The Mathematics of Sex by Stephen J. Ceci,Wendy M. Williams

The Mathematics of Sex
  • Title : The Mathematics of Sex
  • Author : Stephen J. Ceci,Wendy M. Williams
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195389395
  • Pages : 270
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Even though women consistently receive better grades in math and science, men excel on math aptitude tests and are greatly overrepresented in the so-called hard sciences. The Mathematics of Sex explores why males are overrepresented in mathematically intensive professions such as physics, computer science, chemistry, mathematics, and engineering. Bringing together for the first time important research from such diverse fields as endocrinology, economics, sociology, education, genetics, and psychology, the authors show that two factors - the parenting choices women (but not men) have to make, and the tendency of bright women to choose people-oriented fields like medicine - largely account for the under-representation of women in the hard sciences. Further, research shows that biology itself - differences in hormones or brain organization - does not fully account for the problem. Compressing an enormous amount of information - over 400 studies - into a readable, engaging accountsuitable for parents, educators, and policymakers, this book advances the debate about women in science unlike any other book before it.


Science and the Production of Ignorance by Janet Kourany,Martin Carrier

Science and the Production of Ignorance
  • Title : Science and the Production of Ignorance
  • Author : Janet Kourany,Martin Carrier
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 0262538210
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An introduction to the new area of ignorance studies that examines how science produces ignorance—both actively and passively, intentionally and unintentionally. We may think of science as our foremost producer of knowledge, but for the past decade, science has also been studied as an important source of ignorance. The historian of science Robert Proctor has coined the term agnotology to refer to the study of ignorance, and much of the ignorance studied in this new area is produced by science. Whether an active or passive construct, intended or unintended, this ignorance is, in Proctor's words, “made, maintained, and manipulated” by science. This volume examines forms of scientific ignorance and their consequences. A dialogue between Proctor and Peter Galison offers historical context, presenting the concerns and motivations of pioneers in the field. Essays by leading historians and philosophers of science examine the active construction of ignorance by biased design and interpretation of experiments and empirical studies, as seen in the “false advertising” by climate change deniers; the “virtuous” construction of ignorance—for example, by curtailing research on race- and gender-related cognitive differences; and ignorance as the unintended by-product of choices made in the research process, when rules, incentives, and methods encourage an emphasis on the beneficial and commercial effects of industrial chemicals, and when certain concepts and even certain groups' interests are inaccessible in a given conceptual framework. Contributors Martin Carrier, Carl F. Cranor, Peter Galison, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Philip Kitcher, Janet Kourany, Hugh Lacey, Robert Proctor, Londa Schiebinger, Miriam Solomon, Torsten Wilholt


New Books on Women and Feminism by N.A

New Books on Women and Feminism
  • Title : New Books on Women and Feminism
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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New Books on Women, Gender and Feminism by N.A

New Books on Women, Gender and Feminism
  • Title : New Books on Women, Gender and Feminism
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The British National Bibliography by Arthur James Wells

The British National Bibliography
  • Title : The British National Bibliography
  • Author : Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : N.A
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  • Language : English
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Philosophy of Science after Feminism by Janet A. Kourany

Philosophy of Science after Feminism
  • Title : Philosophy of Science after Feminism
  • Author : Janet A. Kourany
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199889813
  • Pages : 168
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In this monograph Janet A. Kourany argues for a philosophy of science more socially engaged and socially responsible than the philosophy of science we have now. The central questions feminist scientists, philosophers, and historians have been raising about science during the last three decades form Kourany's point of departure and her response to these questions builds on their insights. This way of approaching science differs from mainstream philosophy of science in two crucial respects: it locates science within its wider societal context rather than treating science as if it existed in a social, political, and economic vacuum; and it points the way to a more comprehensive understanding of scientific rationality, one that integrates the ethical with the epistemic. Kourany develops her particular response, dubbed by her the ideal of socially responsible science, beyond the gender-related questions and contexts that form its origins and she defends it against a variety of challenges, epistemological, historical, sociological, economic, and political. She ends by displaying the important new directions philosophy of science can take and the impressive new roles philosophers of science can fill with the approach to science she offers.


Handbook of the Psychology of Science by Gregory J. Feist, PhD,Michael E. Gorman, PhD

Handbook of the Psychology of Science
  • Title : Handbook of the Psychology of Science
  • Author : Gregory J. Feist, PhD,Michael E. Gorman, PhD
  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • ISBN Code : 0826106242
  • Pages : 544
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators


Mathematics and Sex by Clio Cresswell

Mathematics and Sex
  • Title : Mathematics and Sex
  • Author : Clio Cresswell
  • Publisher : Allen & Unwin
  • ISBN Code : 1741151848
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Dabble in the beauty and wonder of mathematics as it contributes to a variety of fields including literature, biology, economics and of course psychology, where the mathematics of sex plays some unexpected roles.


The Best Writing on Mathematics 2011 by Mircea Pitici

The Best Writing on Mathematics 2011
  • Title : The Best Writing on Mathematics 2011
  • Author : Mircea Pitici
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0691153159
  • Pages : 383
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This anthology brings together the year's finest mathematics writing from around the world. Featuring promising new voices alongside some of the foremost names in the field, The Best Writing on Mathematics 2011 makes available to a wide audience many articles not easily found anywhere else--and you don't need to be a mathematician to enjoy them. These writings offer surprising insights into the nature, meaning, and practice of mathematics today. They delve into the history, philosophy, teaching, and everyday occurrences of math, and take readers behind the scenes of today's hottest mathematical debates. Here Ian Hacking discusses the salient features that distinguish mathematics from other disciplines of the mind; Doris Schattschneider identifies some of the mathematical inspirations of M. C. Escher's art; Jordan Ellenberg describes compressed sensing, a mathematical field that is reshaping the way people use large sets of data; Erica Klarreich reports on the use of algorithms in the job market for doctors; and much, much more. In addition to presenting the year's most memorable writings on mathematics, this must-have anthology includes a foreword by esteemed physicist and mathematician Freeman Dyson. This book belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in where math has taken us--and where it is headed.


Women's Education in Developing Countries by Elizabeth M. King,M. Anne Hill

Women's Education in Developing Countries
  • Title : Women's Education in Developing Countries
  • Author : Elizabeth M. King,M. Anne Hill
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 9780801858284
  • Pages : 337
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Why do women in most developing countries lag behind men in literacy? Why do women get less schooling than men? This anthology examines the educational decisions that deprive women of an equal education. It assembles the most up-to-date data, organized by region. Each paper links the data with other measures of economic and social development. This approach helps explain the effects different levels of education have on womens' fertility, mortality rates, life expectancy, and income. Also described are the effects of women's education on family welfare. The authors look at family size and women's labor status and earnings. They examine child and maternal health, as well as investments in children's education. Their investigation demonstrates that women with a better education enjoy greater economic growth and provide a more nurturing family life. It suggests that when a country denies women an equal education, the nation's welfare suffers. Current strategies used to improve schooling for girls and women are examined in detail. The authors suggest an ambitious agenda for educating women. It seeks to close the gender gap by the next century. Published for The World Bank by The Johns Hopkins University Press.


Women at Work by International Labour Office

Women at Work
  • Title : Women at Work
  • Author : International Labour Office
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9789221307952
  • Pages : 135
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Since the ILO's founding in 1919, gender equality and non-discrimination have been pillars of its mission to promote social justice through the world of work. As the Organization approaches its second century, it has chosen to focus on women at work as one of its centenary initiatives. Women at Work: Trends 2016 is a key contribution to these efforts and seeks to further the central goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report provides a picture of where women stand today in the world of work and how they have progressed over the past 20 years. It examines the global and regional labour market trend and gaps, including in labour force participation rates, employment-to-population rates and unemployment rates, as well as differences in the type and status in employment, hours spent in paid and unpaid work, sectoral segregation and gender gaps in wages and social protection. It also presents an in-depth analysis of the gender gaps in the quality of work and explores the key policy drivers for gender transformative change. The discussions and related recommendations focus on three main dimensions: sectoral and occupational segregation, the gender wage gap, and gaps in the policy framework for work and family integration.


Gender Differences in Mathematics by Ann M. Gallagher,James C. Kaufman

Gender Differences in Mathematics
  • Title : Gender Differences in Mathematics
  • Author : Ann M. Gallagher,James C. Kaufman
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781139443753
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Females consistently score lower than males on standardized tests of mathematics - yet no such differences exist in the classroom. These differences are not trivial, nor are they insignificant. Test scores help determine entrance to college and graduate school and therefore, by extension, a person's job and future success. If females receive lower test scores then they also receive fewer opportunities. Why does this discrepancy exist? This book presents a series of papers that address these issues by integrating the latest research findings and theories. Authors such as Diane Halpern, Jacquelynne Eccles, Beth Casey, Ronald Nuttal, James Byrnes, and Frank Pajares tackle these questions from a variety of perspectives. Many different branches of psychology are represented, including cognitive, social, personality/self-oriented, and psychobiological. The editors then present an integrative chapter that discusses the ideas presented and other areas that the field should explore.


Desire and Domestic Fiction by Nancy Armstrong

Desire and Domestic Fiction
  • Title : Desire and Domestic Fiction
  • Author : Nancy Armstrong
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199879036
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Desire and Domestic Fiction argues that far from being removed from historical events, novels by writers from Richardson to Woolf were themselves agents of the rise of the middle class. Drawing on texts that range from 18th-century female conduct books and contract theory to modern psychoanalytic case histories and theories of reading, Armstrong shows that the emergence of a particular form of female subjectivity capable of reigning over the household paved the way for the establishment of institutions which today are accepted centers of political power. Neither passive subjects nor embattled rebels, the middle-class women who were authors and subjects of the major tradition of British fiction were among the forgers of a new form of power that worked in, and through, their writing to replace prevailing notions of "identity" with a gender-determined subjectivity. Examining the works of such novelists as Samuel Richardson, Jane Austen, and the Bront?s, she reveals the ways in which these authors rewrite the domestic practices and sexual relations of the past to create the historical context through which modern institutional power would seem not only natural but also humane, and therefore to be desired.


Pink Ribbon Blues by Gayle A. Sulik

Pink Ribbon Blues
  • Title : Pink Ribbon Blues
  • Author : Gayle A. Sulik
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199933995
  • Pages : 440
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Updated with images and a new introduction on recent controversies"--Cover.


Visual-spatial Ability in STEM Education by Myint Swe Khine

Visual-spatial Ability in STEM Education
  • Title : Visual-spatial Ability in STEM Education
  • Author : Myint Swe Khine
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319443852
  • Pages : 263
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Each chapter in this book makes a unique contribution to the body of the literature and enhances the understanding of spatial ability and its influence on learning in the STEM disciplines. It addresses spatial abilities, ways to measure them as well as their impact and how they can affect learning subjects in scientific, technology and engineering domains. The volume deliberately covers a wide range perspectives from cognitive psychology, educational psychology, science, technology, engineering and mathematics, computer science, information technology disciplines to human development. Taking a broad view on the topic, chapters in the book discuss how to define spatial ability and its factors, the measurement of spatial ability and psychometric analyses, and educational strategies to improve spatial skills and their implications for science and technology education. The book thus provides an overview of current thinking about visual-spatial ability, spatial reasoning, and spatial skills.


Stat-Spotting by Joel Best

Stat-Spotting
  • Title : Stat-Spotting
  • Author : Joel Best
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 0520279980
  • Pages : 146
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This edition updates benchmarks, includes a new chapter on rhetoric, updated a few examples, and thoroughly updated the bibliography.


How People Learn by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

How People Learn
  • Title : How People Learn
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 0309131979
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.


The Company of Strangers by Paul Seabright

The Company of Strangers
  • Title : The Company of Strangers
  • Author : Paul Seabright
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780691118215
  • Pages : 304
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Explores how humans' evolved ability of abstract reasoning has allowed such institutions as money, markets, cities and the banking system to provide a foundation of social trust, in a revised edition that has a new chapter explaining how the rise and fall of social trust resulted in the financial crisis. Original.


Equity In Mathematics Education by Gabriele Kaiser

Equity In Mathematics Education
  • Title : Equity In Mathematics Education
  • Author : Gabriele Kaiser
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1135718911
  • Pages : 292
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This text provides a critical overview of current thinking about equity issues in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Grounded in feminist theories of curriculum change and a broad range of cultural perspectives, the new approaches described here go beyond "special programmes" and "experimental treatments" designed to correct perceived problems and deficits. Instead they establish how improved instructional practices and a fuller understanding of the nature of the mathematical enterprise can overcome the systemic obstacles that have thwarted women's participation in this important field.; This book will appeal to all those who are interested in the mathematical education of women, including teachers, parents, administrators and researchers.


UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. III, Abridged Edition by Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa

UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. III, Abridged Edition
  • Title : UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. III, Abridged Edition
  • Author : Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780520066984
  • Pages : 398
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The book first places Africa in the context of world history at the opening of the seventh century, before examining the general impact of Islamic penetration, the continuing expansion of the Bantu-speaking peoples, and the growth of civilizations in the Sudanic zones of West Africa"--Back cover.


The Fourth Wave by Jennifer Klot,Vinh-Kim Nguyen

The Fourth Wave
  • Title : The Fourth Wave
  • Author : Jennifer Klot,Vinh-Kim Nguyen
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code : 9789231041587
  • Pages : 534
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


Promoting Social Cohesion Through Education by Eluned Roberts-Schweitzer,Vincent Greaney,Kreszentia Duer

Promoting Social Cohesion Through Education
  • Title : Promoting Social Cohesion Through Education
  • Author : Eluned Roberts-Schweitzer,Vincent Greaney,Kreszentia Duer
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 0821364669
  • Pages : 166
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume has three foci - the rationale for considering how aspects of education can affect social cohesion; case studies that review particular country experiences with curricula and textbooks; and practical guidelines and applications to help countries improve areas of education.


The Power Threat Meaning Framework by Lucy Johnstone,Mary Boyle

The Power Threat Meaning Framework
  • Title : The Power Threat Meaning Framework
  • Author : Lucy Johnstone,Mary Boyle
  • Publisher : BPS Books
  • ISBN Code : 9781854337566
  • Pages : 138
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is an overview of The Power Threat Meaning Framework, which is a new perspective on why people sometimes experience a whole range of forms of distress, confusion, fear, despair, and troubled or troubling behaviour. It is an alternative to the more traditional models based on psychiatric diagnosis. It was co-produced with service users and applies not just to people who have been in contact with the mental health or criminal justice systems, but to all of us. The Framework summarises and integrates a great deal of evidence about the role of various kinds of power in people's lives; the kinds of threat that misuses of power pose to us; and the ways we have learned as human beings to respond to threat. In traditional mental health practice, these threat responses are sometimes called 'symptoms'. The Framework also looks at how we make sense of these difficult experiences, and how messages from wider society can increase our feelings of shame, self-blame, isolation, fear and guilt. This overview publication is structured as follows: Part 1: Summary of the PTM Framework, its core principles, purposes and scope. This brief summary orients the reader to the main features of the PTM Framework. Part 2: Summary of theory and research underpinning the PTM Framework. This briefly recaps some of the conclusions from the literature on the role of factors from various fields, including biological, psychological, social, political and cultural, in the origins and persistence of emotional distress and troubling behaviour. Part 3: The Power Threat Meaning Framework. This demonstrates how theory and research can be used to support a meta-approach, the Power Threat Meaning Framework. The relationship between the various elements of the PTM Framework is illustrated through the Foundational Power Threat Meaning Pattern. Part 4: Provisional General Patterns arising out of the Foundational Pattern. Some General Patterns that emerge from the Foundational Power Threat Meaning Pattern are outlined. These patterns can be used as a basis and resource for the co-construction of new personal and social narratives, as well as suggesting alternatives to diagnosis for service delivery/administrative/legal/service planning/research and related purposes. Part 5: Personal narratives within the Power Threat Meaning Framework. The role, purpose and possible formats of personal narratives within the PTM Framework are illustrated and discussed, along with options for non-medical language use.


Applications of Flow in Human Development and Education by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Applications of Flow in Human Development and Education
  • Title : Applications of Flow in Human Development and Education
  • Author : Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 9401790949
  • Pages : 494
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The third volume of the collected works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi covers his work on the application of flow in areas that go beyond the field of leisure where the concept was first applied. Based on his personal experience with schooling and learning, as well as that of many others and contrary to what Cicero claimed, Csikszentmihalyi arrived at the conclusion that instead of taking pride in making the roots of knowledge as bitter as possible, we should try to make them sweeter. Just as flow became a popular and useful concept in voluntary activities, it could likewise be applied in education with the end result of young people being more likely to continue learning not just because they have to but because they want to. This volume brings together a number of articles in which Csikszentmihalyi develops ideas about how to make education and more generally the process of learning to live a good life, more enjoyable. Since theory is the mother of good practice, the first eleven chapters are devoted to theoretical reflections. Some are general and explore what it means to be a human being, what it means to be a person, when we look at life from the perspective of flow. Others are more narrowly focused on such topics as consumption, education, teaching and learning. They help laypeople reflect how they can arrange their lives in such a way as to leave a small ecological footprint while getting the most enjoyment. The second section of the volume contains a dozen empirical articles on similar topics. They deal with the development of identity and self-worth; with the formation of goals and motivation; with loneliness and family life.


Women in Mathematics by Lynn M. Osen

Women in Mathematics
  • Title : Women in Mathematics
  • Author : Lynn M. Osen
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780262650090
  • Pages : 185
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Examines the lives and scholarly endeavors of women who have profoundly affected mathematical thought since antiquity


Equity and Development by Gudrun Kochendörfer-Lucius,Boris Pleskovic

Equity and Development
  • Title : Equity and Development
  • Author : Gudrun Kochendörfer-Lucius,Boris Pleskovic
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 0821361066
  • Pages : 214
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Inequality of opportunity, both within and among nations, sustains extreme deprivation, results in wasted human potential and often weakens prospects for overall prosperity and economic growth, concludes the 2006 World Development Report. To correct this situation and reduce poverty more effectively, Equity and Development recommends ensuring more equitable access by the poor to health care, education, jobs, capital, and secure land rights, among others. It also calls for greater equality of access to political freedoms and political power, breaking down stereotyping and discrimination, and improving access by the poor to justice systems and infrastructure. To level the playing field among countries, and thereby reduce global inequities that hurt the poor in developing countries, the report calls for removal of trade barriers in rich countries, flexibility to allow greater in-migration of lower-skilled people from developing countries, and increased -- and more effective -- development assistance.


Reform in School Mathematics and Authentic Assessment by Thomas A. Romberg

Reform in School Mathematics and Authentic Assessment
  • Title : Reform in School Mathematics and Authentic Assessment
  • Author : Thomas A. Romberg
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780791421611
  • Pages : 291
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Today new ways of thinking about learning call for new ways for monitoring learning. Reform in School Mathematics builds from the vision that assessment can become the bridge for instructional activity, accountability, and teacher development. It places teachers in key roles while developing the theme that we cannot reform the way in which school mathematics is taught without radically reforming the ways the effects of that teaching are monitored. Among others, this volume addresses the issues of the specification of performance standards, the development of authentic tasks, the measure of status and growth or a combination, the development of psychometric models, and the development of scoring rubrics. The new models proposed in this book give teachers a wealth of nontraditional assessment strategies and concrete ways to obtain measures of both group and individual differences in growth.


Stigma and Group Inequality by Shana Levin,Colette Van Laar

Stigma and Group Inequality
  • Title : Stigma and Group Inequality
  • Author : Shana Levin,Colette Van Laar
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • ISBN Code : 1135705275
  • Pages : 376
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book provides a snapshot of the latest theoretical and empirical work on social psychological approaches to stigma and group inequality. It focuses on the perspective of the stigmatized groups and discusses the effects of the stigma on the individual, the interacting partners, the groups to which they belong, and the relations between the groups. Broken into three major sections, Stigma and Group Inequality: *discusses the tradeoffs that stigmatized individuals must contend with as they weigh the benefits derived from a particular response to stigma against the costs associated with it; *explores the ways in which environments can threaten one's intellectual performance, sense of belonging, and self concept; and *argues that the experience of possessing a stigmatized identity is shaped by social interactions with others in the stigmatized group as well as members of other groups. Stigma and Group Inequality is a valuable resource for students and scholars in the fields of psychology, sociology, social work, anthropology, communication, public policy, and political science, particularly for courses on stigma, prejudice, and intergroup relations. The book is also accessible to teachers, administrators, community leaders, and concerned citizens who are trying to understand and improve the plight of stigmatized individuals in school, at work, at home, in the community, and in society at large.


The Boundaries of Humanity by James J. Sheehan,James John Sheehan,Morton Sosna

The Boundaries of Humanity
  • Title : The Boundaries of Humanity
  • Author : James J. Sheehan,James John Sheehan,Morton Sosna
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780520072077
  • Pages : 274
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"An excellent interdisciplinary collage . . . of considerable interest to philosophers, psychologists, computer scientists (of a theoretical stripe), sociologists, and others. . . . Rethinking our relationship to animals is very relevant, I believe, to thinking clearly about our current relationships to current (and future) machines."--Keith Gunderson, University of Minnesota


Towards Equity in Mathematics Education by Helen Forgasz,Ferdinand Rivera

Towards Equity in Mathematics Education
  • Title : Towards Equity in Mathematics Education
  • Author : Helen Forgasz,Ferdinand Rivera
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 3642277020
  • Pages : 598
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

​​This volume gathers together twenty major chapters that tackle a variety of issues associated with equity in mathematics education along the dimensions of gender, culture, curriculum diversity, and matters of a biological nature. The pursuit of equity in mathematics education is an important concern in the history of the present. Since there is no doubt about the significant role of mathematics in almost every aspect of life, it means that all individuals regardless of sex, in any age range, and in whatever context need to be provided with an opportunity to become mathematically able. The publication of this Springer volume on equity in mathematics education is situated at a time when there is strong and sustained research evidence indicating the persistence of an equity gap in mathematics, which has now enabled the mathematics education community to engage in a discourse of access for all. The research studies that are reported and discussed in the volume have been drawn from an international group of distinguished scholars whose impressive, forward-looking, and thought-provoking perspectives on relevant issues incite, broaden, and expand complicated conversations on how we might effectively achieve equity in mathematics education at the local, institutional, and systemic levels. Further, the up-to-date research knowledge in the field that is reflected in this volume provides conceptual and practical outlines for mechanisms of change, including models, examples, and usable theories that can inform the development of powerful equitable practices and the mobilization of meaningful equity interventions in different contexts of mathematics education.​


What Kind of World are We Leaving Our Children? by Amadou Mahtar M'Bow,Unesco

What Kind of World are We Leaving Our Children?
  • Title : What Kind of World are We Leaving Our Children?
  • Author : Amadou Mahtar M'Bow,Unesco
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Student Attitudes, Student Anxieties, and How to Address Them by Helge Kastrup,Jeffry V. Mallow

Student Attitudes, Student Anxieties, and How to Address Them
  • Title : Student Attitudes, Student Anxieties, and How to Address Them
  • Author : Helge Kastrup,Jeffry V. Mallow
  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1681742667
  • Pages : 89
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is based on a commitment to teaching science to everybody. What may work for training professional scientists does not work for general science education. Students bring to the classrooms preconceived attitudes, as well as the emotional baggage called ""science anxiety."" Students may regard science as cold, unfriendly, and even inherently hostile and biased against women. This book has been designed to deal with each of these issues and results from research in both Denmark and the United States. The first chapter discusses student attitudes towards science and the second discusses science anxiety. The connection between the two is discussed before the introduction of constructivism as a pedagogy that can aid science learning if it also addresses attitudes and anxieties. Much of the book elucidates what the authors have learned as science teachers and science education researchers. They studied various groups including university students majoring in the sciences, mathematics, humanities, social sciences, business, nursing, and eduction; high school students; teachers' seminary students; science teachers at all levels from middle school through college; and science administrators. The insights of these groups constitute the most important feature of the book, and by sharing them, the authors hope to help their fellow science teachers to understand student attitudes about science, to recognize the connections between these and science anxiety, and to see how a pedagogy that takes these into account can improve science learning.


International Handbook of Educational Policy by Nina Bascia,Alister Cumming,Amanda Datnow,Kenneth Leithwood,David Livingstone

International Handbook of Educational Policy
  • Title : International Handbook of Educational Policy
  • Author : Nina Bascia,Alister Cumming,Amanda Datnow,Kenneth Leithwood,David Livingstone
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9781402032011
  • Pages : 1116
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Nina Bascia, Alister Cumming, Amanda Datnow, Kenneth Leithwood and David Livingstone This Handbook presents contemporary and emergent trends in educational policy research, in over ?fty chapters written by nearly ninety leading researchers from a number of countries. It is organized into ?ve broad sections which capture many of the current dominant educational policy foci and at the same time situate current understandings historically, in terms of both how they are conceptualized and in terms of past policy practice. The chapters themselves are empirically grounded, providing illustrations of the conceptual implications c- tained within them as well as allowing for comparisons across them. The se- re?exivity within chapters with respect to jurisdictional particularities and c- trasts allows readers to consider not only a range of approaches to policy analysis but also the ways in which policies and policy ideas play out in di?erent times and places. The sections move from a focus on prevailing policy tendencies through increasingly critical and ‘‘outsider’’ perspectives on policy. They address, in turn, the contemporary strategic emphasis on large-scale reform; substantive emphases at several levels – on leadership and governance, improving teacher quality and conceptualizing learning in various domains around the notion of literacies and concluding, ?nally, with a contrasting topic, workplace learning, which has had less policy attention and thus allows readers to consider both the advantages and disadvantages of learning and teaching under the bright gaze of policy.


Framed by Elizabeth Carolyn Miller

Framed
  • Title : Framed
  • Author : Elizabeth Carolyn Miller
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • ISBN Code : 0472050443
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Framed uses fin de siècle British crime narrative to pose a highly interesting question: why do female criminal characters tend to be alluring and appealing while fictional male criminals of the era are unsympathetic or even grotesque? In this elegantly argued study, Elizabeth Carolyn Miller addresses this question, examining popular literary and cinematic culture from roughly 1880 to 1914 to shed light on an otherwise overlooked social and cultural type: the conspicuously glamorous New Woman criminal. In so doing, she breaks with the many Foucauldian studies of crime to emphasize the genuinely subversive aspects of these popular female figures. Drawing on a rich body of archival material, Miller argues that the New Woman Criminal exploited iconic elements of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century commodity culture, including cosmetics and clothing, to fashion an illicit identity that enabled her to subvert legal authority in both the public and the private spheres. "This is a truly extraordinary argument, one that will forever alter our view of turn-of-the-century literary culture, and Miller has demonstrated it with an enrapturing series of readings of fictional and filmic criminal figures. In the process, she has filled a gap between feminist studies of the New Woman of the 1890s and more gender-neutral studies of early twentieth-century literary and social change. Her book offers an extraordinarily important new way to think about the changing shape of political culture at the turn of the century." ---John Kucich, Professor of English, Rutgers University "Given the intellectual adventurousness of these chapters, the rich material that the author has brought to bear, and its combination of archival depth and disciplinary range, any reader of this remarkable book will be amply rewarded." ---Jonathan Freedman, Professor of English and American Culture, University of Michigan Elizabeth Carolyn Miller is Assistant Professor of English at the University of California, Davis. digitalculturebooks is an imprint of the University of Michigan and the Scholarly Publishing Office of the University of Michigan Library dedicated to publishing innovative and accessible work exploring new media and their impact on society, culture, and scholarly communication. Visit the website at www.digitalculture.org.


Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine,Committee on Gender Differences in Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty

Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty
  • Title : Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine,Committee on Gender Differences in Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309155861
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty presents new and surprising findings about career differences between female and male full-time, tenure-track, and tenured faculty in science, engineering, and mathematics at the nation's top research universities. Much of this congressionally mandated book is based on two unique surveys of faculty and departments at major U.S. research universities in six fields: biology, chemistry, civil engineering, electrical engineering, mathematics, and physics. A departmental survey collected information on departmental policies, recent tenure and promotion cases, and recent hires in almost 500 departments. A faculty survey gathered information from a stratified, random sample of about 1,800 faculty on demographic characteristics, employment experiences, the allocation of institutional resources such as laboratory space, professional activities, and scholarly productivity. This book paints a timely picture of the status of female faculty at top universities, clarifies whether male and female faculty have similar opportunities to advance and succeed in academia, challenges some commonly held views, and poses several questions still in need of answers. This book will be of special interest to university administrators and faculty, graduate students, policy makers, professional and academic societies, federal funding agencies, and others concerned with the vitality of the U.S. research base and economy.


Athena Unbound by Henry Etzkowitz,Carol Kemelgor,Brian Uzzi

Athena Unbound
  • Title : Athena Unbound
  • Author : Henry Etzkowitz,Carol Kemelgor,Brian Uzzi
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780521787383
  • Pages : 282
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An inquiry into why there are so few women scientists discusses the subtle factors that contribute to the marginalization of women scientists and compares the status of women scientists in different countries.


Communicating Science in Social Contexts by Donghong Cheng,Michel Claessens,Nicholas R. J. Gascoigne,Jenni Metcalfe,Bernard Schiele,Shunke Shi

Communicating Science in Social Contexts
  • Title : Communicating Science in Social Contexts
  • Author : Donghong Cheng,Michel Claessens,Nicholas R. J. Gascoigne,Jenni Metcalfe,Bernard Schiele,Shunke Shi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 1402085982
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Science communication, as a multidisciplinary field, has developed remarkably in recent years. It is now a distinct and exceedingly dynamic science that melds theoretical approaches with practical experience. Formerly well-established theoretical models now seem out of step with the social reality of the sciences, and the previously clear-cut delineations and interacting domains between cultural fields have blurred. Communicating Science in Social Contexts examines that shift, which itself depicts a profound recomposition of knowledge fields, activities and dissemination practices, and the value accorded to science and technology. Communicating Science in Social Contexts is the product of long-term effort that would not have been possible without the research and expertise of the Public Communication of Science and Technology (PCST) Network and the editors. For nearly 20 years, this informal, international network has been organizing events and forums for discussion of the public communication of science.


Discovering Reality by Sandra Harding,Merrill B.P. Hintikka

Discovering Reality
  • Title : Discovering Reality
  • Author : Sandra Harding,Merrill B.P. Hintikka
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 0306480174
  • Pages : 332
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Are Western epistemology, metaphysics, methodology and the philosophy of science grounded only in men's distinctive understandings of themselves, others, and nature? Does this less than human understanding distort our models of reason and of scientific inquiry? In different ways, the papers in this collection explore the evidence for these increasingly reasonable and intriguing questions. They identify how it is distinctively masculine perspectives on masculine experience which have shaped the most fundamental and formal aspects of systematic thought in philosophy and the natural and social sciences - precisely the aspects of thought believed most gender-neutral. They show how these understandings ground Aristotle's biology and metaphysics; the very definition of the problems of philosophy in Plato, Descartes, Hobbes and Rousseau; the `adversary method' which is the paradigm of philosophic and scientific reasoning; principles of individuation in philosophical ontology and the philosophy of language; individualistic assumptions in psychology; functionalism in sociological and biological theory; evolutionary theory; the methodology of political science; Marxist political economy; and conceptions of `objective inquiry' in the social and natural sciences. These essays also begin to identify for us the distictive aspects of women's experience which can provide the resources needed for the creation of a truly human understanding. Audience: The book will be of interest to those involved in epistemology, and philosophy of the natural and social sciences, as well as feminist scholars in philosophy. The work will also be of value for theorists, methodologists, and feminist scholars in the natural and social sciences.


Science Anxiety by Jeffry V. Mallow

Science Anxiety
  • Title : Science Anxiety
  • Author : Jeffry V. Mallow
  • Publisher : H & H Publishing Company
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 175
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Global Investigative Journalism Casebook by Mark Hunter

The Global Investigative Journalism Casebook
  • Title : The Global Investigative Journalism Casebook
  • Author : Mark Hunter
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • ISBN Code : 9230010898
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary: