Violence The Enduring Problem Pdf

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Enduring Violence

Enduring Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cecilia Menjívar
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948416
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Enduring Violence by Cecilia Menjívar Summary

Drawing on revealing, in-depth interviews, Cecilia Menjívar investigates the role that violence plays in the lives of Ladina women in eastern Guatemala, a little-visited and little-studied region. While much has been written on the subject of political violence in Guatemala, Menjívar turns to a different form of suffering—the violence embedded in institutions and in everyday life so familiar and routine that it is often not recognized as such. Rather than painting Guatemala (or even Latin America) as having a cultural propensity for normalizing and accepting violence, Menjívar aims to develop an approach to examining structures of violence—profound inequality, exploitation and poverty, and gender ideologies that position women in vulnerable situations— grounded in women’s experiences. In this way, her study provides a glimpse into the root causes of the increasing wave of feminicide in Guatemala, as well as in other Latin American countries, and offers observations relevant for understanding violence against women around the world today.

The Better Angels of Our Nature

The Better Angels of Our Nature Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Steven Pinker
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101544643
FileSize: 1886kb
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The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker Summary

“If I could give each of you a graduation present, it would be this—the most inspiring book I've ever read." —Bill Gates (May, 2017) Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year The author of Enlightenment Now and The New York Times bestseller The Stuff of Thought offers a controversial history of violence. Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millenia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species's existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, programs, gruesom punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened? This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the esesnce of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world. The key, he explains, is to understand our intrinsic motives--the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away--and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail. Exploding fatalist myths about humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike, and will challenge and change the way we think about our society.


Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Randall Collins
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400831753
FileSize: 997kb
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Violence by Randall Collins Summary

In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers--not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists--violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule--regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations. Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, and ethnography to examine violent situations up close as they actually happen--and his conclusions will surprise you. Violence comes neither easily nor automatically. Antagonists are by nature tense and fearful, and their confrontational anxieties put up a powerful emotional barrier against violence. Collins guides readers into the very real and disturbing worlds of human discord--from domestic abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent sports, and armed conflicts. He reveals how the fog of war pervades all violent encounters, limiting people mostly to bluster and bluff, and making violence, when it does occur, largely incompetent, often injuring someone other than its intended target. Collins shows how violence can be triggered only when pathways around this emotional barrier are presented. He explains why violence typically comes in the form of atrocities against the weak, ritualized exhibitions before audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder--and why a small number of individuals are competent at violence. Violence overturns standard views about the root causes of violence and offers solutions for confronting it in the future.

The Crowd

The Crowd Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gustave Le Bon
Editor: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1775416275
FileSize: 879kb
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The Crowd by Gustave Le Bon Summary

The following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. Organized crowds have always played an important part in the life of peoples, but this part has never been of such moment as at present. The substitution of the unconscious action of crowds for the conscious activity of individuals is one of the principal characteristics of the present age. Crowds, doubtless, are always unconscious, but this very unconsciousness is perhaps one of the secrets of their strength. In the natural world beings exclusively governed by instinct accomplish acts whose marvelous complexity astounds us. Reason is an attribute of humanity of too recent date and still too imperfect to reveal to us the laws of the unconscious, and still more to take its place. The part played by the unconscious in all our acts is immense, and that played by reason very small.

Random Violence

Random Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joel Best
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520921672
FileSize: 567kb
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Random Violence by Joel Best Summary

Random Violence is a deft and thought-provoking exploration of the ways we talk about—and why we worry about—new crimes and new forms of victimization. Focusing on so-called random crimes such as freeway shootings, gang violence, hate crimes, stalking, and wilding, Joel Best shows how new crime problems emerge and how some quickly fade from public attention while others spread and become enduring subjects of concern. Best's original and incisive argument illuminates the fact that while these crimes are in actuality neither new, nor epidemic, nor random, the language used to describe them nonetheless shapes both private fears and public policies. Best scrutinizes the melodramatic quality of the American public's attitudes toward crime, exposing the cultural context for the popularity of "random violence" as a catch-all phrase to describe contemporary crime, and the fallacious belief that violence is steadily rising. He points out that the age, race, and sex of homicide victims reveal that violence is highly patterned. Best also details the contemporary ideology of victimization, as well as the social arrangements that create and support a victim industry that can label large numbers of victims. He demonstrates why it has become commonplace to "declare war" on social problems, including drugs, crime, poverty, and cancer, and outlines the complementary influence of media, activists, officials, and experts in institutionalizing crime problems. Intrinsic to all these concerns is the way in which policy choices and outcomes are affected by the language used to describe social problems.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309452996
FileSize: 377kb
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Communities in Action by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States Summary

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Essential Questions

Essential Questions Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jay McTighe,Grant Wiggins
Editor: ASCD
ISBN: 1416615709
FileSize: 353kb
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Essential Questions by Jay McTighe,Grant Wiggins Summary

What are "essential questions," and how do they differ from other kinds of questions? What's so great about them? Why should you design and use essential questions in your classroom? Essential questions (EQs) help target standards as you organize curriculum content into coherent units that yield focused and thoughtful learning. In the classroom, EQs are used to stimulate students' discussions and promote a deeper understanding of the content. Whether you are an Understanding by Design (UbD) devotee or are searching for ways to address standards—local or Common Core State Standards—in an engaging way, Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins provide practical guidance on how to design, initiate, and embed inquiry-based teaching and learning in your classroom. Offering dozens of examples, the authors explore the usefulness of EQs in all K-12 content areas, including skill-based areas such as math, PE, language instruction, and arts education. As an important element of their backward design approach to designing curriculum, instruction, and assessment, the authors *Give a comprehensive explanation of why EQs are so important; *Explore seven defining characteristics of EQs; *Distinguish between topical and overarching questions and their uses; *Outline the rationale for using EQs as the focal point in creating units of study; and *Show how to create effective EQs, working from sources including standards, desired understandings, and student misconceptions. Using essential questions can be challenging—for both teachers and students—and this book provides guidance through practical and proven processes, as well as suggested "response strategies" to encourage student engagement. Finally, you will learn how to create a culture of inquiry so that all members of the educational community—students, teachers, and administrators—benefit from the increased rigor and deepened understanding that emerge when essential questions become a guiding force for learners of all ages.

The Psychology of Socialism

The Psychology of Socialism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gustave Le Bon
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351475894
FileSize: 941kb
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The Psychology of Socialism by Gustave Le Bon Summary

First published in 1899 during a period of crisis for French democracy, The Psychology of Socialism details Le Bon's view of socialism and radicalism primarily as religious movements. The emotionalism and hysteria of the period-especially as manifested during the Dreyfuss Affair-convinced Le Bon that most political controversy is based neither on reasoned deliberation nor rational interest, but on a psychology that partakes of contatgion andhysteria. Le Bon points to the irrationality of religion and uses the religiosity of socialism to debunk socialism as an irrational movement based on hatred and jealousy.

Seeing Social Problems

Seeing Social Problems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ira Silver
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544398638
FileSize: 736kb
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Seeing Social Problems by Ira Silver Summary

Seeing Social Problems: The Hidden Stories Behind Contemporary Issues shows students how to think about social problems in a new way, by carefully analyzing headline-making issues they are already familiar with and illustrating the connection between individual problems and larger social forces. Each chapter engages students in thinking about the world sociologically by focusing on a specific case study that represents a more general social problem. The chapters always start with the knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and personal experiences that students bring to the case—what author Ira Silver refers to as the conventional wisdom—and effectively demonstrate to them the "first wisdom" of sociology: "things are not what they seem." In each instance, Silver shows how sociologists ask questions, gather empirical data, use multiple perspectives, and consider larger social forces to discover the "hidden stories" behind individual behavior. Give your students the SAGE Edge! SAGE Edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at

Are Prisons Obsolete?

Are Prisons Obsolete? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Angela Y. Davis
Editor: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609801040
FileSize: 1915kb
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Are Prisons Obsolete? by Angela Y. Davis Summary

With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.

Community Policing Today

Community Policing Today Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Deborah A. Parsons,Janine Kremling
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544336713
FileSize: 1054kb
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Community Policing Today by Deborah A. Parsons,Janine Kremling Summary

Written by an author team with experience in law enforcement and in the classroom, Community Policing Today explores the strategies police and communities can use to find long-term solutions to the public safety issues facing today’s communities, including gangs, high crime, and disproportionate minority contact. Framing community policing not as a program, but as a transformation from traditional policing that involves sweeping changes in the way police view their role and relationships with the community, the authors demonstrate how law enforcement officers can partner with the community to help facilitate problem-solving of public safety issues. With an emphasis on cutting-edge trends and impacts on community policing, this book offers students a better understanding of the complexity and promise of community policing today. FREE DIGITAL TOOLS INCLUDED WITH THIS TEXT SAGE Edge gives instructors the edge they need to succeed with an array of teaching tools in one easy-to-navigate website. Learn more:

Handbook of Research on Mass Shootings and Multiple Victim Violence

Handbook of Research on Mass Shootings and Multiple Victim Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Crews, Gordon A.
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799801144
FileSize: 805kb
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Handbook of Research on Mass Shootings and Multiple Victim Violence by Crews, Gordon A. Summary

The phenomena of mass shootings appear to be on the rise. Within the past decade, shootings have occurred in schools, religious institutions, concerts, movie theaters, and other public venues, as well as at home in the form of domestic mass shootings. This phenomenon is influenced by factors such as access to guns, mental illness, the desire for fame, revenge from being bullied, and copycat killing to name a few. Mass shootings are a serious problem for society and must to be explored further in order to provide preventive solutions. The Handbook of Research on Mass Shootings and Multiple Victim Violence is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on contributing factors to gun violence, characteristics of shooters and victims, solutions for preventing incidents from occurring, and the impact these shootings have on the community. While highlighting topics such as school safety, cyberbullying, and mental illness, this publication is ideally designed for law enforcement, government officials, psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, politicians, policymakers, law makers, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on the latest empirical findings of mass shootings in the United States.

School Nursing: The Essential Reference

School Nursing: The Essential Reference Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Janice Loschiavo, MA, RN, NJ-CSN
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826135374
FileSize: 940kb
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School Nursing: The Essential Reference by Janice Loschiavo, MA, RN, NJ-CSN Summary

Delivers the critical information school nurses need for effective practice School Nursing: The Essential Reference provides comprehensive coverage of school nursing—from key foundational principles and best practices for the care and management of students to the future of school nursing practice. Edited and authored by experts in the field, this multidisciplinary reference offers full background on the scope and standards of school nursing, interdisciplinary practices, coordinated school health programs, cultural competency, and laws and ethics. It also provides tools for the school nurse to thrive as an advocate, health educator, and leader. School Nursing: The Essential Reference provides evidence-based clinical protocols for the management of acute and chronic illnesses and issues confronted by the marginalized student. Sexual orientation and gender identity are explored, as are violence toward self and others, emergency and disaster preparedness, and the impact of COVID-19. This guide is useful not only for novice and experienced school nurses, but also for school-nursing students and those preparing for state or national certification exams. Supplementary online resources include more than 100 multiple-choice review questions that can be used by school nurses to test themselves on essential knowledge to prepare for practice, or by instructors in the classroom setting. Key Features: Provides comprehensive coverage of all elements of school nursing practice Highlights best practices for the care and management of students, including the marginalized student Addresses sexual orientation and gender identity, violence toward self and others, emergency, and disaster preparedness Discusses the impact of COVID-19 on school nursing practice and related management strategies Provides more than 100 multiple-choice review questions in an online supplementary resource Offers tips for the school nurse to thrive as advocate, health educator, and leader

Critical Examinations of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education

Critical Examinations of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Crews, Gordon A.
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466699361
FileSize: 1181kb
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Critical Examinations of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education by Crews, Gordon A. Summary

In recent years, a rise in incidents of juvenile delinquency and violence in American schools has led to increasing concern among school administrators, students, parents, and the general public. The frequency of these cases calls into question issues of safety, risk factors, and prevention strategies within the modern school system. Critical Examination of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education is an authoritative reference source for the latest research on youth violence in schools, offering a thorough analysis of contributing factors to such incidents and possible solutions to prevent future occurrences. Highlighting relevant issues on zero tolerance policies, historical perspectives, and preventive actions, this book is ideally designed for school administrators, law enforcement, teachers, and researchers actively working in educational environments.


Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alex Alvarez,Ronet D. Bachman
Editor: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544355661
FileSize: 388kb
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Violence by Alex Alvarez,Ronet D. Bachman Summary

Violence: The Enduring Problem offers an interdisciplinary and reader-friendly exploration of the patterns and correlations of individual and collective violent acts using the most contemporary research, theories, and cases. Responding to the fear of pervasive violence in the world, authors Alex Alvarez and Ronet Bachman address the various legislative, social, and political efforts to curb violent behavior. The authors expertly incorporate a wide range of current cases to help readers interpret the nature and dynamics of a variety of different, yet connected, forms of violence. The Fourth Edition represents a significant step forward in presenting a more complete and contemporary analysis of violence. Included in this edition is a new chapter on hate crime, a new chapter devoted to multicide, and updated discussions on current topical issues, including the #MeToo movement and epigenetics.

Teaching About Rape in War and Genocide

Teaching About Rape in War and Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Roth,C. Rittner
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137499168
FileSize: 311kb
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Teaching About Rape in War and Genocide by J. Roth,C. Rittner Summary

This edited volume is both a guide for educators and a resource for everyone who wants to strengthen resistance against a major atrocity that besieges human development. Its contributors explore a crucial question: how to teach about rape in war and genocide?

Healing From Violence

Healing From Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christauria Welland, PsyD,Neil Ribner, PhD
Editor: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826124784
FileSize: 1986kb
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Healing From Violence by Christauria Welland, PsyD,Neil Ribner, PhD Summary

According to the 2000 Census, Latinos accounted for 12.5% of the US population, or 35.3 million residents-the fastest growing population in the United States. The influence of this large and growing demographic can be seen throughout every academic discipline in the numerous books, journals, and societies on multicultural assessment, counseling, and research that have begun to appear. However, one area of inquiry remains largely unexplored; domestic violence within Latino families. Although it appears that such violence occurs as frequently in Latino families as in Caucasian families, little research has been done on this topic and very few counseling programs explicitly developed for Latino families currently exist. Healing from Violence fills this void. Drawing on a research study of 150 Latino men who completed a year of court-ordered treatment in Southern California, and a four-year pilot study, the authors mix quantitative and qualitative methodology in order to provide counselors with an opportunity to hear first-hand how Latino partner abusive men think about manhood (machismo), interpersonal relationships, (respeto, personalismo, and simpatÌa), and family life (familismo). The authors then use these in-depth portraits to guide counselors in tailoring treatment plans to the specific needs of Latino men. Voices from Healing From Violence: "How should a Mexican man be? Respectful, understanding, loving, responsible. A good communicator. If a man had all that, and his partner too, wow! It would be great. I'd like to be like the man I just described - the ideal man, loving, respectful, all that." - Ramon "The whole time I've been in the program I've been doing something I had never done in my life - reflecting and taking stock of my own life. Putting the good and the bad in the balance." - Raul "One of the goals of group therapy, of any therapy, is to give hope. Even the man with the worst possible case, where he has lost his marriage and custody of his children, can learn to use respectful relationship skills at work and in a potential new relationship. He may have brought great losses upon himself, but his future is not necessarily bleak." - the Authors

Laying Down the Sword

Laying Down the Sword Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philip Jenkins
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062098551
FileSize: 728kb
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Laying Down the Sword by Philip Jenkins Summary

Philip Jenkins delivers a fearless examination of the darkand violent verses of the Bible—and a call for us to read them anew in pursuitof a richer, more honest faith. From “one of America’s best scholars ofreligion” (The Economist), this daring exploration of the Scripture’smost difficult passages forces us to confront and accept the violence that wasas integral to the formulation of Christianity’s message as it was for manyother of the world’s religions, and shows us how a full understanding of theScripture will allow us to finally move towards a more peaceful, spiritualworld. Readers of Bart Ehrman’s God’s Problem,John Selby Spong’s The Sins of Scripture, andJenkins’s own The Jesus Wars, as well as every Christian eager to squarethe recurrent violence of the Scripture with Christianity’s enduring message ofpeace, will find these difficult questions explored in full in Laying Downthe Sword.

Anatomy of Violence

Anatomy of Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Belachew Gebrewold
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317181387
FileSize: 437kb
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Anatomy of Violence by Belachew Gebrewold Summary

Violence connects people - whether directly or indirectly financing violence or by fighting the war against terror. Violent incidents are often deeply rooted in structures and systems. With a focus on Africa, this study examines three structurally interdependent conflict systems to highlight the complexities of transboundary and transregional conflict systems. The systemic approach to studying violence is highly suitable for courses on security, peace and conflict, political sociology and African politics. You will come away from the book with a better understanding of the underlying currents of violent conflicts and thus a clearer idea of how they might be handled.

Modern Concepts of Security

Modern Concepts of Security Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Ohwofasa Akpeninor
Editor: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 9781467881630
FileSize: 541kb
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Modern Concepts of Security by James Ohwofasa Akpeninor Summary

AKPENINOR James Ohwofasa is an accomplished multi-disciplinary Author who has authored several Books and Articles across the the fields of Political science, Criminology & Security studies, Environmental science and Theology. I have been associated with the security operations at various levels of jurisdictions from the National security policing (covert operations) to the Industrial/Commercial security setup; to Corporation’s proprietary security practice and supervision over the past three and a half decades. In this stretch, I have become conscious of the vital necessity for comprehensive documentation of security and safety archetypes for the study of this unique profession in which reference materials for developing core and universal curricula for training or self improvement of security operatives are hard to come by. Most often, law enforcement agents or persons charged with security managements - Security Directors, Fire Safety Directors, the police and even Contract Security firms have hardly come to terms with the Herculean professional demands of this specialized professional calling which has conspicuously assumed the centre stage of global awareness of the present-day. It is with these concerns that this book is designed to be a working companion to personnel and agencies in the security professional trade – the Armed forces personnel together with other national security agents (DSS, DIA, NIA, NDLEA, etc.); the Para-military (Police, ICPC, EFCC, Customs & Excise Immigrations departments, FRSC, NCDC and a host of others). Emphatically, modern security outlook incorporates the Human Security schools of thought which is all about the practice of international security that is a shift from the traditional conception of national security (a state-centred approach) to focus on the individual, which is yet to be cultivated in the African continent resulting in enduring problems of disease, poverty, security adversities, violence, human rights abuses and civil strives. This professional security guidebook is hence meant to offer sound basic knowledge for security practitioners, contract security firms as well as for individual reading to boost security consciousness of the entire public.