The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism by S. A. Smith

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism
  • Author : S. A. Smith
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199602050
  • Pages : 658
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Draws on documentation released since the fall of the Soviet Union to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century.


The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures by Aga Skrodzka,Xiaoning Lu,Katarzyna Marciniak

The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures
  • Author : Aga Skrodzka,Xiaoning Lu,Katarzyna Marciniak
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019088553X
  • Pages : 800
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Stereotypes often cast communism as a defunct, bankrupt ideology and a relic of the distant past. However, recent political movements like Europe's anti-austerity protests, the Arab Spring, and Occupy Wall Street suggest that communism is still very much relevant and may even hold the key to a new, idealized future. In The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures, contributors trace the legacies of communist ideology in visual culture, from buildings and monuments, murals and sculpture, to recycling campaigns and wall newspapers, all of which work to make communism's ideas and values material. Contributors work to resist the widespread demonization of communism, demystifying its ideals and suggesting that it has visually shaped the modern world in undeniable and complex ways. Together, contributors answer curcial questions like: What can be salvaged and reused from past communist experiments? How has communism impacted the cultures of late capitalism? And how have histories of communism left behind visual traces of potential utopias? An interdisciplinary look at the cultural currency of communism today, The Oxford Handbook of Communist Visual Cultures demonstrates the value of revisiting the practices of the past to form a better vision of the future.


The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History by Dan Stone

The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History
  • Author : Dan Stone
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199560986
  • Pages : 767
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume covers subjects as diverse as the meaning of European identity, southern Europe after dictatorship, the cultural meanings of the bomb, the 1968 student uprisings immigration, welfare, and coming to terms with the Nazi past.


The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies by Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
  • Author : Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191663719
  • Pages : 752
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.


The Oxford Handbook of Fascism by R. J. B. Bosworth

The Oxford Handbook of Fascism
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Fascism
  • Author : R. J. B. Bosworth
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199594788
  • Pages : 626
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of distinguished scholars, combine to explore the way in which fascism is understood by contemporary scholarship, as well as pointing to areas of continuing dispute and discussion. From a focus on Italy as, chronologically at least, the 'first Fascist nation', the contributors cover a wide range of countries, from Nazi Germany and the comparison with Soviet Communism to fascism in Yugoslavia and its successor states. The book also examines the roots of fascism before 1914 and its survival, whether in practice or in memory, after 1945. The analysis looks at both fascist ideas and practice, and at the often uneasy relationship between the two. The book is not designed to provide any final answers to the fascist problem and no quick definition emerges from its pages. Readers will rather find there historical debate. On appropriate occasions, the authors disagree with each other and have not been forced into any artificial 'consensus', offering readers the chance to engage with the debates over a phenomenon that, more than any other single factor, led humankind into the catastrophe of the Second World War.


The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America by Brian P. Levack

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America
  • Author : Brian P. Levack
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191648841
  • Pages : 646
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.


The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies by Peter Hayes,John K. Roth

The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies
  • Author : Peter Hayes,John K. Roth
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019165079X
  • Pages : 792
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Few scholarly fields have developed in recent decades as rapidly and vigorously as Holocaust Studies. At the start of the twenty-first century, the persecution and murder perpetrated by the Nazi regime have become the subjects of an enormous literature in multiple academic disciplines and a touchstone of public and intellectual discourse in such diverse fields as politics, ethics and religion. Forward-looking and multi-disciplinary, this handbook draws on the work of an international team of forty-seven outstanding scholars. The handbook is thematically divided into five broad sections. Part One, Enablers, concentrates on the broad and necessary contextual conditions for the Holocaust. Part Two, Protagonists, concentrates on the principal persons and groups involved in the Holocaust and attempts to disaggregate the conventional interpretive categories of perpetrator, victim, and bystander. It examines the agency of the Nazi leaders and killers and of those involved in resisting and surviving the assault. Part Three, Settings, concentrates on the particular places, sites, and physical circumstances where the actions of the Holocaust's protagonists and the forms of persecution were literally grounded. Part Four, Representations, engages complex questions about how the Holocaust can and should be grasped and what meaning or lack of meaning might be attributed to events through historical analysis, interpretation of texts, artistic creation and criticism, and philosophical and religious reflection. Part Five, Aftereffects, explores the Holocaust's impact on politics and ethics, education and religion, national identities and international relations, the prospects for genocide prevention, and the defense of human rights.


The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History by T. M. Devine,Jenny Wormald

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Modern Scottish History
  • Author : T. M. Devine,Jenny Wormald
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191624330
  • Pages : 720
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Over the last three decades major advances in research and scholarship have transformed understanding of the Scottish past. In this landmark study some of the most eminent writers on the subject, together with emerging new talents, have combined to produce a large-scale volume which reconsiders in fresh and illuminating ways the classic themes of the nation's history since the sixteenth century as well as a number of new topics which are only now receiving detailed attention. Such major themes as the Reformation, the Union of 1707, the Scottish Enlightenment, clearances, industrialisation, empire, emigration, and the Great War are approached from novel and fascinating perspectives, but so too are such issues as the Scottish environment, myth, family, criminality, the literary tradition, and Scotland's contemporary history. All chapters contain expert syntheses of current knowledge, but their authors also stand back and reflect critically on the questions which still remain unanswered, the issues which generate dispute and controversy, and sketch out where appropriate the agenda for future research. The Handbook also places the Scottish experience firmly into an international historical perspective with a considerable focus on the age-old emigration of the Scottish people, the impact of successive waves of immigrants to Scotland, and the nation's key role within the British Empire. The overall result is a vibrant and stimulating review of modern Scottish history: essential reading for students and scholars alike.


The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems by Erik S. Herron,Robert J. Pekkanen,Matthew S. Shugart

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems
  • Author : Erik S. Herron,Robert J. Pekkanen,Matthew S. Shugart
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190258659
  • Pages : 1016
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Machine generated contents note: -- 1. Terminology and Basic Rules of Electoral Systems -- Erik S. Herron, Robert J. Pekkanen, and Matthew S. Shugart -- Part I. Foundations of Electoral Systems -- 2. Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems -- Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell -- 3. Electoral System Effects on Party Systems -- Matthew S. Shugart and Rein Taagepera -- 4. Party System Effects on Electoral Systems -- Josep M. Colomer -- 5. Electoral System Design in New Democracies -- John M. Carey -- 6. Electoral System Change -- Alan Renwick -- Part II. Issues and Representation -- 7. Social Diversity, Electoral Systems, and the Party System -- Robert Moser, Ethan Scheiner, and Heather Stoll -- 8. Electoral Systems and Ethnic Minority Representation -- David Lublin and Shaun Bowler -- 9. Electoral Systems and Women's Representation -- Mona Lena Krook -- 10. Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout -- Daniel M. Smith -- 11. Electoral Systems and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence -- Matthew Golder and Benjamin Ferland -- 12. Electoral Systems and Issue Polarization -- James F. Adams and Nathan J. Rexford -- Part III. Electoral Systems and the Wider Political System -- 13. Portfolio-maximizing Strategic Voting in Parliamentary Elections -- Gary W. Cox -- 14. Presidential and Legislative Elections -- Mark P. Jones -- 15. Electoral Systems and Legislative Organization -- Shane Martin -- 16. Electoral Systems and Roles in the Legislative Arena -- Audrey André and Sam Depauw -- 17. Electoral Systems and Constituency Service -- Brian F. Crisp and William M. Simoneau -- 18. Direct Democracy and Referendums -- Matt Qvortrup -- 19. Electoral Systems in Authoritarian States -- Jennifer Gandhi and Abigail L. Heller -- Part IV. Electoral Systems and Research Design -- 20. Election Data and Levels of Analysis -- Ken Kollman -- 21. Experimental Research Design in the Study of Electoral Systems -- Joshua Tucker and Dominik Duell -- 22. Reconciling Approaches in the Study of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems -- Erik S. Herron, Kuniaki Nemoto, and Misa Nishikawa -- Part V. Holding Elections -- 23. Election Administration -- Thad E. Hall -- 24. Electoral Systems and Electoral Integrity -- Pippa Norris -- 25. Electoral Systems and Redistricting -- Lisa Handley -- 26. Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance -- Joel W. Johnson -- Part VI. Electoral Systems in Context -- 27. Electoral Systems in Context: The Netherlands -- Kristof Jacobs -- 28. Electoral Systems in Context: Israel -- Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat -- 29. Electoral Systems in Context: Finland -- Åsa von Schoultz -- 30. Electoral Systems in Context: United Kingdom -- Thomas Carl Lundberg -- 31. Electoral Systems in Context: Ireland -- Michael Marsh -- 32. Electoral Systems in Context: France -- Verónica Hoyo -- 33. Electoral Systems in Context: India -- Adam Ziegfeld -- 34. Electoral Systems in Context: United States -- Steven L. Taylor -- 35. Electoral Systems in Context: Canada -- Louis Massicotte -- 36. Electoral Systems in Context: Australia -- Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai -- 37. Electoral Systems in Context: Germany -- Thomas Zittel -- Part VII. Electoral Systems in the Context of Reform -- 38. Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand -- Jack Vowles -- 39. Electoral Systems in Context: Japan -- Kuniaki Nemoto -- 40. Electoral Systems in Context: Italy -- Gianluca Passarelli -- 41. Electoral Systems in Context: Colombia -- Steven L. Taylor and Matthew S. Shugart -- Part VIII. Electoral Systems in the Context of New Democracies -- 42. Electoral Systems in Context: Ukraine -- Erik S. Herron -- 43. Electoral Systems in Context: Indonesia -- Nathan Allen -- 44. Electoral Systems in Context: South Africa -- Karen E. Ferree


The Oxford Handbook of Political Science by Robert E. Goodin

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Political Science
  • Author : Robert E. Goodin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191619795
  • Pages : 1312
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Drawing on the rich resources of the ten-volume series of The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science, this one-volume distillation provides a comprehensive overview of all the main branches of contemporary political science: political theory; political institutions; political behavior; comparative politics; international relations; political economy; law and politics; public policy; contextual political analysis; and political methodology. Sixty-seven of the top political scientists worldwide survey recent developments in those fields and provide penetrating introductions to exciting new fields of study. Following in the footsteps of the New Handbook of Political Science edited by Robert Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann a decade before, this Oxford Handbook will become an indispensable guide to the scope and methods of political science as a whole. It will serve as the reference book of record for political scientists and for those following their work for years to come.


The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law by Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss,Justine Pila

The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law
  • Author : Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss,Justine Pila
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198758456
  • Pages : 1010
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A comprehensive overview of intellectual property law, this handbook will be a vital read for all invested in the field of IP law. Topics include the foundations of IP law; its emergence and development in various jurisdictions; its rules and principles; and current issues arising from the existence and operation of IP law in a political economy.


The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War by Richard H. Immerman,Petra Goedde

The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War
  • Author : Richard H. Immerman,Petra Goedde
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199236968
  • Pages : 660
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Thirty four essays by a team of leading scholars offering a broad reassessment of the cold war, calling into question orthodox ways of ordering the chronology of the period and presenting new insights into the global dimension of the conflict.


The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx by Matt Vidal,Paul Prew

The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx
  • Author : Matt Vidal,Paul Prew
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780190695545
  • Pages : 848
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.


The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War by Artemy M. Kalinovsky,Craig Daigle

The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War
  • Title : The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War
  • Author : Artemy M. Kalinovsky,Craig Daigle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134700652
  • Pages : 440
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This new Handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of current scholarship on the Cold War, with essays from many leading scholars. The field of Cold War history has consistently been one of the most vibrant in the field of international studies. Recent scholarship has added to our understanding of familiar Cold War events, such as the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis and superpower détente, and shed new light on the importance of ideology, race, modernization, and transnational movements. The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War draws on the wealth of new Cold War scholarship, bringing together essays on a diverse range of topics such as geopolitics, military power and technology and strategy. The chapters also address the importance of non-state actors, such as scientists, human rights activists and the Catholic Church, and examine the importance of development, foreign aid and overseas assistance. The volume is organised into nine parts: Part I: The Early Cold War Part II: Cracks in the Bloc Part III: Decolonization, Imperialism and its Consequences Part IV: The Cold War in the Third World Part V: The Era of Detente Part VI: Human Rights and Non-State Actors Part VII: Nuclear Weapons, Technology and Intelligence Part VIII: Psychological Warfare, Propaganda and Cold War Culture Part IX: The End of the Cold War This new Handbook will be of great interest to all students of Cold War history, international history, foreign policy, security studies and IR in general.


The Black Book of Communism by Stéphane Courtois,Nicolas Werth,Andrzej Paczkowski,Jean-Louis Panné,Karel Bartosek,Jean-Louis Margolin

The Black Book of Communism
  • Title : The Black Book of Communism
  • Author : Stéphane Courtois,Nicolas Werth,Andrzej Paczkowski,Jean-Louis Panné,Karel Bartosek,Jean-Louis Margolin
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780674076082
  • Pages : 858
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Collects and analyzes seventy years of communist crimes that offer details on Kim Sung's Korea, Vietnam under "Uncle Ho," and Cuba under Castro.


Without the Banya We Would Perish by Ethan Pollock

Without the Banya We Would Perish
  • Title : Without the Banya We Would Perish
  • Author : Ethan Pollock
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195395484
  • Pages : 343
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

When so much in Russia has changed, the banya remains. For over one thousand years Russians of every economic class, political party, and social strata have treated bathing as a communal activity integrating personal hygiene and public health with rituals, relaxation, conversations, drinking, political intrigue, business, and sex. Communal steam baths have survived the Mongols, Peter the Great, and Soviet communism and remain a central and unifying national custom. Combining the ancient elements of earth, water, and fire, the banya paradoxically cleans bodies and spreads disease, purifies and defiles, creates community and underscores difference. Here, Ethan Pollock tells the history of this ubiquitous and enduring institution. He explores the bathhouse's role in Russian identity, following public figures (from Catherine the Great to Rasputin to Putin), writers (such as Chekhov and Dostoevsky), foreigners (including Mark Twain and Casanova), and countless other men and women into the banya to discover the meanings they have found there. The story comes up to the present, exploring the continued importance of banyas in Russia and their newfound popularity in cities across the globe. Drawing on sources as diverse as ancient chronicles, government reports, medical books, and popular culture, Pollock shows how the banya has persisted, adapted, and flourished in the everyday lives of Russians throughout wars, political ruptures, modernization, and urbanization. Through the communal bathhouse, Without the Banya We Would Perish provides a unique perspective on the history of the Russian people.


Sport Under Communism by Mike Dennis,Jonathan Grix

Sport Under Communism
  • Title : Sport Under Communism
  • Author : Mike Dennis,Jonathan Grix
  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN Code : 0230227848
  • Pages : 261
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is the first in-depth exploration of why East Germany was, for two decades, one of the three most successful nations in both the Summer and Winter Olympics. Based on original Stasi and Communist Party archival sources, the book evaluates the significant factors behind the GDR's rise to sporting supremacy, notably doping, intensive training regimes, specialist sport schools, heavy investment by the state in elite sport, and the comprehensive guarding of top-level sport by the Stasi. Thisbook reveals how the central elite sports system was beset by internal tensions and disputes, by the personal ambitions of top Communist officials and by local and regional interests, and outlines how this system offers a model for elite sport today.


The Oxford Handbook of World History by the late Jerry H. Bentley

The Oxford Handbook of World History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of World History
  • Author : the late Jerry H. Bentley
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0199235813
  • Pages : 625
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Thirty-three essays by a stellar collection of distinguished scholars in the field of world history, providing a comprehensive guide to current scholarship and current thinking in one of the most dynamic fields of historical scholarship


The Romance of American Communism by Vivian Gornick

The Romance of American Communism
  • Title : The Romance of American Communism
  • Author : Vivian Gornick
  • Publisher : Verso
  • ISBN Code : 1788735501
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Writer and critic Vivian Gornick's long-unavailable classic exploring how Left politics gave depth and meaning to American life "Before I knew that I was Jewish or a girl I knew that I was a member of the working class." So begins Vivian Gornick's exploration of how the world of socialists, communists, and progressives in the 1940s and 1950s created a rich, diverse world where ordinary men and women felt their lives connected to a larger human project. Now back in print after its initial publication in 1977 and with a new introduction by the author, The Romance of American Communism is a landmark work of new journalism, profiling American Communist Party members and fellow travelers as they joined the Party, lived within its orbit, and left in disillusionment and disappointment as Stalin's crimes became public.


Curtain of Lies by Melissa Feinberg

Curtain of Lies
  • Title : Curtain of Lies
  • Author : Melissa Feinberg
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190644613
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"While the Cold War governments of Eastern Europe operated within the confines of the Soviet worldview, their peoples confronted the narratives of both East and West. From the Soviet Union and its satellites, they heard of a West dominated by imperialist warmongers and of the glorious future only Communism could bring. A competing discourse emanated from the West, claiming that Eastern Europe was a totalitarian land of captive slaves, powerless in the face of Soviet aggression. In Curtain of Lies, Melissa Feinberg conducts a timely examination into the nature of truth, using the political culture of Eastern Europe during the Cold War as her foundation. Focusing on the period between 1948 and 1956, she looks at how the 'truth' of Eastern Europe was delineated by actors on both sides of the Iron Curtain. Feinberg offers a fresh interpretation of the Cold War as a shared political environment, exploring the ways in which ordinary East Europeans interacted with these competing understandings of their homeland. She approaches this by looking at the relationship between the American-sponsored radio stations broadcast across the Iron Curtain and the East European aemigraes they interviewed as sources on life under Communism. Feinberg's careful analysis reveals that these parties developed mutually reinforced assumptions about the meaning of Communism, helping to create the evidentiary foundation for totalitarian interpretations of Communist rule in Eastern Europe. In bridging the geopolitical and the individual, Curtain of Lies provides a perspective that is both innovative in its methodology and indispensable to its field"--Provided by publisher.


The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption by Frank Trentmann

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption
  • Author : Frank Trentmann
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191624357
  • Pages : 720
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The term 'consumption' covers the desire for goods and services, their acquisition, use, and disposal. The study of consumption has grown enormously in recent years, and it has been the subject of major historiographical debates: did the eighteenth century bring a consumer revolution? Was there a great divergence between East and West? Did the twentieth century see the triumph of global consumerism? Questions of consumption have become defining topics in all branches of history, from gender and labour history to political history and cultural studies. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation, taking the reader from the ancient period to the twenty-first century. It includes chapters on Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America, brings together new perspectives, highlights cutting-edge areas of research, and offers a guide through the main historiographical developments. Contributions from leading historians examine the spaces of consumption, consumer politics, luxury and waste, nationalism and empire, the body, well-being, youth cultures, and fashion. The Handbook also showcases the different ways in which recent historians have approached the subject, from cultural and economic history to political history and technology studies, including areas where multidisciplinary approaches have been especially fruitful.


The Global Revolution by Silvio Pons

The Global Revolution
  • Title : The Global Revolution
  • Author : Silvio Pons
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199657629
  • Pages : 365
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Establishes a relationship between the history of communism and the main processes of globalization in the past century. Drawing on a wealth of archival sources, Silvio Pons analyses the multifaceted and contradictory relationship between the Soviet Union and the international communist movement, to show how communism played a major part in the formation of our modern world."--Back cover


The Oxford Handbook of the History of English by Terttu Nevalainen,Elizabeth Closs Traugott

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of English
  • Author : Terttu Nevalainen,Elizabeth Closs Traugott
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199996385
  • Pages : 984
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists' perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes--celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.


The Oxford Handbook of Atheism by Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Atheism
  • Author : Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199644659
  • Pages : 763
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This handbook is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism - understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods' - in its historical and contemporary expressions. It probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives and in a range of global contexts.


The Oxford Handbook of Public History by James B. Gardner,Paula Hamilton

The Oxford Handbook of Public History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Public History
  • Author : James B. Gardner,Paula Hamilton
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199766029
  • Pages : 552
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Oxford Handbook of Public History introduces the major debates within public history; the methods and sources that comprise a public historian's tool kit; and exemplary examples of practice. It views public history as a dynamic process combining historical research and a wide range of work with and for the public, informed by a conceptual context. The editors acknowledge the imprecision bedeviling attempts to define public history, and use this book as an opportunity to shape the field by taking a deliberately broad view. They include professional historians who work outside the academy in a range of institutions and sites, and those who are politically committed to communicating history to the wide range of audiences. This volume provides the information and inspiration needed by a practitioner to succeed in the wide range of workplaces that characterizes public history today, for university teachers of public history to assist their students, and for working public historians to keep up to date with recent research. This handbook locates public history as a professional practice within an intellectual framework that is increasingly transnational, technological, and democratic. While the nation state remains the primary means of identification, increased mobility and the digital revolution have occasioned a much broader outlook and awareness of the world beyond national borders. It addresses squarely the tech-savvy, media-literate citizens of the world, the"digital natives" of the twenty-first century, in a way that recognizes the revolution in shared authority that has swept museum work, oral history, and much of public history practice. This volume also provides both currently practicing historians and those entering the field a map for understanding the historical landscape of the future: not just to the historiographical debates of the academy but also the boom in commemoration and history outside the academy evident in many countries since the 1990s, which now constitutes the historical culture in each country. Public historians need to understand both contexts, and to negotiate their implications for questions of historical authority and the public historian's work. The boom in popular history is characterized by a significant increase in both making and consuming history in a range of historical activities such as genealogy, family history, and popular collecting; cultural tourism, historic sites, and memorial museums; increased memorialization, both formal and informal, from roadside memorials to state funded shrines and memorial Internet sites; increased publication of historical novels, biographies, and movies and TV series set in the past. Much of this, as well as a vast array of new community cultural projects, has been facilitated by the digital technologies that have increased the accessibility of historical information, the democratization of practice, and the demand for sharing authority.


The Oxford Handbook of Austrian Economics by Peter J. Boettke,Christopher J. Coyne

The Oxford Handbook of Austrian Economics
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Austrian Economics
  • Author : Peter J. Boettke,Christopher J. Coyne
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199811768
  • Pages : 832
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Austrian School of Economics is an intellectual tradition in economics and political economy dating back to Carl Menger in the late-19th century. Menger stressed the subjective nature of value in the individual decision calculus. Individual choices are indeed made on the margin, but the evaluations of rank ordering of ends sought in the act of choice are subjective to individual chooser. For Menger, the economic calculus was about scarce means being deployed to pursue an individual's highest valued ends. The act of choice is guided by subjective assessments of the individual, and is open ended as the individual is constantly discovering what ends to pursue, and learning the most effective way to use the means available to satisfy those ends. This school of economic thinking spread outside of Austria to the rest of Europe and the United States in the early-20th century and continued to develop and gain followers, establishing itself as a major stream of heterodox economics. The Oxford Handbook of Austrian Economics provides an overview of this school and its theories. The various contributions discussed in this book all reflect a tension between the Austrian School's orthodox argumentative structure (rational choice and invisible hand) and its addressing of a heterodox problem situations (uncertainty, differential knowledge, ceaseless change). The Austrian economists from the founders to today seek to derive the invisible hand theorem from the rational choice postulate via institutional analysis in a persistent and consistent manner. Scholars and students working in the field of History of Economic Thought, those following heterodox approaches, and those both familiar with the Austrian School or looking to learn more will find much to learn in this comprehensive volume.


Red at Heart by Elizabeth McGuire

Red at Heart
  • Title : Red at Heart
  • Author : Elizabeth McGuire
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190640553
  • Pages : 448
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Prologue at Vova's -- Map of contemporary Russia and China -- Introduction: Serious romance -- Part I. First encounters, circa 1921 -- Emi's adventures : Changsha-Paris-Moscow -- Qu's quest : Tolstoy and the Trans-Siberian -- New youth, new Russians -- Part II. School crushes, 1920s -- School dramas -- Shanghai University and the Comintern's curriculum -- A crush on Russia : Qu's female protégés -- Chiang Kaishek's son in red wonderland -- Heartbreak : the demise of Qu -- Part III. Love affairs, 1930s-1940s -- Kolia the Chinese -- Liza/Li : the agitator and the aristocrat -- Emi/Eva : the love affairs of a Sino-Soviet poet -- The legend of He Zizhen, Mao's wife in Yanan and Moscow -- Sino-Soviet love children -- Part IV. Families, 1950s -- Male metaphors : Mao, Stalin and brotherhood -- Wang, Dasha, and Nastya : Russian romance redux -- Legitimate offspring : Chinese students in 1950s Moscow -- Female families : Liza's home, Eva's adventures -- Part V. Last kisses, 1960s and beyond -- The split within : Sino-Soviet families under pressure -- Defiant romantics : ironies of cultural revolution -- Nostalgia : Wang's search -- Epilogue at Yura's


The Oxford Handbook of Film and Media Studies by Robert Kolker,Robert Phillip Kolker

The Oxford Handbook of Film and Media Studies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Film and Media Studies
  • Author : Robert Kolker,Robert Phillip Kolker
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 628
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This handbook examines film and new media in the light of their convergence. It draws on leading scholars in the field to discuss traditional areas of history and theory of film and digital media. Its focus, however, is on the cycle of technologically driven arts. Film was born of a number ofexperiments in reproducing motion, all of which culminated in the nineteenth-century projection of short films. The creation of digital media resulted from experiments in alternative forms of representation in the early 1960s. John Whitney began creating avant-garde films from digital graphicsaround 1960 (and some of his ideas and methods were incorporated by Stanley Kubrick in 2001: A Space Odyssey). By the early 1990s, commercial filmmakers began to employ digital effects in their work. By the late nineties, digital arts had come fully into their own, both in the form of stand-alone orinteractive artworks and films created with and for the computer. At the same time, digital effects had completely overtaken optical printing and matte painting in film. From special effects to creating "realistic" backgrounds and crowds, the digital is infiltrating all aspects of filmmaking. Theinfiltration is about to become a takeover, as celluloid is replaced by high definition digital recording and projection processes. Many aspects of film will change as this latest convergence takes place. Already, cultural response to film has changed as viewers begin to teach themselves about filmthrough supplementary material on DVDs and to make their own films on home computers. But this handbook is not a technical history or manual. Quite the contrary, it is a scholarly work discussing the aesthetics, economics, and cultural results of these changes and convergences. The book balancestraditional scholarship and analysis with essays addressing technological change and the concurrent changes in cultural responses to these changes, responses already acknowledged by the profession.


Dissent on the Margins by Emily B. Baran

Dissent on the Margins
  • Title : Dissent on the Margins
  • Author : Emily B. Baran
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190495499
  • Pages : 402
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Emily B. Baran offers a gripping history of how a small, American-based religious community, the Jehovah's Witnesses, found its way into the Soviet Union after World War II, survived decades of brutal persecution, and emerged as one of the region's fastest growing religions after the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991. In telling the story of this often misunderstood faith, Baran explores the shifting boundaries of religious dissent, non-conformity, and human rights in the Soviet Union and its successor states. Soviet Jehovah's Witnesses are a fascinating case study of dissent beyond urban, intellectual nonconformists. Witnesses, who were generally rural, poorly educated, and utterly marginalized from society, resisted state pressure to conform. They instead constructed alternative communities based on adherence to religious principles established by the Witnesses' international center in Brooklyn, New York. The Soviet state considered Witnesses to be the most reactionary of all underground religious movements, and used extraordinary measures to try to eliminate this threat. Yet Witnesses survived, while the Soviet system did not. After 1991, they faced continuing challenges to their right to practice their faith in post-Soviet states, as these states struggled to reconcile the proper limits on freedom of conscience with European norms and domestic concerns. Dissent on the Margins provides a new and important perspective on one of America's most understudied religious movements.


The Party by Richard McGregor

The Party
  • Title : The Party
  • Author : Richard McGregor
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • ISBN Code : 0141038853
  • Pages : 301
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

'Superb . . . an essential, riveting guide to how the rising power really works' Jonathan Fenby 'Marvellous . . . should be read by anyone doing business with or just trying to understand China' Bill Emmott China's Communist Party is the largest, most powerful political machine in the world. Here, for the first time, Richard McGregor delves deeply into its inner sanctum, revealing how this secretive cabal keeps control of every aspect of the country - its military and media, legal system and businesses, even its religious organizations. How has the Party merged Marx, Mao and the market to create a global superpower? And what does this mean for the world? 'A book that is as informative as it is entertaining . . . China has been transformed. The system that takes the credit is brilliantly described by McGregor' Chris Patten, Financial Times 'With details never published before . . . this book has come at the right moment' Michael Sheridan, Sunday Times 'McGregor has done the world a service with his fascinating new book' Peter Hartcher, Sydney Morning Herald 'A lively and penetrating account of a party that . . . has clung to secrecy as an inviolable principle' Andrew Higgins, Washington Post 'If you read only one book about China this year, it should be this one. And if you do not read this book, you probably do not understand China today' Arthur Kroeber, China Economic Quarterly


Encyclopedia of religion by Lindsay Jones

Encyclopedia of religion
  • Title : Encyclopedia of religion
  • Author : Lindsay Jones
  • Publisher : MacMillan Reference Library
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 10
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Among Library Journal's picks of the most important reference works of the millennium - with the Encyclopedia Judaica and the New Catholic Encyclopedia - Mircea Eliade's Encyclopedia of Religion won the American Library Associations' Dartmouth Medal in 1988 and is widely regarded as the standard reference work in the field. This second edition, which is intended to reflect both changes in academia and in the world since 1987, includes almost all of the 2,750 original entries - many heavily updated - as well as approximately 600 entirely new articles. Preserving the best of Eliade's cross-cultural approach, while emphasizing religion's role within everyday life and as a unique experience from culture to culture, this new edition is the definitive work in the field for the 21st century. An international team of scholars and contributors have reviewed, revised and added to every word of the classic work, making it relevant to the questions and interests of all researchers. The result is an essential purchase for libraries of all kinds.


The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World by Peter N. Stearns

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
  • Title : The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
  • Author : Peter N. Stearns
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 579
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


A Handbook of West Bengal by Sanghamitra Saha

A Handbook of West Bengal
  • Title : A Handbook of West Bengal
  • Author : Sanghamitra Saha
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 888
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:


The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought by William Outhwaite

The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought
  • Title : The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought
  • Author : William Outhwaite
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 0470999012
  • Pages : 856
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Modern social thought ranges widely from the social sciences to philosophy, political theories and doctrines, cultural ideas and movements, and the influence of the natural sciences. Provides an authoritative overview of the main themes of social thought. Long essays and entries give full coverage to each topic. Covers major currents of thought, philosophical and cultural trends, and the individual social sciences from anthropology to welfare economics. New edition updates about 200 entries and includes new entries, suggestions for further reading, and a bibliography of all sources cited within the text.


Legal Lessons by Jennifer E. Altehenger

Legal Lessons
  • Title : Legal Lessons
  • Author : Jennifer E. Altehenger
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • ISBN Code : 1684175879
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The popularization of basic legal knowledge is an important and contested technique of state governance in China today. Its roots reach back to the early years of Chinese Communist Party rule. Legal Lessons tells the story of how the party-state attempted to mobilize ordinary citizens to learn laws during the early years of the Mao period (1949–1976) and in the decade after Mao’s death.Examining case studies such as the dissemination of the 1950 Marriage Law and successive constitutions since 1954 in Beijing and Shanghai, Jennifer Altehenger traces the dissemination of legal knowledge at different levels of state and society. Archival records, internal publications, periodicals, advice manuals, memoirs, and colorful propaganda materials reveal how official attempts to determine and promote “correct” understanding of written laws intersected with people’s interpretations and practical experiences. They also show how diverse groups—including party-state leadership, legal experts, publishers, writers, artists, and local officials, along with ordinary people—helped to define the meaning of laws in China’s socialist society. Placing mass legal education and law propaganda at the center of analysis, Legal Lessons offers a new perspective on the sociocultural and political history of law in socialist China."


Twenty Years After Communism by Michael Bernhard,Jan Kubik

Twenty Years After Communism
  • Title : Twenty Years After Communism
  • Author : Michael Bernhard,Jan Kubik
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199375143
  • Pages : 362
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Remembering the past, especially as collectivity, is a political process, thus the politics of memory and commemoration is an integral part of the establishment of new political regimes, new identities, and new principles of political legitimacy. This volume is about the explosion of the politics of memory triggered by the fall of state socialism in Eastern Europe, particularly about the politics of its commemoration twenty years later. It offers seventeen in-depth case studies, an original theoretical framework, and a comparative study of memory regime types and their origins. Four different kinds of mnemonic actors are identified: mnemonic warriors, mnemonic pluralists, mnemonic abnegators, and mnemonic prospectives. Their combinations render three different types of memory regimes: fractured, pillarized, and unified. Disciplined comparative analysis shows how several different configurations of factors affect the emergence of mnemonic actors and different varieties of memory regimes. There are three groups of causal factors that influence the political form of the memory regime: the range of structural constraints the actors face (e.g., the type of regime transformation), cultural constraints linked to past political conflict (e.g., salient ethnic or religious cleavages), and cultural and strategic choices actors make (e.g. framing post-communist political identities)"--


Demolition on Karl Marx Square by Andrew Demshuk

Demolition on Karl Marx Square
  • Title : Demolition on Karl Marx Square
  • Author : Andrew Demshuk
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190645121
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"The 1968 demolition of Leipzig's medieval University Church represents an essential turning point in relations between Communist authorities and the people they claimed to serve. The largest East German protest between the 1953 Uprising and 1989 Revolution, this intimate story clarifies how the dictatorial system operated and lost public belief"--Provided by publisher.


Varieties of Anti-Fascism by Nigel Copsey,Andrzej Olechnowicz

Varieties of Anti-Fascism
  • Title : Varieties of Anti-Fascism
  • Author : Nigel Copsey,Andrzej Olechnowicz
  • Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 275
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume of essays by a number of the foremost experts in the field examines the varieties of anti-fascism in inter-war Britain. Anti-fascism between the wars is still most frequently associated with the extreme left and its violent street confrontations with Mosley's British Union of Fascists. By extending the scope of anti-fascism to include center and right-wing opinion, and a wide range of institutions, this book breaks new ground. Chapters examine the state, political parties of left and right, the media, the churches, the involvement of women, and the responses of intellectuals. It also discusses the impact of European anti-fascist exiles and the legacy of anti-fascism on the post-war British Establishment.This volume examines the varieties of anti-fascism in inter-war Britain. Ordinarily anti-fascism is defined in terms of anti-fascist activism. By extending the scope of the concept, this book breaks new ground. Chapters examine political parties, the state, the media, women, the churches, and intellectuals.


The New Walford by Ray Lester

The New Walford
  • Title : The New Walford
  • Author : Ray Lester
  • Publisher : Library Assn Pub Limited
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 699
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Covers 15 broad subject groupings: social sciences (generic); psychology; sociology; social work & social welfare; politics; government; law; finance, accountancy & taxation; industries & utilities; business & management; education & learning; sport; media & communications; information & library sciences; and tools for information professionals.


The Cinema of Central Europe by Peter Hames

The Cinema of Central Europe
  • Title : The Cinema of Central Europe
  • Author : Peter Hames
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN Code : 9781904764212
  • Pages : 291
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Analysis of 24 films including: People of the mountains, Ashes and diamonds, Knife in the water, A shop on the high street, Closely observed trains, Daisies, Man of marble, Colonel Redl, The decalogue (Dekalog), Satantango, The garden, Alice (directed by Jan Svankmajer).