Turkey And The European Union The Question Of European Identity

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Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Yonca Özer
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317006011
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Turkey and the European Union by Yonca Özer Summary

The accession of Turkey to the EU presents a fascinating case study for all those with an interest in europeanisation. Officially recognised as a candidate for full membership in 1999 Turkey's negotiations with the EU have been protracted and highly controversial. Turkey and the European Union: Processes of Europeanisation offers a coherent and focussed account of Turkey's recent relations and accession negotiations with the EU. Europeanisation as an explanatory tool is used to review how the EU has successfully induced change in Turkish policies and institutions whilst careful analysis is also conducted into where europeanisation has failed and explores how it may even have inadvertently contributed to forming a backlash against accession. Authoritative local and International contributors provide in-depth analysis as to why the process has had such a varied impact across a range of policies and institutions and ask, given the high costs of joining the EU and decreasing incentives, if europeanisation can still exert an influence in the future. Despite Turkey's unique geographical and political position between East and West the relationship with the EU is not a case sui generis. This book offers valuable insights on the effectiveness of europeanisation for all those within and without the framework of the European Union.

Turkey's Accession to the European Union

Turkey's Accession to the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edel Hughes
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136914447
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Turkey's Accession to the European Union by Edel Hughes Summary

Turkey’s accession to the European Union is undoubtedly one of the Union’s most contested potential enlargements. The narrative that dominates the debate surrounding this issue primarily relates to problems such as a lack of respect for fundamental human rights in Turkey, the Kurdish question and the continuing stalemate concerning northern Cyprus. This book looks at these issues, but also proposes that a review of Turkey’s experience with the EU in its numerous incarnations suggests that these concerns may mask a deeper disquiet. Whilst there are several questions that Turkey must address, particularly in the area of human rights guarantees, the concerns which raise debates regarding Turkish membership are not issues that are unique to Turkey. Turkey’s EU experience also raises fundamental questions about religion and the EU project that have greater implication than simply Turkish accession. Through the lens of the Turkish example, this book addresses these broader questions, such as the nature of European ‘identity’, Europe’s Christian past, the limits of pluralism and the fundamental question of religion in the European public sphere. This book will be of great interest to those engaged in research on European law and politics at undergraduate or postgraduate level. It is also aimed at academics with an interest in human rights and the European Union and with a regional interest in Turkey.

Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Firat Cengiz,Lars Hoffmann
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113407462X
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Turkey and the European Union by Firat Cengiz,Lars Hoffmann Summary

In recent years, Turkey has become an ever more important actor on the international stage. However, Turkey-EU relations still remain in a state of flux. The EU and Turkey seem to have moved apart in their political aspirations after Turkey’s EU accession talks faced a stalemate over the Republic of Cyprus’ EU accession as a divided island. Likewise, both Turkey and the EU have recently faced new socio-political realities, such as the Eurozone crisis, the Arab Spring and the Turkish government’s shifting foreign policy towards the Middle East region. Such developments have rendered EU membership potentially a less desirable prospect for an increasingly self-confident Turkey. In light of these recent events, this book explores the evolving challenges and opportunities facing the more than 50-year old Turkey-EU relationship. This volume focuses particularly on the role of the Cyprus issue, the potential for closer Turkey-EU cooperation in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, the impact on Turkish citizens and politics, as well as the concept of Europeanization, especially in relation to Turkey’s democratic reform process. In drawing together perspectives from the disciplines of international relations, political science and law, this book offers a unique, interdisciplinary outlook towards the changing role of Europe in Turkey’s political discourse. This book will be of interest to researchers and students of Turkey-EU relations, EU external relations Law, Europeanization and Turkish and Middle Eastern politics.

Constructions of European Identity

Constructions of European Identity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Senem Ayd?n-Düzgit
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137283513
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Constructions of European Identity by Senem Ayd?n-Düzgit Summary

This book examines EU discourses on Turkey in the European Commission, European Parliament and three EU member states (France, Germany and Britain), to reveal the discursive construction of European identity through EU representations of Turkey. Based on a poststructuralist framework that conceptualizes identity as discursively constructed through difference, the book applies Critical Discourse Analysis to the analysis of texts and argues that there are multiple Europe(s) that are constructed in talks over the enlargement of Turkey, varying within and between different ideological, national and institutional contexts. The book discerns four main discourse topics over which these Europe(s) are constructed, corresponding to the conceptualization of Europe as a security community, as an upholder of democratic values, as a political project and as a cultural space. The book argues that Turkey constitutes a key case in exploring various discursive constructs of European identity, since the talks on Turkey pave the way for the construction of different versions of Europe in discourse.

Turkey

Turkey Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Finkel
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199939101
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Turkey by Andrew Finkel Summary

Turkey occupies a strategic position in today's world: the only predominantly Muslim nation to be a member of NATO and an ally of Israel, it straddles both Europe and Asia. Turkey is the link between Islam and Western democracy, between Europe and the Middle East. In this concise introduction, Andrew Finkel, who has spent twenty years in Turkey writing about the country for publications such as The Economist and Time magazine, unravels Turkey's complexities. He sets the complications and transformations of present-day Turkey against the historical background of the Ottoman Empire, the secular nationalist revolution led by Kemal Atat?rk, and repeated political interventions by the military, which sees itself as the guardian of Atat?rk's legacy. Finkel reveals a nation full of surprises. Where else but in Turkey, Finkel writes, would secularist liberals have supported a prime minister who was once jailed for promoting religious extremism? From the Kurdish question to economic policy, from Turkey's role in Iraq to its quest for EU membership, Finkel illuminates the past and present of this unique, and uniquely consequential, country in Turkey: What Everyone Needs to Know?. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

The Concept of a European Identity. Does Turkey culturally fit to Europe?

The Concept of a European Identity. Does Turkey culturally fit to Europe? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: N.A
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656688680
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The Concept of a European Identity. Does Turkey culturally fit to Europe? by N.A Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Near East, Near Orient, grade: 1,7, University of Frankfurt (Main), language: English, abstract: For more than 50 years, Turkey is waiting at the gates of the European Union (EU). Already in 1963 the European Economic Community (EEC) and Turkey joined an association agreement, the so-called Ankara Agreement, establishing a common customs union. Since then the country strives for a full membership in the EU, in October 2005 the accession negotiations officially began. Ever since an open debate prevailed within the EU on whether Turkey really belongs in the community or not. Reports of honor killings, forced marriages, restricted freedom of expression and freedom of the press or even the recent Gezipark protests heated up the debate among politicians, EU citizens as well as the media. In addition to economic, political, geographic and geostrategic arguments for and against the accession of Turkey, especially one issue is highly debated: Does the Turkey culturally fit in the EU?

Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ali Carkoglu,Barry Rubin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135761205
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Turkey and the European Union by Ali Carkoglu,Barry Rubin Summary

These papers examine the history behind Turkey's application for EU membership. The contributors tackle the thorny issues of Cyprus, Turkey's attitude towards a common defence policy and Turkish parliamentarians' views on the nation's relations with the European Union.

The Greek Crisis and European Modernity

The Greek Crisis and European Modernity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,Hara Kouki
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137276258
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The Greek Crisis and European Modernity by Anna Triandafyllidou,Hara Kouki Summary

This collection explores the current economic and political crisis in Greece and more widely in Europe. Greece is used to illustrate and exemplify the contradictions of the dominant paradigm of European modernity, the ruptures that are inherent to it, and the alternative modernity discourses that develop within Europe.

Turkey’s Accession to the European Union

Turkey’s Accession to the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Constantine Arvanitopoulos
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540881972
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Turkey’s Accession to the European Union by Constantine Arvanitopoulos Summary

European views on Turkey’s membership in the EU have been split between those in support of its full integration and those advocating a privileged partnership. To the extent that many of the latter proposals imply that Turkey will be partially integrated within Europe in certain areas, the question of Turkey’s accession is probably not about ‘if’, but about ‘how much’ integration there will be within the Union’s structures. The purpose of this book is not to offer a definitive response to this question. The book aims instead to examine the complexity of the issues pertaining to Turkey’s prospective EU membership by presenting several, often divergent, accounts of the political, security and socio-economic dimensions of the entire process. The book provides a forum for an exchange of views among distinguished scholars and researchers from different national backgrounds in order to contribute to the ongoing public discussion of Turkey’s accession. Sophisticated, informative and refreshing in its argumentation, the book provides an excellent overview of the complexities of Turkey’s accession to the EU membership. Professor Mustafa Aydin, TOBB University of Economics and Technology A refreshing view from the European periphery, an original mirror of the Union's central challenges. Professor Georges Prevelakis, University of Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne

Europeanization and Tolerance in Turkey

Europeanization and Tolerance in Turkey Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. Kaya
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137318198
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Europeanization and Tolerance in Turkey by A. Kaya Summary

The book questions the popularity of the notion of tolerance in Turkey, and argues that the regime of tolerance has been strengthened in parallel with the Europeanization process, which has boosted the rhetoric of the Alliance of Civilizations in a way that culturalized what is social and political.

Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: P. Levin
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230119573
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Turkey and the European Union by P. Levin Summary

This book carefully examines the historical roots of contemporary Western prejudices against both Muslims and Turks, and presents an original theory of collective identity as dramatic re-enactment as a means of understanding the remarkable persistence of medieval stereotypes.

The Influence of the European Union on Turkish Foreign Policy

The Influence of the European Union on Turkish Foreign Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Özlem Terzi
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131702754X
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The Influence of the European Union on Turkish Foreign Policy by Özlem Terzi Summary

EU membership provides member states with a new perception of their place in the world; their foreign policies very much influenced by their involvement in the politics of Brussels. The candidate countries also go through the same experience. The membership prospect however, presented a serious challenge to Turkish foreign policy and it was obvious from the moment Turkey was declared as a candidate country in 1999 that its membership perspective was linked to the solution of problems in its domestic and foreign relations. In this book, Özlem Terzi examines the influence of the European Union on the making of Turkish foreign policy since it was declared a candidate country. By comparing an issue specific analysis alongside an actor-based focus, Terzi questions whether such a transformation in the self-perceptions of Turkish policy makers is actually taking place, and whether the policy making process with respect to foreign policy issues expands to include new actors, like the civil society, thus democratizing the way foreign policy is made. Case study rich and packed with interviews with actors involved in policy making in Brussels and Ankara, this book enables the reader to correctly discern the factors that make the Turkish case unique and to reveal whether certain aspects of Turkey's pre-accession process are not as unique as we think. 'The Influence of the European Union on Turkish Foreign Policy' is a valuable and informative contribution for students, researchers and scholars interested on the transformative power of the EU and the role of Turkey's relationship with its neighbours.

Turkey Before and After Ataturk

Turkey Before and After Ataturk Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sylvia Kedourie
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136325522
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Turkey Before and After Ataturk by Sylvia Kedourie Summary

Turkey's modern history has been unstable and contradictory. National identity continues to be an issue as Turks are faced with joining the West and preserving their own culture. The emergence of Islamicism contributes to the question of how safe the secular constitutional democracy is.

Citizenship in a Global World

Citizenship in a Global World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Fuat Keyman,Ahmet Icduygu
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134325959
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Citizenship in a Global World by Fuat Keyman,Ahmet Icduygu Summary

A keen analysis of the social, political and economic determinants of Turkish politics with an exploration of the different dimensions of the republican model of Turkish citizenship, providing the reader with a comprehensive account of Turkish modernity and democracy. At the beginning of a new millennium, Turkey finds itself at a critical juncture in its democratic evolution. This momentous event has been precipitated by its desire to enter into the European Union and the recent financial crisis it has faced, both of which have fuelled the need for the creation of a strong, democratic Turkey. Consisting of a collection of innovative and influential essays by leading scholars, this book gives the reader an historical and sociological understanding of Turkey and adds a new dimension to the ongoing discussion surrounding global citizenship and global identity.

Nationalism and Multiple Modernities

Nationalism and Multiple Modernities Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Atsuko Ichijo
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113700875X
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Nationalism and Multiple Modernities by Atsuko Ichijo Summary

This book is the first to apply the theory of multiple modernities to the study of nationalism, examining the modernity of nationalism through three major case-studies: Anglo-British, Finnish and Japanese.

Turkish Identity

Turkish Identity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nilay Baycar
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640497457
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Turkish Identity by Nilay Baycar Summary

Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Newer History, European Unification, grade: 1,3, University of Hannover (Faculty of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences/ European Studies), language: English, abstract: Is Turkey a European country? To answer this question, we must first understand what is meant by ‘Europeanness’: Is it a sense of belonging to jewish-greek-roman antiquity, to Christianity, to the Renaissance and the Enlightement; which is the way the substantialists define Europeanness, or rather a commitment to the universal values (liberty, democracy, respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law) upon which the European Union was founded? The constructivists regard Europeanness as a commitment to European principles,defining the term in a syncretic way. So far, the identity of the European Union has prevalently been defined politically. In answering the question of whether Turkey belongs to the common European cultural heritage or not, it must first be pointed out that there would not have been a European history without Turkey since Turkey is the successor to the Byzantine and Ottoman empires that have shaped Europe. Moreover, it is important to note that the origin of Turkey itself lies within the cradle of European civilisation. As a contribution to the continuing debate on the place of Turkey within Europe the aim of this master’s thesis is to examine in detail the historical background and context of Turkey’s cultural identity. The paper is structured as follows: In Chapter 2 discussion will be presented on how ‘Europe’ and ‘Europeanness’ are popularly defined, also European identity and its relevance to the European culture will be discussed in the light of the constructivist approach, bearing in mind that the European Union is a unity in diversity. Having considered the main elements of European culture, the problem areas of European identity will be reviewed in detail. Subsequently, the dynamic dichotomizing concepts of ‘inclusion’ and ‘exclusion’ will be addressed, together with the negative impact of ‘multiple identities’, in order to explain the theoretical background behind Turkey’s characteristic ‘Europeannness’. In Chapter 3, the issue of the ‘Europeanness of Turkey’ will be examined and accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU will be discussed. Chapter 4 will clarify the specific character of Turkey describing it as being between the Orient and the Occident. Chapter 5 surveys political culture in Turkey, from the foundation of Turkish Republic in 1923 up to the present day. In Chapter 6 the intercultural dialogue between Turkey and Europe will be evaluated.

Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey

Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey Pdf/ePub eBook Author: F. Keyman,S. Gumüsçu,Sebnem Gumuscu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137277122
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Democracy, Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey by F. Keyman,S. Gumüsçu,Sebnem Gumuscu Summary

Through critical analysis of Turkey's transformation under the AKP, this book explores the relationship between domestic transformations and global/regional dynamics. It also discusses the relationship between the Turkish transformation and the Arab uprisings and the implications of the Turkish case for regime transitions in the Arab world.

The Revival of Islam in the Balkans

The Revival of Islam in the Balkans Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Olivier Roy,Arolda Elbasani
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137517840
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The Revival of Islam in the Balkans by Olivier Roy,Arolda Elbasani Summary

This book shifts analytical focus from macro-politicization and securitization of Islam to Muslims' choices, practices and public expressions of faith. An empirically rich analysis, the book provides rich cross-country evidence on the emergence of autonomous faith communities as well as the evolution of Islam in the broader European context.

Religion, Politics and Law in the European Union

Religion, Politics and Law in the European Union Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lucian N. Leustean,John T.S. Madeley
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317990803
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Religion, Politics and Law in the European Union by Lucian N. Leustean,John T.S. Madeley Summary

EU enlargement - to countries in Central and Eastern Europe in 2004, the inclusion of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007, and increasing debates on Turkey’s membership - has dramatically transformed the European Union into a multi-religious space. Religious communities are not only shaping identities but are also influential factors in political discourse. This edited volume examines the activities of religious actors in the context of supranational European institutions and the ways in which they have responded to the idea of Europe at local and international levels. By bringing together scholars working in political science, history, law and sociology, this volume analyses key religious factors in contemporary EU architecture, such as the transformation of religious identities, the role of political and religious leaders, EU legislation on religion, and, the activities of religious lobbies. This book was published as a special issue of Religion, State and Society.

Identity Discourses and Communities in International Events, Festivals and Spectacles

Identity Discourses and Communities in International Events, Festivals and Spectacles Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Udo Merkel
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137394935
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Identity Discourses and Communities in International Events, Festivals and Spectacles by Udo Merkel Summary

This collection focuses on the multi-layered links between international events and identity discourses. With a unique line-up of international scholars, this book offers a diverse range of exciting case studies, including sports competitions, music festivals, exhibitions, fashion shows and royal celebrations.