and analyzes the variegated nature of the interests represented in these coalitions, arguing that the differences among civil society actors are at least as important as their similarities in explaining how they function and what success, or lack thereof, they have experienced. Through an ethnographic examination extending over a decade, Shefner tells the story of how a poor community on the urban fringe of Guadalajara mobilized through an organization called the Unión de Colonos Independientes (UCI) to work for economic improvement with the support of Jesuits inspired by liberation theology. Yet Mexico’s successful formal democratic transition, won with the elections in 2000, was followed by the dissolution of the coalition. Neither political access for the urban poor, nor their material well-being, has increased with democratization. The unity and even the concept of civil society has thus turned out to be an illusion.

The Illusion of Civil Society

The Illusion of Civil Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jon Shefner
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271076399
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The Illusion of Civil Society by Jon Shefner Summary

Much has been written about how civil society challenges authoritarian governments and helps lead the way to democratization. These studies show that neoliberal economic policies have harmed many sectors of society, weakening the state and undermining clientelistic relationships that previously provided material benefits to middle- and low-income citizens, who are then motivated to organize coalitions to work for greater social justice and equality. Recognizing this important role played by civil society organizations, Jon Shefner goes further and analyzes the variegated nature of the interests represented in these coalitions, arguing that the differences among civil society actors are at least as important as their similarities in explaining how they function and what success, or lack thereof, they have experienced. Through an ethnographic examination extending over a decade, Shefner tells the story of how a poor community on the urban fringe of Guadalajara mobilized through an organization called the Unión de Colonos Independientes (UCI) to work for economic improvement with the support of Jesuits inspired by liberation theology. Yet Mexico’s successful formal democratic transition, won with the elections in 2000, was followed by the dissolution of the coalition. Neither political access for the urban poor, nor their material well-being, has increased with democratization. The unity and even the concept of civil society has thus turned out to be an illusion.

The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union

The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sverker Gustavsson,Christer Karlsson,Thomas Persson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113522059X
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The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union by Sverker Gustavsson,Christer Karlsson,Thomas Persson Summary

This book examines accountability in the EU from different perspectives and considers whether EU citizens have real opportunities for holding decision-makers accountable. This book critically analyses five arguments which claim there are sufficient means for holding decision-makers to account in the Union. The main conclusion is that the current institutional set-up and practice of decision-making in the EU is one that merely creates an illusion of accountability. Using a strict framework focusing on the difference between formal mechanisms and actual opportunities for accountability, this highly coherent volume will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, especially those interested in the democratic foundations of the European political system. Chapter 1 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9780415480994_oachapter1.pdf

The Illusion of the Free Press

The Illusion of the Free Press Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Charney
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509908889
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The Illusion of the Free Press by John Charney Summary

This book explores the relationship between truth and freedom in the free press. It argues that the relationship is problematic because the free press implies a competition between plural ideas, whereas truth is univocal. Based on this tension the book claims that the idea of a free press is premised on an epistemological illusion. This illusion enables society to maintain that the world it perceives through the press corresponds to the world as it actually exists, explaining why defenders of the free press continue to rely on its capacity to discover the truth, despite economic conditions and technological innovations undermining much of its independence. The book invites the reader to reconsider the philosophical foundations, constitutional justifications, and structure and functions of the free press, and whether the institution can, in fact, realise both freedom and truth. It will be of great interest to anyone concerned in the role and value of the free press in the modern world.

Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time)

Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Amartya Sen
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393243192
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Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time) by Amartya Sen Summary

“One of the few world intellectuals on whom we may rely to make sense out of our existential confusion.”—Nadine Gordimer In this sweeping philosophical work, Amartya Sen proposes that the murderous violence that has riven our society is driven as much by confusion as by inescapable hatred. Challenging the reductionist division of people by race, religion, and class, Sen presents an inspiring vision of a world that can be made to move toward peace as firmly as it has spiraled in recent years toward brutality and war.

ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society

ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kelly Gerard
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137359471
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ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society by Kelly Gerard Summary

This book offers an innovative framework for understanding the role of civil society in regional and global policymaking. Using political economy analysis, Gerard demonstrates that ASEAN's people-oriented agenda builds legitimacy, while sidelining its detractors.

Multistakeholder Governance and Democracy

Multistakeholder Governance and Democracy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harris Gleckman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351384759
FileSize: 504kb
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Multistakeholder Governance and Democracy by Harris Gleckman Summary

Multistakeholder governance is proposed as the way forward in global governance. For some leaders in civil society and government who are frustrated with the lack of power of the UN system and multilateralism it is seen as an attractive alternative; others, particularly in the corporate world, see multistakeholder governance as offering a more direct hand and potentially a legitimate role in national and global governance. This book examines how the development of multistakeholderism poses a challenge to multilateralism and democracy. Using a theoretical, historical perspective it describes how the debate on global governance evolved and what working principles of multilateralism are under threat. From a sociological perspective, the book identifies the organizational beliefs of multistakeholder groups and the likely change in the roles that leaders in government, civil society, and the private sector will face as they evolve into potential global governors. From a practical perspective, the book addresses the governance issues which organizations and individuals should assess before deciding to participate in or support a particular multistakeholder group. Given the current emphasis on the participation of multiple actors in the Sustainable Development Goals, this book will have wide appeal across policy-making and professional sectors involved in negotiations and governance at all levels. It will also be essential reading for students studying applied governance.

Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze

Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gabi Waibel,Judith Ehlert,Hart N. Feuer
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134634293
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Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze by Gabi Waibel,Judith Ehlert,Hart N. Feuer Summary

As developing countries with recent histories of isolation and extreme poverty, followed by restoration and reform, both Cambodia and Vietnam have seen new opportunities and demands for non-state actors to engage in and manage the effects of rapid socio-economic transformation. This book examines how in both countries, civil society actors and the state manage their relationship to one another in an environment that is continuously shaped and (re)constructed by changing legislation, collaboration and negotiation, advocacy and protest, and social control. Further, it explores the countries’ divergent experiences whilst also uncovering the underlying basis and drivers of civil society activity that are shared by Cambodia and Vietnam. Crucially, this book engages with the contested nature of civil society and how it is socially constructed through research and development activities, by looking at contemporary discourses and manifestations of civil society in the two countries, including national and community-level organisations, associations, and networks that operate in a variety of sectors, such as gender, the environment and health. Drawing on extensive fieldwork conducted in Cambodia and Vietnam, this book will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Southeast Asian studies, Southeast Asian politics, development studies and civil society.

The Hungarian Patient

The Hungarian Patient Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Krasztev,Jon Van Til
Editor: Central European University Press
ISBN: 6155053081
FileSize: 1188kb
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The Hungarian Patient by Peter Krasztev,Jon Van Til Summary

This book presents compelling essays by leading Hungarian and foreign authors on the variety of social movements and parties that seek influence and power in a Hungary mired in deep and manifold crisis. The main question the volume tries to answer is: what can we expect after the fall of the semi-authoritarian Orb n regime in Hungary.ÿ Who will be the new players?ÿ What are their backgrounds? What are their political and social ideals, intentions and methods? The studies in the first section of the volume provide the reader with the reasons of the emergence of these new movements: a deep analysis of the historical, political and cultural background of the current situation. The second part contains essays and case studies which challenge the movements and parties involved to look beyond their current ineffectiveness, and to find ways of meeting the challenges that would allow them to exercise responsible and effective leadership in their time and place. This collection would be the first of the kind both in the field of movement theory/history and democracy studies because it reflects on very recent developments not researched in the international scholarly literature. One would not be able to understand contemporary Hungarian society without reading it before the 2014 elections.

Civil Society in China

Civil Society in China Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Timothy Brook,B. Michael Frolic
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317474376
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Civil Society in China by Timothy Brook,B. Michael Frolic Summary

The concept of civil society was borrowed from 18th-century Europe to provide a framework for understanding the transition to post-authoritarian regimes in Latin America and post-communist regimes elsewhere. This book asks whether this concept is useful for analyzing China.

News and Civil Society

News and Civil Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jen Birks
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131708764X
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News and Civil Society by Jen Birks Summary

Civil Society has not been more relevant as a concept and a practice since the fall of communism in Eastern Europe. Global events from Tahir Square to Wall St have brought a new relevance and urgency to questions about the boundaries of legitimate dissent and public order policing, the meaning of tolerance in the context of conflicting rights claims, and how we can agree on the shared values of the ’good society’. This timely book examines the representation of civil society in news media, exploring the popular understanding of this contested space in relation to conflicting legitimating frames: as the neo-liberal Big Society, activist political participation, or postmodern apolitical tolerance. With close reference to prominent news stories, including the UK state visit of Pope Benedict XVI, anti-austerity protests and industrial action, police infiltration of the environmental movement, and the Occupy camp at St Paul’s Cathedral in London, News and Civil Society scrutinises different facets of contemporary civil society, civility and civic virtue. A cross-disciplinary engagement with questions of national identity and pluralism, civil liberties and dissent, power and accountability, this book will appeal to those with interests in media, journalism, sociology, citizenship and political studies.

Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies?

Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Smillie Ian,Solignac-Lecomte Henri-Bernard
Editor: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264019421
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Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies? by Smillie Ian,Solignac-Lecomte Henri-Bernard Summary

Partnership Forums are the means by which the OECD Development Assistance Committee provides a venue for non-governmental actors to express their points of view. This book presents the proceedings of the December 2000 Forum on Onwership and Partnership.

Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans

Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans Pdf/ePub eBook Author: V. Bojicic-Dzelilovic,J. Ker-Lindsay,D. Kostovicova
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137296259
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Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans by V. Bojicic-Dzelilovic,J. Ker-Lindsay,D. Kostovicova Summary

This book explores the ambiguous role played by civil society in the processes of state-building, democratization and post-conflict reconstruction in the Western Balkans challenging the assumption that civil society is always a force for good by analysing civil society actors and their effects in post-communist and post-conflict transition.

New Forms of Revolt

New Forms of Revolt Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sarah K. Hansen ,Rebecca Tuvel
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 143846522X
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New Forms of Revolt by Sarah K. Hansen ,Rebecca Tuvel Summary

Essays explore the significance of Julia Kristeva’s concept of intimate revolt for social and political philosophy. Over the last twenty years, French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist Julia Kristeva has explored how global crises threaten people’s ability to revolt. In a context of widespread war, deepening poverty, environmental catastrophes, and rising fundamentalisms, she argues that a revival of inner psychic experience is necessary and empowering. “Intimate revolt” has become a central concept in Kristeva’s critical repertoire, framing and permeating her understanding of power, meaning, and identity. New Forms of Revolt brings together ten essays on this aspect of Kristeva’s work, addressing contemporary social and political issues like immigration and cross-cultural encounters, colonial and postcolonial imaginations, racism and artistic representation, healthcare and social justice, the spectacle of global capitalism, and new media. “This book is important for Kristeva scholars, as it expands and deepens areas of her work that have been dismissed by her critics. Further, it links Kristeva’s philosophy to historical philosophers, contemporaries, and how her philosophy applies to pressing problems today. All of the essays are well done and valuable.” — Danielle Poe, author of Maternal Activism: Mothers Confronting Injustice

Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics

Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harry Brod
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429722729
FileSize: 844kb
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Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics by Harry Brod Summary

This valuable book makes a significant contribution to the current revival of interest in Hegel. Brod demonstrates the central unifying role the collective historical social consciousness plays in Hegel's thought. But far from leading to totalitarian conclusions, this emphasis upon the social actually leads Hegel toward a "third way" between the an

The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia

The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Katherine Brickell,Simon Springer
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317567838
FileSize: 936kb
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The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia by Katherine Brickell,Simon Springer Summary

Offering a comprehensive overview of the current situation in the country, The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia provides a broad coverage of social, cultural, political and economic development within both rural and urban contexts during the last decade. A detailed introduction places Cambodia within its global and regional frame, and the handbook is then divided into five thematic sections: Political and Economic Tensions Rural Developments Urban Conflicts Social Processes Cultural Currents The first section looks at the major political implications and tensions that have occurred in Cambodia, as well as the changing parameters of its economic profile. The handbook then highlights the major developments that are unfolding within the rural sphere, before moving on to consider how cities in Cambodia, and particularly Phnom Penh, have become primary sites of change. The fourth section covers the major processes that have shaped social understandings of the country, and how Cambodians have come to understand themselves in relation to each other and the outside world. Section five analyses the cultural dimensions of Cambodia’s current experience, and how identity comes into contact with and responds to other cultural themes. Bringing together a team of leading scholars on Cambodia, the handbook presents an understanding of how sociocultural and political economic processes in the country have evolved. It is a cutting edge and interdisciplinary resource for scholars and students of Southeast Asian Studies, as well as policymakers, sociologists and political scientists with an interest in contemporary Cambodia.

The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project

The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Olga Baysha
Editor: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739188038
FileSize: 978kb
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The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project by Olga Baysha Summary

Applying postcolonial, poststructural, and globalization theories to post-Soviet transformations, author Olga Baysha seeks to explain the gap between how the intellectuals and working people of the late USSR imagined marketization and democratization.

Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process

Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harry F. Dahms,Lawrence Hazelrigg
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781900353
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Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process by Harry F. Dahms,Lawrence Hazelrigg Summary

Emphasis is placed in Continental European social theory, and on the importance of political analyses to theorizing modern societies. This title focuses on dynamic processes that gave way to illuminate structural features of modern social life.

Philosophy and Revolution

Philosophy and Revolution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stathis Kouvelakis
Editor: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786635801
FileSize: 1972kb
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Philosophy and Revolution by Stathis Kouvelakis Summary

Throughout the nineteenth century, German philosophy was haunted by the specter of the French Revolution. Kant, Hegel and their followers spent their lives wrestling with its heritage, trying to imagine a specifically German path to modernity: a “revolution without revolution.” Trapped in a politically ossified society, German intellectuals were driven to brood over the nature of the revolutionary experience. In this ambitious and original study, Stathis Kouvelakis paints a rich panorama of the key intellectual and political figures in the effervescence of German thought before the 1848 revolutions. He shows how the attempt to chart a moderate, reformist path entered into crisis, generating two antagonistic perspectives within the progressive currents of German society. On the one side were those socialists—among them Moses Hess and the young Friedrich Engels—who sought to discover a principle of harmony in social relations, bypassing the question of revolutionary politics. On the other side, the poet Heinrich Heine and the young Karl Marx developed a new perspective, articulating revolutionary rupture, proletarian hegemony and struggle for democracy, thereby redefining the very notion of politics itself.

Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa

Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pietro Toggia,Pat Lauderdale
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351947443
FileSize: 1874kb
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Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa by Pietro Toggia,Pat Lauderdale Summary

Contemporary social life in the Horn of Africa is generally a state-orchestrated experience that terrorizes the majority of the people. This collection of carefully selected essays, explores the different aspects of the current crisis in the Horn region of Africa, where to marginalized indigenous groups the crisis materializes itself as social experiences of terror. The result is a far-reaching and important book which critically examines a state terror manifested in the violation of human rights, democracy, justice and freedom.