Understanding Human Nature The Psychology Of Personality Pdf

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Understanding Human Nature (Psychology Revivals)

Understanding Human Nature (Psychology Revivals) Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136702490
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Understanding Human Nature (Psychology Revivals) by Summary

Originally published in 1928 this book was an attempt to acquaint the general public with the fundamentals of Individual Psychology. At the same time it is a demonstration of the practical application of these principles to the conduct of everyday relationships, and the organization of our personal life. Based upon a years’ lectures to audiences at the People’s Institute in Vienna, the purpose of the book was to point out how the mistaken behaviour of the individual affects harmony of our social and communal life; to teach the individual to recognize their own mistakes; and finally, to show them how they may effect a harmonious adjustment to the communal life. Adler felt that mistakes in business or in science were costly and deplorable, but mistakes in the conduct of life are usually dangerous to life itself. This book is dedicated by the author in his preface ‘to the task of illuminating man’s progress toward a better understanding of human nature.’

The Laws of Human Nature

The Laws of Human Nature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Greene
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0698184548
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The Laws of Human Nature by Robert Greene Summary

From the #1 New York Times-bestselling author of The 48 Laws of Power comes the definitive new book on decoding the behavior of the people around you Robert Greene is a master guide for millions of readers, distilling ancient wisdom and philosophy into essential texts for seekers of power, understanding and mastery. Now he turns to the most important subject of all - understanding people's drives and motivations, even when they are unconscious of them themselves. We are social animals. Our very lives depend on our relationships with people. Knowing why people do what they do is the most important tool we can possess, without which our other talents can only take us so far. Drawing from the ideas and examples of Pericles, Queen Elizabeth I, Martin Luther King Jr, and many others, Greene teaches us how to detach ourselves from our own emotions and master self-control, how to develop the empathy that leads to insight, how to look behind people's masks, and how to resist conformity to develop your singular sense of purpose. Whether at work, in relationships, or in shaping the world around you, The Laws of Human Nature offers brilliant tactics for success, self-improvement, and self-defense.

Understanding Human Nature

Understanding Human Nature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alfred Adler
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1780744714
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Understanding Human Nature by Alfred Adler Summary

Long-regarded as the handbook of Individual Psychology, Understanding Human Nature provides an accessible introduction to Adler's key concepts, with which he moved away from his colleague Freud's thinking. These include inferiority/ superiority complexes; memories and dreams; love marriage and children; and sexuality and sexual problems. Adler's holistic personality-based approach to psychology continues to be relevant today to students, the general public and professionals alike.

The Blank Slate

The Blank Slate Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven Pinker
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101200324
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The Blank Slate by Steven Pinker Summary

A brilliant inquiry into the origins of human nature from the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now. "Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." --Time Now updated with a new afterword One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.

Childhood and Human Nature

Childhood and Human Nature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sula Wolff
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351656821
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Childhood and Human Nature by Sula Wolff Summary

How do we make sense of people? Human behaviour is complex, so that understanding ourselves and others calls for both objective and subjective viewpoints, as well as a flexible appreciation of human development over time. Dr Sula Wolff believes that knowledge about personality development is essential in three important domains: in the appraisal of deviant behaviour at all ages; in the development of social policy for children; and in therapeutic interventions for children and their families. In this book, originally published in 1989, Dr Wolff gives a comprehensive account of the major aspects of personality development in childhood. She reports research findings and presents developmental theories in their historical context, stressing the interplay between biological and cultural influences on development. Her account includes a wealth of illustrative case histories, with children and parents speaking for themselves; these provide fascinating reading and give substance to statistical results and theoretical propositions. Clearly and simply written, the book will be of interest to many people, and will still be of value to medical students, psychiatrists in training, students in social work and psychology, and teachers in special education.

The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind

The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gustave Le Bon
Editor: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
ISBN:
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The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind by Gustave Le Bon Summary

One of the most influential works of social psychology in history, The Crowd was highly instrumental in creating this field of study by analyzing, in detail, mass behavior. The work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. The whole of the common characteristics with which heredity endows the individuals of a race constitute the genius of the race. When, however, a certain number of these individuals are gathered together in a crowd for purposes of action, observation proves that, from the mere fact of their being assembled, there result certain new psychological characteristics, which are added to the racial characteristics and differ from them at times to a very considerable degree. Although the volume focuses on crowd psychology, it is also brilliantly instructive on the effects of the generally accepted beliefs of a nation's citizenry on the processes of history. Among the topics covered here are general characteristics and mental unity of the crowd; the crowd's sentiments and morality; its ideas, reasoning power, and imagination; opinions and beliefs of crowds and the means used by leaders to persuade; classification of crowds, including criminal and electrical assemblages, as well as the functioning of criminal juries and parliamentary assemblies.

The Ecology of Human Development

The Ecology of Human Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Urie BRONFENBRENNER
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674028848
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The Ecology of Human Development by Urie BRONFENBRENNER Summary

The Science of Living (Psychology Revivals)

The Science of Living (Psychology Revivals) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alfred Adler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136702210
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The Science of Living (Psychology Revivals) by Alfred Adler Summary

Originally published in 1930 The Science of Living looks at Individual Psychology as a science. Adler discusses the various elements of Individual Psychology and its application to everyday life: including the inferiority complex, the superiority complex and other social aspects, such as, love and marriage, sex and sexuality, children and their education. This is an important book in the history of psychoanalysis and Adlerian therapy.

Positive Psychological Approaches to Disaster

Positive Psychological Approaches to Disaster Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stefan E. Schulenberg
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030320073
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Positive Psychological Approaches to Disaster by Stefan E. Schulenberg Summary

Written by prominent proponents of disaster mental health and/or positive psychology, this comprehensive book examines disaster mental health and positive psychology in the context of natural and technological disasters. Chapters in the first section focus on applications of meaning and resilience in the area of disaster mental health, both serving as primary examples of applications of positive psychology and related frameworks. Later chapters focus more specifically on key aspects of disaster mental health, including the importance of preparedness, training, and special populations. Contributors consistently align their insights with positive psychological approaches, either by explicitly referencing their relevance or alluding less directly to themes in positive psychology. Among the topics discussed: The role of religion and spirituality in finding meaning after disasters Veterans and disaster response work Firefighters: an occupational case study of resilience Strategies for responding to adolescents following natural and technological disasters Effective crisis response for facilitating posttraumatic growth Positive Psychological Approaches to Disaster: Meaning, Resilience, and Posttraumatic Growth is a significant and timely collection of research, representing an effort of internationally respected scholars in positive psychology and disaster mental health.

Understanding Human Development

Understanding Human Development Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ursula M. Staudinger,Ulman E.R. Lindenberger
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461503574
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Understanding Human Development by Ursula M. Staudinger,Ulman E.R. Lindenberger Summary

K. Warner Schaie I am pleased to write a foreword for this interesting volume, particularly as over many years, I have had the privilege of interacting with the editors and a majority of the con tributors in various professional roles as a colleague, mentor, or research collaborator. The editors begin their introduction by asking why one would want to read yet another book on human development. They immediately answer their question by pointing out that many developmentally oriented texts and other treatises neglect the theoretical foundations of human development and fail to embed psychological constructs within the multidisciplinary context so essential to understanding development. This volume provides a positive remedy to past deficiencies in volumes on hu man development with a well-organized structure that leads the reader from a general introduction through the basic processes to methodological issues and the relation of developmental constructs to social context and biological infrastructure. This approach does not surprise. After all, the editors and most of the contributors at one time or an other had a connection to the Max Planck Institute of Human Development in Berlin, whether as students, junior scientists, or senior visitors. That institute, under the leader ship of Paul Baltes, has been instrumental in pursuing a systematic lifespan approach to the study of cognition and personality. Over the past two decades, it has influenced the careers of a generation of scientists who have advocated long-term studies of human development in an interdisciplinary context.

The 'BrainCanDo' Handbook of Teaching and Learning

The 'BrainCanDo' Handbook of Teaching and Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julia Harrington,Jonathan Beale,Amy Fancourt,Catherine Lutz
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429588631
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The 'BrainCanDo' Handbook of Teaching and Learning by Julia Harrington,Jonathan Beale,Amy Fancourt,Catherine Lutz Summary

The 'BrainCanDo' Handbook of Teaching and Learning provides teachers and school leaders with a concise summary of how some of the latest research in educational neuroscience and psychology can improve learning outcomes. It aims to create a mechanism through which our growing understanding of the brain can be applied in the world of education. Subjects covered include memory, social development, mindsets and character. Written by practising teachers working in collaboration with researchers, the chapters provide a toolkit of practical ideas which incorporate evidence from psychology and neuroscience into teaching practice with the aim of improving educational outcomes for all. By increasing both teachers’ and pupils’ understanding of the developing brain, ‘BrainCanDo’ aims to improve cognitive performance and attainment, foster a love of learning and enable a healthy and productive approach to personal development. This book will appeal to educators, primarily those working in secondary schools, but also those within higher and primary school education. It will also be of interest to students of education, professionals looking to enhance their teaching and researchers working in the fields of education, psychology and neuroscience.

Handbook of Personality, Third Edition

Handbook of Personality, Third Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Oliver P. John,Richard W. Robins,Lawrence A. Pervin
Editor: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606237381
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Handbook of Personality, Third Edition by Oliver P. John,Richard W. Robins,Lawrence A. Pervin Summary

This authoritative handbook is the reference of choice for researchers and students of personality. Leading authorities describe the most important theoretical approaches in personality and review the state of the science in five broad content areas: biological bases; development; self and social processes; cognitive and motivational processes; and emotion, adjustment, and health. Within each area, chapters present innovative ideas, findings, research designs, and measurement approaches. Areas of integration and consensus are discussed, as are key questions and controversies still facing the field.

Strategy, Money and Technology in the 2008 Presidential Election

Strategy, Money and Technology in the 2008 Presidential Election Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Costas Panagopoulos
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317979540
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Strategy, Money and Technology in the 2008 Presidential Election by Costas Panagopoulos Summary

The 2008 presidential election, perhaps more so than the typical quadrennial race, will undoubtedly spawn an abundance of scholarly inquiry. The confluence of historic and peculiar features associated with the 2008 contest distinguishes it from modern campaign cycles in significant ways that provide researchers a rare opportunity to reflect on a plethora of topics. These studies are certain to provide detailed knowledge about the 2008 election in particular, and, more generally, to inform our understanding of contemporary electoral politics. The selections in this volume probe specific facets of the 2008 contest to provide in-depth analyses of key developments with respect to strategy, money and technology in the election cycle. The contributors are keen analysts of American elections and campaigns. The insights they provide grapple with key questions about the 2008 election and help to demystify aspects of the historic race. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Political Marketing.

Understanding Representation in the Cognitive Sciences

Understanding Representation in the Cognitive Sciences Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alexander Riegler,Markus Peschl,Astrid von Stein
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0585296057
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Understanding Representation in the Cognitive Sciences by Alexander Riegler,Markus Peschl,Astrid von Stein Summary

urrently a paradigm shift is occurring in for the conventional understanding of represen- which the traditional view of the brain as tions. The paper also summarizes the rationale for C representing the "things of the world" is the selection of contributions to this volume, which challenged in several respects. The present volume will roughly proceed from relatively "realist" c- is placed at the edge of this transition. Based on the ceptions of representation to more "constructivist" 1997 conference "New Trends in Cognitive Sci- interpretations. The final chapter of discussions, ence" in Vienna, Austria, it tries to collect and in- taped during and at the end of the conference, p- grate evidence from various disciplines such as p- vides the reader with the possibility to reflect upon losophy of science, neuroscience, computational the different approaches and thus contributes to b- approaches, psychology, semiotics, evolutionary ter and more integrative understanding of their biology, social psychology etc. , to foster a new thoughts and ideas. understanding of representation. The subjective experience of an outside world This book has a truly interdisciplinary character. It seems to suggest a mapping process where environ- is presented in a form that is readily accessible to mental entities are projected into our mind via some professionals and students alike across the cognitive kind of transmission. While a profound critique of sciences such as neuroscience, computer science, this idea is nearly as old as philosophy, it has gained philosophy, psychology, and sociology.

Politics, Democracy and E-Government: Participation and Service Delivery

Politics, Democracy and E-Government: Participation and Service Delivery Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Reddick, Christopher G.
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1615209344
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Politics, Democracy and E-Government: Participation and Service Delivery by Reddick, Christopher G. Summary

"This book examines how e-government impacts politics and democracy in both developed and developing countries"--Provided by publisher.

The Case for Only Child

The Case for Only Child Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susan Newman
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0757391893
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The Case for Only Child by Susan Newman Summary

What's really wrong with having one child? Is one enough for you? For your partner? What constitutes a complete, happy family? Will your only child be lonely, spoiled, bossy, selfish? Read this book and find out. Despite the personal distress and pressure to have a second baby, the number of women having an only child has more than doubled in the last two decades. What most people don't realize is that one-child families outnumber families with two children and have for more than two decades. In major metropolitan areas like New York, 30 percent of families have a singleton. Throughout the country people are following suit. And it's no wonder why: The worrisome biological clock (secondary infertility; older mothers) Downtrodden job markets How mothers working affects everyone in the family Finances and housing and costs of education These are only the few things that parents today (and parents to be) contend with when deciding to start a family and determining whether or not to stop after one. The time is right for a book that addresses the emerging type of nuclear family, one that consists of a solo child. Popular Psychology Today blogger and parenting author of fifteen books, including the groundbreaking Parenting the Only Child, Susan Newman, Ph.D., grew impatient with the pervasiveness of only-child folklore masquerading as fact and offers the latest findings about the long-term effects of being raised as a singleton. In The Case for the Only Child, Newman walks parents (and future parents) through the long list of factors working for and against them as well as highlights the many positive aspects of raising and being a singleton. The aim of this book is to ease and guide parents through the process of determining what they want. Although each situation is unique, the profound confusion surrounding having a second child is similar. It is one of the most difficult and life-altering choices parents face. Adding to one's family dramatically changes one's life and the life of one's firstborn forever. What will a person give up in time, money, freedom, intimacy, and job advancement with another child in the household? What will they gain? The Case for the Only Child helps explore and resolve these perplexing questions.

Disaster Mental Health Counseling

Disaster Mental Health Counseling Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LPC, DCMHS, CRC, CCM, CCMC
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826132898
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Disaster Mental Health Counseling by Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LPC, DCMHS, CRC, CCM, CCMC Summary

Focuses on understanding cultural and psychosocial contexts to promote optimal healing for disaster survivors This is the first book for mental health professionals working with survivors of mass trauma to focus on the psychosocial and culture contexts in which these disasters occur. It underscores the importance of understanding these environments in order to provide maximally effective mental health interventions for trauma survivors and their communities. Global in scope, the text addresses the foundations of understanding and responding to the mental health needs of individuals and groups healing from traumas created by a wide range of natural and human-made critical events, including acts of terrorism, armed conflict, genocide, and mass violence by individual perpetrators. Designed for professional training in disaster mental health, and meeting CACREP standards, the text promotes the knowledge and skills needed to work with the psychosocial aspects of individual and group adaptation and adjustment to mass traumatic experience. Reflecting state-of-the-art knowledge, the book offers detailed guidelines in assessment and brief interventions related to survivors’ posttraumatic stress symptoms and complex trauma associated with being at the epicenter of extraordinary stressful and traumatic events. In addition, this book also covers critical issues of self-care for the professional. Illustrated with first-person accounts of disaster survivors and case scenarios, this book emphasizes how counselors and other mental health professionals can foster resilience and wellness in individuals and communities affected by all types of disasters.Key Features: Considers disaster and mass trauma response from a culturally and globally relevant perspective—the first book of its kind Addresses CACREP’s clinical standards and content areas related to disaster mental health response Covers many types of disasters and categories of survivors Includes updated information on PTSD, complex trauma, and self-care Addresses cultivating resiliency in individual and group survivors along with social justice issues

Understanding Contemporary Education

Understanding Contemporary Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tom O'Donoghue
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317193601
FileSize: 411kb
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Understanding Contemporary Education by Tom O'Donoghue Summary

Understanding Contemporary Education offers an essential exploration of key concepts and issues in education that will allow education studies students, as well as trainee and practising teachers to engage in reflection, not only on work at the classroom level, but on education more broadly. Using detailed examples, the book problematises many popular and taken-for-granted views, allowing the reader to challenge and seriously consider the nature of the education enterprise. In each chapter, a concept is carefully considered, with major features, controversies, and strengths and weaknesses highlighted. Key follow-up questions challenge the reader to reflect on specific issues, and encourage involvement, not just in their own teaching, but in the planning and determination of the total programme of their school, and where possible, that of the nation. The book is divided into seven main parts: The Social Context of Education Education Policy Curriculum Teaching and Learning Leadership in Education Teacher Preparation International Developments in Education. Drawing upon a wide variety of theoretical positions, Understanding Contemporary Education provides an accessible introduction to key themes and concepts in education, challenging readers to fully consider the purpose of education and to reflect intelligently on issues that affect all schools. It is a must-read book for those on education studies courses, as well as trainee and practising teachers.

How to be Critically Open-Minded: A Psychological and Historical Analysis

How to be Critically Open-Minded: A Psychological and Historical Analysis Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Lambie
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137301058
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How to be Critically Open-Minded: A Psychological and Historical Analysis by J. Lambie Summary

In a lively and subversive analysis, psychologist John Lambie explains how to see another person's point of view while remaining critical – in other words how to be 'critically open-minded'. Using entertaining examples from history and psychology, Lambie explores the implications of critical open-mindedness for scientific and moral progress.

Psychology of Love 101

Psychology of Love 101 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karin Sternberg, PhD
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826109365
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Psychology of Love 101 by Karin Sternberg, PhD Summary

"Reflecting the breath of love's myriad effects and possible causes, as well as the relatively recent volume of systematic scientific inquiry into these, the love literature is sprawling and unruly. Sternberg, however, hasdone an excellent job of selecting representative approaches and findings and presenting them to students in an organized, scholarly, and engaging way." Ellen Berscheid, PhD Regents' Professor of Psychology Emeritus University of Minnesota While many people view love as a nebulous concept that is difficult to study scientifically, there exists a substantial psychological discipline that studies intimate relations. This incisive text provides a comprehensive tour of both classic and contemporary theories and research on the how and why of human love. In addition to presenting the major biological, social, and cultural theories that have been developed on this topic, the book looks at what research has shown us about such essential issues as basic attraction, the life course of relationships, how personality and environment affect love, and how therapeutic interventions can sometimes improve relationships. Both scholarly and practical, the book is unique in also helping readers to understand their own relationships. Concise and accessible, the text illustrates how a love relationship can be measured and explores the questions posed by psychologists in their quest for understanding: Is love simply a function of human biology? What part do our individual personalities play in attracting and maintaining love relationships? Can people stay in love? How does being in a close relationship affect our mental and physical health? The book not only covers the most relevant research that the discipline of psychology has developed on intimate relationships, but also aims to help readers put this research into a practical context to help them understand their own love relationships. The book concludes with a review of various therapeutic approaches to improving love relationships. Case studies and questionnaires illustrate key points. Key Features: Offers a brief, accessible, and up-to-date survey of theory and research on the psychology of love Discusses how love relationships can be measured Includes short quizzes that readers can take and self-score to help them understand their own ways of engaging with love Provides concrete and practical suggestions, based on scholarly research, on how readers can improve their own relationships. Written for undergraduate students