The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics by Alison Bashford,Philippa Levine

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics
  • Author : Alison Bashford,Philippa Levine
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780199706532
  • Pages : 608
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Eugenic thought and practice swept the world from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in a remarkable transnational phenomenon. Eugenics informed social and scientific policy across the political spectrum, from liberal welfare measures in emerging social-democratic states to feminist ambitions for birth control, from public health campaigns to totalitarian dreams of the "perfectibility of man." This book dispels for uninitiated readers the automatic and apparently exclusive link between eugenics and the Holocaust. It is the first world history of eugenics and an indispensable core text for both teaching and research. Eugenics has accumulated generations of interest as experts attempted to connect biology, human capacity, and policy. In the past and the present, eugenics speaks to questions of race, class, gender and sex, evolution, governance, nationalism, disability, and the social implications of science. In the current climate, in which the human genome project, stem cell research, and new reproductive technologies have proven so controversial, the history of eugenics has much to teach us about the relationship between scientific research, technology, and human ethical decision-making.


For the Betterment of the Race by S. Kühl

For the Betterment of the Race
  • Title : For the Betterment of the Race
  • Author : S. Kühl
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137286121
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Racism, race hygiene, eugenics, and their histories have for a long time been studied in terms of individual countries, whether genocidal ideology in Nazi Germany or scientific racial theories in the United States. As this study demonstrates, however, eugenic racial policy and scientific racism alike had a strongly international dimension. Concepts such as a 'Racial Confederation of European Peoples' or a 'blonde internationalism' marked the thinking and the actions of many eugenicists, undergirding transnational networks that persist even today. Author Stefan Kühl provides here a historical foundation for this phenomenon, contextualizing the international eugenics movement in relation to National Socialist race policies and showing how intensively eugenicists worked to disseminate their beliefs throughout the world.


The Oxford Handbook of Disability History by Michael Rembis,Catherine J. Kudlick,Kim Nielsen

The Oxford Handbook of Disability History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Disability History
  • Author : Michael Rembis,Catherine J. Kudlick,Kim Nielsen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190234954
  • Pages : 552
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Disability history exists outside of the institutions, healers, and treatments it often brings to mind. It is a history where disabled people live not just as patients or cure-seekers, but rather as people living differently in the world--and it is also a history that helps define the fundamental concepts of identity, community, citizenship, and normality. The Oxford Handbook of Disability History is the first volume of its kind to represent this history and its global scale, from ancient Greece to British West Africa. The twenty-seven articles, written by thirty experts from across the field, capture the diversity and liveliness of this emerging scholarship. Whether discussing disability in modern Chinese cinema or on the American antebellum stage, this collection provides new and valuable insights into the rich and varied lives of disabled people across time and place.


The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History by Dan Stone

The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History
  • Author : Dan Stone
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199560986
  • Pages : 767
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This volume covers subjects as diverse as the meaning of European identity, southern Europe after dictatorship, the cultural meanings of the bomb, the 1968 student uprisings immigration, welfare, and coming to terms with the Nazi past.


A Century of Eugenics in America by Paul A. Lombardo

A Century of Eugenics in America
  • Title : A Century of Eugenics in America
  • Author : Paul A. Lombardo
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0253222699
  • Pages : 251
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1907, Indiana passed the world's first involuntary sterilization law based on the theory of eugenics. In time, more than 30 states and a dozen foreign countries followed suit. Although the Indiana statute was later declared unconstitutional, other laws restricting immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds were still in effect in the U.S. as late as the 1970s. A Century of Eugenics in America assesses the history of eugenics in the United States and its status in the age of the Human Genome Project. The essays explore the early support of compulsory sterilization by doctors and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the legal and social challenges to sterilization; and the prospects for a eugenics movement basing its claims on modern genetic science.


Eugenics and Education in America by Ann Gibson Winfield

Eugenics and Education in America
  • Title : Eugenics and Education in America
  • Author : Ann Gibson Winfield
  • Publisher : Peter Lang
  • ISBN Code : 9780820481463
  • Pages : 195
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Education in America was designed to organize, classify, and sort students according to a definition of ability and human worth provided by a racialized scientism known as eugenics - an ideology whose ultimate goal was the establishment of a superior White race. Eugenicists targeted entire ethnic groups, the urban poor, rural «White trash, » the sexually «deviant, » Blacks, Jews, Native Americans, Asians, Latino/as, and anyone who did not fit with the pseudo-scientifically established «superior» Nordic race. Education leaders, complaining of children of «worm-eaten stock, » established an enduring system to organize and sort students according to perceived societal worth. In exposing and addressing eugenics' place in our educational system, this book provides a groundbreaking addition to, and exceptional correction of, the history of curriculum in America.


Eugenics by Philippa Levine

Eugenics
  • Title : Eugenics
  • Author : Philippa Levine
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199385904
  • Pages : 176
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1883, Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, coined the word "eugenics" to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Adapting Darwin's theory of evolution to human society, eugenics soon became a powerful, international movement, committed to using the principles of heredity and statistics to encourage healthy and discourage unhealthy reproduction. Early in the twentieth century and across the world, doctors, social reformers, and politicians turned to the new science of eugenics as a means to improve and strengthen their populations. Eugenics advocates claimed their methods would result in healthier, fitter babies and would dramatically limit human suffering. The reality was a different story. In the name of scientific progress and of human improvement, eugenicists targeted the weak and the sick, triggering coercive legislation on issues as disparate as race, gender, immigration, euthanasia, abortion, sterilization, intelligence, mental illness, and disease control. Nationalists eagerly embraced eugenics as a means to legitimize their countries' superiority and racialized assumptions, and the Nazis notoriously used eugenics to shape their "final solution." In this lucid volume, Philippa Levine tackles the intricate and controversial history of eugenics, masterfully synthesizing the enormous range of policies and experiments carried out in the name of eugenics around the world throughout the twentieth century. She questions the widespread belief that eugenics disappeared after World War II and evaluates the impact of eugenics on current reproductive and genetic sciences. Charting the development of such controversial practices as artificial insemination, sperm donation, and population control, this book offers a powerful, extraordinarily timely reflection on the frequent interplay between genetics and ethics. Eugenics may no longer be a household word, but we feel its effects even today.


Eugenics and Nation in Early 20th Century Hungary by M. Turda

Eugenics and Nation in Early 20th Century Hungary
  • Title : Eugenics and Nation in Early 20th Century Hungary
  • Author : M. Turda
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137293535
  • Pages : 343
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1900 Hungary was a regional power in Europe with imperial pretensions; by 1919 it was crippled by profound territorial, social and national transformations. This book chronicles the development of eugenic thinking in early twentieth-century Hungary, examining how eugenics was an integral part of this dynamic historical transformation.


The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress by Cameron Muir

The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress
  • Title : The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress
  • Author : Cameron Muir
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317910583
  • Pages : 230
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Food and the global agricultural system has become one of the defining public concerns of the twenty-first century. Ecological disorder and inequity is at the heart of our food system. This thoughtful and confronting book tells the story of how the development of modern agriculture promised ecological and social stability but instead descended into dysfunction. Contributing to knowledge in environmental, cultural and agricultural histories, it explores how people have tried to live in the aftermath of ‘ecological imperialism’. The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress: An environmental history journeys to the dry inland plains of Australia where European ideas and agricultural technologies clashed with a volatile and taunting country that resisted attempts to subdue and transform it for the supply of global markets. Its wide-ranging narrative puts gritty local detail in its global context to tell the story of how cultural anxieties about civilisation, population, and race, shaped agriculture in the twentieth century. It ranges from isolated experiment farms to nutrition science at the League of Nations, from local landholders to high profile moral crusaders, including an Australian apricot grower who met Franklin D. Roosevelt and almost fed the world. This book will be useful to undergraduates and postgraduates on courses examining international comparisons of nineteenth and twentieth century agriculture, and courses studying colonial development and settler societies. It will also appeal to food concerned general readers.


Crafting Humans by Marius Turda

Crafting Humans
  • Title : Crafting Humans
  • Author : Marius Turda
  • Publisher : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • ISBN Code : 3847000594
  • Pages : 197
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

‘Crafting humans’ – and its corollary human enhancement – is a contested topic, both in medical sciences and the humanities. With continuing advances in science and technology, scientists and the general public alike are aware that the basic foundations of the human condition are now at stake. This volume contributes to this growing body of work. It offers insights into some of the reflections and imaginaries that have inspired and legitimated both theoretical and practical programmes for ‘crafting’ humans, ranging from the religious/spiritualist and the philosophical/cultural to the secular and the scientific/scientistic; from the religious and mystical quest for human perfection to the biopolitical eugenic state of the twentieth century and current theories of human enhancement. This volume discusses these topics in a synchronized way, as interrelated variants of the most central story in history, that of human perfectibility.


Sterilized by the State by Randall Hansen,Desmond King

Sterilized by the State
  • Title : Sterilized by the State
  • Author : Randall Hansen,Desmond King
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN Code : 1107434599
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This book is the first comprehensive analysis of eugenics in North America focused on the second half of the twentieth century. Based on new research, Randall Hansen and Desmond King show why eugenic sterilization policies persisted after the 1940s in the United States and Canada. Through extensive archival research, King and Hansen show how both superintendents at homes for the 'feebleminded' and pro-sterilization advocates repositioned themselves after 1945 to avoid the taint of Nazi eugenics. Drawing on interviews with victims of sterilization and primary documents, this book traces the post-1940s development of eugenic policy and shows that both eugenic arguments and committed eugenicists informed population, welfare, and birth control policy in postwar America. In providing revisionist histories of the choice movement, the anti-population growth movement, and the Great Society programs, this book contributes to public policy and political and intellectual history.


Better Britons by Nadine Attewell

Better Britons
  • Title : Better Britons
  • Author : Nadine Attewell
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN Code : 1442667079
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.


Health Promotion Theory by Cragg, Liza,Davies, Maggie,Macdowall, Wendy

Health Promotion Theory
  • Title : Health Promotion Theory
  • Author : Cragg, Liza,Davies, Maggie,Macdowall, Wendy
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
  • ISBN Code : 0335263208
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This fully updated edition will help students and professionals develop an understanding of the core health promotion theories.


The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity by John Cawley

The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity
  • Author : John Cawley
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0199876177
  • Pages : 912
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

There is an urgent need to better understand the causes and consequences of obesity, and to learn what works to prevent or reduce obesity. This volume accurately and conveniently summarizes the findings and insights of obesity-related research from the full range of social sciences including anthropology, economics, government, psychology, and sociology. It is an excellent resource for researchers in these areas, both bringing them up to date on the relevant research in their own discipline and allowing them to quickly and easily understand the cutting-edge research being produced in other disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity is a critical reference for obesity researchers and is also valuable for public health officials, policymakers, nutritionists, and medical practitioners. The first section of the book explains how each social science discipline models human behavior (in particular, diet and physical activity), and summarizes the major research literatures on obesity in that discipline. The second section provides important practical information for researchers, including a guide to publicly available social science data on obesity and an overview of the challenges to causal inference in obesity research. The third part of the book synthesizes social science research on specific causes and correlates of obesity, such as food advertising, food prices, and peers. The fourth section summarizes social science research on the consequences of obesity, such as lower wages, job absenteeism, and discrimination. The fifth and final section reviews the social science literature on obesity treatment and prevention, such as food taxes, school-based interventions, and medical treatments such as anti-obesity drugs and bariatric surgery.


The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research by Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer

The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research
  • Author : Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019163543X
  • Pages : 1112
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate many aspects of law's meaning, operation and impact. In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - on criminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law school curriculum.


The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law by Markus Dirk Dubber

The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law
  • Author : Markus Dirk Dubber
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199673594
  • Pages : 1203
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Providing scholars with a comprehensive international resource, a common point of entry into cutting edge contemporary research and a snapshot of the state and scope of the field, this Handbook takes a broad approach to its subject matter, disciplinarily, geographically, and systemically.


The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies by Peter Hayes,John K. Roth

The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies
  • Author : Peter Hayes,John K. Roth
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019165079X
  • Pages : 792
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Few scholarly fields have developed in recent decades as rapidly and vigorously as Holocaust Studies. At the start of the twenty-first century, the persecution and murder perpetrated by the Nazi regime have become the subjects of an enormous literature in multiple academic disciplines and a touchstone of public and intellectual discourse in such diverse fields as politics, ethics and religion. Forward-looking and multi-disciplinary, this handbook draws on the work of an international team of forty-seven outstanding scholars. The handbook is thematically divided into five broad sections. Part One, Enablers, concentrates on the broad and necessary contextual conditions for the Holocaust. Part Two, Protagonists, concentrates on the principal persons and groups involved in the Holocaust and attempts to disaggregate the conventional interpretive categories of perpetrator, victim, and bystander. It examines the agency of the Nazi leaders and killers and of those involved in resisting and surviving the assault. Part Three, Settings, concentrates on the particular places, sites, and physical circumstances where the actions of the Holocaust's protagonists and the forms of persecution were literally grounded. Part Four, Representations, engages complex questions about how the Holocaust can and should be grasped and what meaning or lack of meaning might be attributed to events through historical analysis, interpretation of texts, artistic creation and criticism, and philosophical and religious reflection. Part Five, Aftereffects, explores the Holocaust's impact on politics and ethics, education and religion, national identities and international relations, the prospects for genocide prevention, and the defense of human rights.


The Handbook of Genetics & Society by Paul Atkinson,Peter Glasner,Margaret Lock

The Handbook of Genetics & Society
  • Title : The Handbook of Genetics & Society
  • Author : Paul Atkinson,Peter Glasner,Margaret Lock
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134128770
  • Pages : 500
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

An authoritative Handbook which offers a discussion of the social, political, ethical and economic consequences and implications of the new bio-sciences. The Handbook takes an interdisciplinary approach providing a synoptic overview of contemporary international social science research on genetics, genomics and the new life sciences. It brings together leading scholars with expertise across a wide-ranging spectrum of research fields related to the production, use, commercialisation and regulation of genetics knowledge. The Handbook is structured into seven cross-cutting themes in contemporary social science research on genetics with introductions written by internationally renowned section editors who take an interdisciplinary approach to offer fresh insights on recent developments and issues in often controversial fields of study. The Handbook explores local and global issues and critically approaches a wide range of public and policy questions, providing an invaluable reference source to a wide variety of researchers, academics and policy makers.


War Against the Weak by Edwin Black

War Against the Weak
  • Title : War Against the Weak
  • Author : Edwin Black
  • Publisher : Dialog Press
  • ISBN Code : 0914153307
  • Pages : 608
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

War Against the Weak is the gripping chronicle documenting how American corporate philanthropies launched a national campaign of ethnic cleansing in the United States, helped found and fund the Nazi eugenics of Hitler and Mengele -- and then created the modern movement of "human genetics." Some 60,000 Americans were sterilized under laws in 27 states. This expanded edition includes two new essays on state genocide.


Global Population by Alison Bashford

Global Population
  • Title : Global Population
  • Author : Alison Bashford
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • ISBN Code : 023114766X
  • Pages : 512
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Concern about the size of the world’s population did not begin with the Baby Boomers. Overpopulation as a conceptual problem originated after World War I and was understood as an issue with far-reaching ecological, agricultural, economic, and geopolitical consequences. This study traces the idea of a world population problem as it developed from the 1920s through the 1950s, long before the late-1960s notion of a postwar “population bomb.” Drawing on international conference transcripts, the volume reconstructs the twentieth-century discourse on population as an international issue concerned with migration, colonial expansion, sovereignty, and globalization. It connects the genealogy of population discourse to the rise of economically and demographically defined global regions, the characterization of “civilizations” with different standards of living, global attitudes toward “development,” and first- and third-world designations.


The Oxford Handbook of Business History by Geoffrey Jones,Jonathan Zeitlin

The Oxford Handbook of Business History
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Business History
  • Author : Geoffrey Jones,Jonathan Zeitlin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191555770
  • Pages : 736
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art survey of research in business history. Business historians study the historical evolution of business systems, entrepreneurs and firms, as well as their interaction with their political, economic, and social environment. They address issues of central concern to researchers in management studies and business administration, as well as economics, sociology and political science, and to historians. They employ a range of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, but all share a belief in the importance of understanding change over time. The Oxford Handbook of Business History has brought together leading scholars to provide a comprehensive, critical, and interdisciplinary examination of business history, organized into four parts: Approaches and Debates; Forms of Business Organization; Functions of Enterprise; and Enterprise and Society. The Handbook shows that business history is a wide-ranging and dynamic area of study, generating compelling empirical data, which has sometimes confirmed and sometimes contested widely-held views in management and the social sciences. The Oxford Handbook of Business History is a key reference work for scholars and advanced students of Business History, and a fascinating resource for social scientists in general.


The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century by Michael N. Forster,Kristin Gjesdal

The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century
  • Author : Michael N. Forster,Kristin Gjesdal
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199696543
  • Pages : 872
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

No period of history has been richer in philosophical discoveries than Germany during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. And while it was the eighteenth century that saw Germany attain maturity in the discipline (above all in the works of Immanuel Kant), it was arguably the nineteenth century that bore the greatest philosophical fruits. he Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of thisgreat period in intellectual history. A team of leading experts explore individual philosophers working in the period, including Fichte, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche; key philosophical movements associatedwith it, Idealism and Romanticism amongst them; different areas of philosophy that received particular attention at this time; and the central philosophical topics under debate. An essential resource for anyone working in the area, the Handbook will lead the direction of future research in this vital period of philosophy.


The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought by Marouf Arif Hasian

The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought
  • Title : The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought
  • Author : Marouf Arif Hasian
  • Publisher : University of Georgia Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780820317717
  • Pages : 265
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Ranging in subject from England's poor laws to the Human Genome Project, The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought is one of the first books to look at the history and development of the eugenics movement in Anglo-American culture. Unlike other works that focus on the movement's historical aberrancies or the claims of its hardline proponents, this study highlights the often unnoticed ways in which the language and ideas of eugenics have permeated democratic discourse. Marouf A. Hasian, Jr. not only examines the attempts of philosophers, scientists, and politicians to balance the rights of the individual against the duties of the state, but also shows how African Americans, Catholics, women, and other communities--dominant and marginalized--have appropriated or confronted the rhetoric of eugenics. Hasian contends that "eugenics" is an ambiguous term that has allowed people to voice their concerns on a number of social issues--a form of discourse that influences the way ordinary citizens make sense of their material and spiritual world. While biological determinism and social necessity are discussed in the works of Plato, Malthus, and Darwin, among others, with theories ranging from equality for all to natural superiority, it is Galton's observations on "positive" and "negative" eugenics that have been widely used to justify a variety of social and political projects--including the sterilization and segregation of the unfit, immigration restrictions, marriage regulations, substance abuse, physical and mental testing, and the establishment of health programs that sought to improve "hygiene." Women, African Americans, and other marginalized communities, for instance, have at times lost reproductive rights in the name of "liberty," "opportunity," or "necessity." Eugenical arguments are more than a creation of pseudo-science or misapplied genetical analysis, Hasian determines; they are also rhetorical fragments, representing the ideologies of multitudes of social actors who, across time, have reconfigured these ideas to legitimize many agendas.


The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education by John L. Rury,Eileen H. Tamura

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Education
  • Author : John L. Rury,Eileen H. Tamura
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 019934003X
  • Pages : 632
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This handbook offers a global view of the historical development of educational institutions, systems of schooling, ideas about education, and educational experiences. Its 36 chapters consider changing scholarship in the field, examine nationally-oriented works by comparing themes andapproaches, lend international perspective on a range of issues in education, and provide suggestions for further research and analysis.Like many other subfields of historical analysis, the history of education has been deeply affected by global processes of social and political change, especially since the 1960s. The handbook weighs the influence of various interpretive perspectives, including revisionist viewpoints, takingparticular note of changes in the past half century. Contributors consider how schooling and other educational experiences have been shaped by the larger social and political context, and how these influences have affected the experiences of students, their families and the educators who have workedwith them.The Handbook provides insight and perspective on a wide range of topics, including pre-modern education, colonialism and anti-colonial struggles, indigenous education, minority issues in education, comparative, international, and transnational education, childhood education, non-formal and informaleducation, and a range of other issues. Each contribution includes endnotes and a bibliography for readers interested in further study.


The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies by Trevor Pinch,Karin Bijsterveld

The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies
  • Author : Trevor Pinch,Karin Bijsterveld
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195388941
  • Pages : 593
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Written by the world's leading scholars and researchers in the emerging field of sound studies, The Oxford Handbook of Sound Studies offers new and fully engaging perspectives on the significance of sound in its material and cultural forms. The book considers sounds and music as experienced in such diverse settings as shop floors, laboratories, clinics, design studios, homes, and clubs, across an impressively broad range of historical periods and national and cultural contexts.Science has traditionally been understood as a visual matter, a study which has historically been undertaken with optical technologies such as slides, graphs, and telescopes. This book questions that notion powerfully by showing how listening has contributed to scientific practice. Sounds have always been a part of human experience, shaping and transforming the world in which we live in ways that often go unnoticed. Sounds and music, the authors argue, are embedded in the fabric of everyday life, art, commerce, and politics in ways which impact our perception of the world. Through an extraordinarily diverse set of case studies, authors illustrate how sounds -- from the sounds of industrialization, to the sounds of automobiles, to sounds in underwater music and hip-hop, to the sounds of nanotechnology -- give rise to new forms listening practices. In addition, the book discusses the rise of new public problems such as noise pollution, hearing loss, and the "end" of the amateur musician that stem from the spread and appropriation of new sound- and music-related technologies, analog and digital, in many domains of life.Rich in vivid and detailed examples and compelling case studies, and featuring a companion website of listening samples, this remarkable volume boldly challenges readers to rethink the way they hear and understand the world.


Building the New Man by Francesco Cassata

Building the New Man
  • Title : Building the New Man
  • Author : Francesco Cassata
  • Publisher : Central European University Press
  • ISBN Code : 9639776831
  • Pages : 428
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Based on previously unexplored archival documentation, this book offers the first general overview of the history of Italian eugenics, not limited to the decades of Fascist regime, but instead ranging from the beginning of the 1900s to the first half of the 1970s. The Author discusses several fundamental themes of the comparative history of eugenics: the importance of the Latin eugenic model; the relationship between eugenics and fascism; the influence of Catholicism on the eugenic discourse and the complex links between genetics and eugenics. It examines the Liberal pre-fascist period and the post-WW2 transition from fascist and racial eugenics to medical and human genetics. As far as fascist eugenics is concerned, the book provides a refreshing analysis, considering Italian eugenics as the most important case-study in order to define Latin eugenics as an alternative model to its Anglo-American, German and Scandinavian counterparts. Analyses in detail the nature-nurture debate during the State racist campaign in fascist Italy (1938–1943) as a boundary tool in the contraposition between the different institutional, political and ideological currents of fascist racism.


The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory by David Copp

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory
  • Author : David Copp
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • ISBN Code : 0195147790
  • Pages : 665
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Handbook is a comprehensive reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned articles by leading scholars. The first part treats meta-ethics and the second part normative ethical theory. As with all the Oxford Handbooks, the collection is designed to achieve three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and defenses of distinct points of view.


The Oxford Handbook of Schopenhauer by Robert L. Wicks

The Oxford Handbook of Schopenhauer
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Schopenhauer
  • Author : Robert L. Wicks
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190660058
  • Pages : 640
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

More than two hundred years after the publication of his seminal The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer's influence is still felt in philosophy and beyond. As one of the most readable and central philosophers of the 19th century, his work inspired the most influential thinkers and artists of his time, including Nietzsche, Freud, and Wagner. Though known primarily as a herald of philosophical pessimism, the full range of his contributions is displayed here in a collection of thirty-one essays on the forefront of Schopenhauer scholarship. Essays written by contemporary Schopenhauer scholars explore his central notions, including the will, empirical knowledge, and the sublime, and widens to the interplay of ethics and religion with Schopenhauer's philosophy. Authors confront difficult aspects of Schopenhauer's work and legacy--for example, the extent to which Schopenhauer adopted ideas from his predecessors compared to how much was original and visionary in his central claim that reality is a blind, senseless "will," the effectiveness of his philosophy in the field of scientific explanation and extrasensory phenomena, and the role of beauty and sublimity in his outlook. Essays also challenge prevailing assumptions about Schopenhauer by exploring the fundamental role of compassion in his moral theory, the Hindu, Christian, and Buddhist aspects of his philosophy, and the importance of asceticism in his views on the meaning of life. The collection is an internationally constituted work that reflects upon Schopenhauer's philosophy with authors presently working across the globe. It demonstrates fully the richness of Schopenhauer's work and his lasting impact on philosophy and psychoanalysis, as well as upon music, the visual arts, and literature.


The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences by Karine Chemla,Renaud Chorlay,David Rabouin

The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences
  • Author : Karine Chemla,Renaud Chorlay,David Rabouin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0198777264
  • Pages : 528
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Generality is a key value in scientific discourses and practices. Throughout history, it has received a variety of meanings and of uses. This collection of original essays aims to inquire into this diversity. Through case studies taken from the history of mathematics, physics and the life sciences, the book provides evidence of different ways of understanding the general in various contexts. It aims at showing how collectives have valued generality and how they have worked with specific types of "general" entities, procedures, and arguments. The books connects history and philosophy of mathematics and the sciences at the intersection of two of the most fruitful contemporary lines of research: historical epistemology, in which values (e.g. "objectivity," "accuracy") are studied from a historical viewpoint; and the philosophy of scientific practice, in which conceptual developments are seen as embedded in networks of social, instrumental, and textual practices. Each chapter provides a self-contained case-study, with a clear exposition of the scientific content at stake. The collection covers a wide range of scientific domains - with an emphasis on mathematics - and historical periods. It thus allows a comparative perspective which suggests a non-linear pattern for a history of generality. The introductory chapter spells out the key issues and points to the connections between the chapters.


Eugenic Nation by Alexandra Stern

Eugenic Nation
  • Title : Eugenic Nation
  • Author : Alexandra Stern
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780520244436
  • Pages : 347
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"Eugenic Nation is a masterful work that offers a bold and provocative argument about the impact of eugenics on California and the nation as a whole. Stern's analyses of US-Mexico immigration policy and 'eugenic landscapes' are particularly innovative and will surely change how subsequent scholars approach these topics."--Molly Ladd-Taylor, author of Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State, 1890-1930 "At long last a book about eugenics in California, which sterilized more people than any other state. Eugenic Nation reveals what fueled the movement, including Hispanic immigration, fear of disease, and environmental preservation. In all, an important and thought-provoking book."--Daniel J. Kevles, author of In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity "Stern brilliantly exposes the dark role that the Golden State played as a leader in the closely-linked eugenics and early conservation movements. By demonstrating how theory became practice in California's institutions and laws, and how those ideas persist today, she reveals the survival of demons we thought we had vanquished."--Gray A. Brechin, author of Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin "Eugenic Nation examines the science of 'better breeding' in the American West, revealing the intimate relations of race science, gender, sexuality, and population policy in the twentieth century. With this important book, Stern transforms our understanding of eugenics in the US."--Warwick Anderson, author of The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia


The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics by Eleanor Robson,Jacqueline Stedall

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics
  • Author : Eleanor Robson,Jacqueline Stedall
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 0191607444
  • Pages : 926
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Handbook explores the history of mathematics under a series of themes which raise new questions about what mathematics has been and what it has meant to practise it. It addresses questions of who creates mathematics, who uses it, and how. A broader understanding of mathematical practitioners naturally leads to a new appreciation of what counts as a historical source. Material and oral evidence is drawn upon as well as an unusual array of textual sources. Further, the ways in which people have chosen to express themselves are as historically meaningful as the contents of the mathematics they have produced. Mathematics is not a fixed and unchanging entity. New questions, contexts, and applications all influence what counts as productive ways of thinking. Because the history of mathematics should interact constructively with other ways of studying the past, the contributors to this book come from a diverse range of intellectual backgrounds in anthropology, archaeology, art history, philosophy, and literature, as well as history of mathematics more traditionally understood. The thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters, each written by a specialist, are arranged under three main headings: 'Geographies and Cultures', 'Peoples and Practices', and 'Interactions and Interpretations'. Together they deal with the mathematics of 5000 years, but without privileging the past three centuries, and an impressive range of periods and places with many points of cross-reference between chapters. The key mathematical cultures of North America, Europe, the Middle East, India, and China are all represented here as well as areas which are not often treated in mainstream history of mathematics, such as Russia, the Balkans, Vietnam, and South America. A vital reference for graduates and researchers in mathematics, historians of science, and general historians.


The Oxford Handbook of Dance and Ethnicity by Assistant Professor of Dance and Cultural Studies Anthony Shay,Barbara Sellers-Young

The Oxford Handbook of Dance and Ethnicity
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Dance and Ethnicity
  • Author : Assistant Professor of Dance and Cultural Studies Anthony Shay,Barbara Sellers-Young
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 9780199754281
  • Pages : 704
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

"This compilation of 31essays from scholars throughout the globe examines the relationship between ethnicity as a signifier of identity and the dances associated with an ethnic designation. As such, it incorporates the critiques of previous designations of dance as folk, classical, etc. in favor of a more nuanced and complex view of ethnicity as at the intersection of race, gender, nation and life style"--


A Short History of Medical Genetics by Peter S. Harper

A Short History of Medical Genetics
  • Title : A Short History of Medical Genetics
  • Author : Peter S. Harper
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0195187504
  • Pages : 557
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Historians and social scientists will likewise find this book an important foundation for future detailed studies, which are urgently needed."--BOOK JACKET.


The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution by Michael J. Braddick

The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution
  • Author : Michael J. Braddick
  • Publisher : Oxford Handbooks
  • ISBN Code : 019969589X
  • Pages : 619
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This Handbook brings together leading historians of the events surrounding the English revolution, exploring how the events of the revolution grew out of, and resonated, in the politics and interactions of the each of the Three Kingdoms - England, Scotland, and Ireland. It captures a shared British and Irish history, comparing the significance of events and outcomes across the Three Kingdoms. In doing so, theHandbook offers a broader context for the history of the Scottish Covenanters, the Irish Rising of 1641, and the government of Confederate Ireland, as well as the British and Irish perspective on the English civil wars, the English revolution, the Regicide, and Cromwellian period. The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution explores the significance of these events on a much broader front than conventional studies. The events are approached not simply as political, economic, and social crises, but as challenges to the predominant forms of religious and political thought, social relations, and standard forms of cultural expression. The contributors provide up-to-date analysis of the political happenings, considering the structures of social and political life that shaped and were re-shaped by the crisis. The Handbook goes on to explore the long-term legacies of the crisis in the Three Kingdoms and their impact in a wider European context.


The Oxford Handbook of Qur'anic Studies by Mustafa Shah,M. A. S. Abdel Haleem

The Oxford Handbook of Qur'anic Studies
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of Qur'anic Studies
  • Author : Mustafa Shah,M. A. S. Abdel Haleem
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0199698643
  • Pages : 944
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

The Qur'an is the foundational sacred text of the Islamic faith. Traditionally revered as the literal word of God, its pronouncements and discussions form the bedrock of Islamic beliefs and teachings. Notwithstanding its religious pre-eminence and the fact that it is the sacred text for over one billion of the world's Muslims, the Qur'an is also considered to be the matchless masterpiece of the Arabic language. Its historical impact as a text can be discerned in all aspects of the heritage of the Arabic literary tradition. Over recent decades, academic engagement with the Qur'an has produced an impressive array of scholarship, ranging from detailed studies of the text's unique language, style and structure, to meticulous surveys of its contents, concepts and historical contexts. The Oxford Handbook of Qur'anic Studies is an essential reference and starting point for those with an academic interest in the Qur'an. It offers not only detailed reviews of influential subjects in the field, but also a critical overview of developments in the research discourse. It explores the tradition of Qur'anic exegesis and hermeneutics, making it a comprehensive academic resource for the study of the Qur'an. No single volume devoted to such a broad academic survey of the state of the field currently exists.


DE EVOLUTION by Jeff Frank

DE EVOLUTION
  • Title : DE EVOLUTION
  • Author : Jeff Frank
  • Publisher : Page Publishing Inc
  • ISBN Code : 1684096626
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

A large sophisticated telescope complex sits atop a dormant volcano in one of Earth's most remote locations. Some incredibly bright but fiercely independent folks operate it much of the time. They detect, map, and perform threat analysis of near-Earth objects. Shortly after the world narrowly escapes an extinction event, they start collecting pieces of a related cosmic puzzle. When they've connected enough of them, an intriguing and disturbing picture emerges. Yet the most revealing pieces don't reveal themselves until after all life on Earth already has begun marching in lockstep toward possible oblivion.


Representing Argentinian Mothers by Yolanda Eraso

Representing Argentinian Mothers
  • Title : Representing Argentinian Mothers
  • Author : Yolanda Eraso
  • Publisher : Brill Rodopi
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 293
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Motherhood holds a special place in Argentinian culture. Representing Argentinian Mothers examines the historical intersections of medicine and culture that have underpinned the representations of motherhood during the first half of the twentieth century. From the emergence of a medicalised maternal figure at the beginning of the century to the appearance of a new, politicised mother-figure by the time of Eva Perón, the contentious representations of motherhood constitute a privileged viewpoint to explore the tensions and conflicts underlying the country's modernisation process. At the core of the analysis is an evaluation of the way in which medical representations of motherhood have been implicated, confirmed or contested in other significant areas of the social and cultural fields. Through detailed examination of a rich selection of sources including medical texts, newspapers, novels, photojournalism, and paintings, Representing Argentinian Mothers adopts an interdisciplinary approach and an innovative framework based on categories and notions drawn from the History of Ideas and Cultural History. By enquiring about the influence of medicine in the field of ideas, beliefs and images, Yolanda Eraso elaborates new insights to understand their interaction, which will appeal to anyone with an interest in the Medical Humanities.Yolanda Eraso is Associate Lecturer, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University. She has published on various aspects of the social history of medicine and on contemporary issues in health policy.


The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine by Mark Jackson

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine
  • Author : Mark Jackson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN Code : 0199546495
  • Pages : 672
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

In three sections, the Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine celebrates the richness and variety of medical history around the world. It explore medical developments and trends in writing history according to period, place, and theme.


Modernism and Eugenics by Marius Turda

Modernism and Eugenics
  • Title : Modernism and Eugenics
  • Author : Marius Turda
  • Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 189
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

Is the nation an 'imagined community' centered on culture or rather a biological community determined by heredity? Modernism and Eugenics examines this question from a bifocal perspective. On the one hand, it looks at technologies through which the individual body was re-defined eugenically by a diverse range of European scientists and politicians between 1870 and 1940; on the other, it illuminates how the national community was represented by eugenic discourses that strove to battle a perceived process of cultural decay and biological degeneration. In the wake of a renewed interest in the history of science and fascism, Modernism and Eugenics treats the history of eugenics not as distorted version of crude social Darwinism that found its culmination in the Nazi policies of genocide but as an integral part of European modernity, one in which the state and the individual embarked on an unprecedented quest to renew an idealized national community.


The Oxford Handbook of the Baroque by John D. Lyons

The Oxford Handbook of the Baroque
  • Title : The Oxford Handbook of the Baroque
  • Author : John D. Lyons
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN Code : 0190678445
  • Pages : 912
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Summary:

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online.