Women And Underrepresented Minorities In Computing

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Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Computing

Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Computing Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319248111
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Women and Underrepresented Minorities in Computing by Summary

This text examines in detail the issue of the underrepresentation of women, African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics in the computing disciplines in the U.S. The work reviews the underlying causes, as well as the efforts of various nonprofit organizations to correct the situation, in order to both improve social equity and address the shortage of skilled workers in this area. Topics and features: presents a digest and historical overview of the relevant literature from a range of disciplines, including leading historical and social science sources; discusses the social and political factors that have affected the demographics of the workforce from the end of WWII to the present day; provides historical case studies on organizations that have sought to broaden participation in computing and the STEM disciplines; reviews the different approaches that have been applied to address underrepresentation, at the individual, system-wide, and pathway-focused level; profiles the colleges and universities that have been successful in opening up computer science or engineering to female students; describes the impact of individual change-agents as well as whole organizations.

Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments

Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309467055
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Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments Summary

The field of computer science (CS) is currently experiencing a surge in undergraduate degree production and course enrollments, which is straining program resources at many institutions and causing concern among faculty and administrators about how best to respond to the rapidly growing demand. There is also significant interest about what this growth will mean for the future of CS programs, the role of computer science in academic institutions, the field as a whole, and U.S. society more broadly. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments seeks to provide a better understanding of the current trends in computing enrollments in the context of past trends. It examines drivers of the current enrollment surge, relationships between the surge and current and potential gains in diversity in the field, and the potential impacts of responses to the increased demand for computing in higher education, and it considers the likely effects of those responses on students, faculty, and institutions. This report provides recommendations for what institutions of higher education, government agencies, and the private sector can do to respond to the surge and plan for a strong and sustainable future for the field of CS in general, the health of the institutions of higher education, and the prosperity of the nation.

ICCWS 2018 13th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

ICCWS 2018 13th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Academic Conferences and publishing limited
ISBN: 1911218735
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ICCWS 2018 13th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security by Summary

These proceedings represent the work of researchers participating in the 13th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS 2018) which is being hosted this year by the National Defense University in Washington DC, USA on 8-9 March 2018.

Women of Color In STEM

Women of Color In STEM Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Beverly Irby,Nahed Abdelrahman,Barbara Polnick,Julia Ballenger
Editor: IAP
ISBN: 1648023711
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Women of Color In STEM by Beverly Irby,Nahed Abdelrahman,Barbara Polnick,Julia Ballenger Summary

Though there has been a rapid increase of women’s representation in law and business, their representation in STEM fields has not been matched. Researchers have revealed that there are several environmental and social barriers including stereotypes, gender bias, and the climate of science and engineering departments in colleges and universities that continue to block women’s progress in STEM. In this book, the authors address the issues that encounter women of color in STEM in higher education.

Connecting Women

Connecting Women Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Valérie Schafer,Benjamin G. Thierry
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319208373
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Connecting Women by Valérie Schafer,Benjamin G. Thierry Summary

This important volume examines European perspectives on the historical relations that women have maintained with information and communication technologies (ICTs), since the telegraph. Features: describes how gendered networks have formed around ICT since the late 19th Century; reviews the gendered issues revealed by the conflict between the actress Ms Sylviac and the French telephone administration in 1904, or by ‘feminine’ blogs; examines how gender representations, age categories, and uses of ICT interact and are mutually formed in children’s magazines; illuminates the participation of women in the early days of computing, through a case study on the Rothamsted Statistics Department; presents a comparative study of women in computing in France, Finland and the UK, revealing similar gender divisions within the ICT professions of these countries; discusses diversity interventions and the part that history could (and should) play to ensure women do not take second place in specific occupational sectors.

Exploring the Early Digital

Exploring the Early Digital Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Haigh
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030021521
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Exploring the Early Digital by Thomas Haigh Summary

Changes in the present challenge us to reinterpret the past, but historians have not yet come to grips with the convergence of computing, media, and communications technology. Today these things are inextricably intertwined, in technologies such as the smartphone and internet, in convergent industries, and in social practices. Yet they remain three distinct historical subfields, tilled by different groups of scholars using different tools. We often call this conglomeration “the digital,” recognizing its deep connection to the technology of digital computing. Unfortunately, interdisciplinary studies of digital practices, digital methods, or digital humanities have rarely been informed by deep engagement with the history of computing.Contributors to this volume have come together to reexamine an apparently familiar era in the history of computing through new lenses, exploring early digital computing and engineering practice as digital phenomena rather than as engines of mathematics and logic. Most focus on the period 1945 to 1960, the era in which the first electronic digital computers were created and the computer industry began to develop. Because digitality is first and foremost a way of reading objects and encoding information within them, we are foregrounding topics that have until now been viewed as peripheral in the history of computing: betting odds calculators, card file systems, program and data storage, programmable calculators, and digital circuit design practices. Reconceptualizing the “history of computing” as study of the “early digital” decenters the stored program computer, repositioning it as one of many digital technologies.

Women in IT in the New Social Era: A Critical Evidence-Based Review of Gender Inequality and the Potential for Change

Women in IT in the New Social Era: A Critical Evidence-Based Review of Gender Inequality and the Potential for Change Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bernhardt, Sonja
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466658614
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Women in IT in the New Social Era: A Critical Evidence-Based Review of Gender Inequality and the Potential for Change by Bernhardt, Sonja Summary

Research and statistics support the view that current programs are failing to keep women in the ICT field. Currently, there exist very few solutions to this growing problem. Women in IT in the New Social Era: A Critical Evidence-Based Review of Gender Inequality and the Potential for Change aims to bring this topic to the forefront of discussion about what can be done to correct this lopsided gender distribution. This reference work will be an essential guide for government professionals, students, and researchers in the ICT field looking to develop a solution to equalize the retention rate of women in these related fields.

Gender, Communication, and the Leadership Gap

Gender, Communication, and the Leadership Gap Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carolyn M. Cunningham,Heather M. Crandall,Alexa M. Dare
Editor: IAP
ISBN: 1681239965
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Gender, Communication, and the Leadership Gap by Carolyn M. Cunningham,Heather M. Crandall,Alexa M. Dare Summary

Gender, Communication, and the Leadership Gap is the sixth volume in the Women and Leadership: Research, Theory, and Practice series. This cross-disciplinary series, from the International Leadership Association, enhances leadership knowledge and improves leadership development of women around the world. The purpose of this volume is to highlight connections between the fields of communication and leadership to help address the problem of underrepresentation of women in leadership. Readers will profit from the accessible writing style as they encounter cutting-edge scholarship on gender and leadership. Chapters of note cover microaggressions, authentic leadership, courageous leadership, inclusive leadership, implicit bias, career barriers and levers, impression management, and the visual rhetoric of famous women leaders. Because women in leadership positions occupy a contested landscape, one goal of this collection is to clarify the contradictory communication dynamics that occur in everyday interactions, in national and international contexts, and when leadership is digital. Another goal is to illuminate the complexities of leadership identity, intersectionality, and perceptions that become obstacles on the path to leadership. The renowned thinkers and scholars in this volume hail from both Leadership and Communication disciplines. The book begins with Sally Helgesen and Brenda J. Allen. Helgesen, co-author of The Female Vision: Women’s Real Power at Work, discusses the two-fold challenge women face as they struggle to articulate their visions. Her chapter offers six practices women can use to relieve this struggle. Allen, author of the groundbreaking book, Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity, discusses the implications of how inclusive leadership matters to women and what it means to think about women as people who embody both dominant and non-dominant social identity categories. She then offers practical communication strategies and an intersectional ethic to the six signature traits of highly inclusive leaders. Each chapter includes practical solutions from a communication and leadership perspective that all readers can employ to advance the work of equality. Some solutions will be of use in organizational contexts, such as leadership development and training initiatives, or tools to change organizational culture. Some solutions will be of use to individuals, such as how to identify and respond productively to micro-aggressions or how to be cautious rather than optimistic about practicing authentic leadership. The writing in this volume also reflects a range of styles, from in-depth scholarship that produces new knowledge to shorter forums that feature interesting ideas worth considering.

Participation in Computing

Participation in Computing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Aspray
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319248324
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Participation in Computing by William Aspray Summary

This book provides a history of the efforts of the US National Science Foundation to broaden participation in computing. The book briefly discusses the early history of the NSF's involvement with education and workforce issues. It then turns to two programs outside the computing directorate (the ADVANCE program and the Program on Women and Girls) that set the stage for three programs in the NSF computing directorate on broadening participation: the IT Workforce Program, the Broadening Participation in Computing program, and the Computing Education for the 21st Century program. The work looks at NSF-funded research and NSF-funded interventions both to increase the number of women, underrepresented minorities (African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians) and people with disabilities, and to increase the number of public schools offering rigorous instruction in computing. Other organizations such as the ACM, the Computer Science Teachers Association, and Code.org are also covered. The years covered are primarily 1980 to the present.

Digital Culture & Society (DCS)

Digital Culture & Society (DCS) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pablo Abend,Annika Richterich,Mathias Fuchs,Ramón Reichert,Karin Wenz
Editor: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839444780
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Digital Culture & Society (DCS) by Pablo Abend,Annika Richterich,Mathias Fuchs,Ramón Reichert,Karin Wenz Summary

Digital Culture & Society is a refereed, international journal, fostering discussion about the ways in which digital technologies, platforms and applications reconfigure daily lives and practices. It offers a forum for inquiries into digital media theory, methodologies, and socio-technological developments. This issue presents empirical studies as well as theoretical and methodological reflections on inequalities and divides in digital cultures. From various (inter-)disciplinary perspectives, the authors examine three main themes - inequality of access, inequality by design and discursive divides, and inequality by algorithms - while suggesting ways for research to move beyond these.

The Problem with Software

The Problem with Software Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Adam Barr
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262348217
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The Problem with Software by Adam Barr Summary

An industry insider explains why there is so much bad software—and why academia doesn't teach programmers what industry wants them to know. Why is software so prone to bugs? So vulnerable to viruses? Why are software products so often delayed, or even canceled? Is software development really hard, or are software developers just not that good at it? In The Problem with Software, Adam Barr examines the proliferation of bad software, explains what causes it, and offers some suggestions on how to improve the situation. For one thing, Barr points out, academia doesn't teach programmers what they actually need to know to do their jobs: how to work in a team to create code that works reliably and can be maintained by somebody other than the original authors. As the size and complexity of commercial software have grown, the gap between academic computer science and industry has widened. It's an open secret that there is little engineering in software engineering, which continues to rely not on codified scientific knowledge but on intuition and experience. Barr, who worked as a programmer for more than twenty years, describes how the industry has evolved, from the era of mainframes and Fortran to today's embrace of the cloud. He explains bugs and why software has so many of them, and why today's interconnected computers offer fertile ground for viruses and worms. The difference between good and bad software can be a single line of code, and Barr includes code to illustrate the consequences of seemingly inconsequential choices by programmers. Looking to the future, Barr writes that the best prospect for improving software engineering is the move to the cloud. When software is a service and not a product, companies will have more incentive to make it good rather than “good enough to ship."

How to create a Game

How to create a Game Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M Ramadhan
Editor: M Ramadhan
ISBN:
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How to create a Game by M Ramadhan Summary

Video game development is the process of developing a video game. The effort is undertaken by a developer, ranging from a single person to an international team dispersed across the globe. Development of traditional commercial PC and console games is normally funded by a publisher, and can take several years to reach completion. Indie games usually take less time and money and can be produced by individuals and smaller developers. The independent game industry has been on the rise, facilitated by the growth of accessible game development software such as Unity platform and Unreal Engine[1] and new online distribution systems such as Steam and Uplay, as well as the mobile game market for Android and iOS devices. The first video games, developed in the 1960s, were not usually commercialised. They required mainframe computers to run and were not available to the general public. Commercial game development began in the '70s with the advent of first-generation video game consoles and early home computers like the Apple I. At that time, owing to low costs and low capabilities of computers, a lone programmer could develop a full and complete game. However, in the late '80s and '90s, ever-increasing computer processing power and heightened expectations from gamers made it difficult for a single person to produce a mainstream console or PC game. The average cost of producing a triple-A video game slowly rose, from US$1–4 million in 2000, to over $5 million in 2006, then to over $20 million by 2010[citation needed]. Mainstream commercial PC and console games are generally developed in phases: first, in pre-production, pitches, prototypes, and game design documents are written; if the idea is approved and the developer receives funding, then full-scale development begins. The development of a complete game usually involves a team of 20–100 individuals with various responsibilities, including designers, artists, programmers, and testers.

Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student

Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Krauss,Kiki Prottsman
Editor: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1506341292
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Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student by Jane Krauss,Kiki Prottsman Summary

Empower tomorrow’s tech innovators Our students are avid users and consumers of technology. Isn’t it time that they see themselves as the next technological innovators, too? Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student is the beginner’s guide for K-12 educators who want to learn to integrate the basics of computer science into their curriculum. Readers will find Strategies and activities for teaching computational thinking and coding inside and outside of school, at any grade level, across disciplines Instruction-ready lessons for every grade A discussion guide and companion website with videos, activities, and other resources

The E-portfolio Paradigm

The E-portfolio Paradigm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicole Buzzetto-More
Editor: Informing Science
ISBN: 1932886257
FileSize: 1864kb
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The E-portfolio Paradigm by Nicole Buzzetto-More Summary

Moving Students of Color from Consumers to Producers of Technology

Moving Students of Color from Consumers to Producers of Technology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rankin, Yolanda,Thomas, Jakita
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522520066
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Moving Students of Color from Consumers to Producers of Technology by Rankin, Yolanda,Thomas, Jakita Summary

In recent years, diversity in learning environments has become a pivotal topic of conversation for educators. By enhancing underrepresented students’ computational thinking skills, it creates more room for future career opportunities. Moving Students of Color from Consumers to Producers of Technology is a comprehensive reference source that provides innovative perspectives on the need for diversity in computer science and engineering disciplines and examines best practices to build upon students’ knowledge bases. Featuring coverage on an expansive number of topics and perspectives, such as, computational algorithmic thinking, STEM diversity, and distributed mentorship, this publication is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, and students interested in efforts to broaden participation in computer science careers fields for underrepresented students.

Stuck in the Shallow End

Stuck in the Shallow End Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Margolis
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262260964
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Stuck in the Shallow End by Jane Margolis Summary

An investigation into why so few African American and Latino high school students are studying computer science reveals the dynamics of inequality in American schools. The number of African Americans and Latino/as receiving undergraduate and advanced degrees in computer science is disproportionately low, according to recent surveys. And relatively few African American and Latino/a high school students receive the kind of institutional encouragement, educational opportunities, and preparation needed for them to choose computer science as a field of study and profession. In Stuck in the Shallow End, Jane Margolis looks at the daily experiences of students and teachers in three Los Angeles public high schools: an overcrowded urban high school, a math and science magnet school, and a well-funded school in an affluent neighborhood. She finds an insidious “virtual segregation” that maintains inequality. Two of the three schools studied offer only low-level, how-to (keyboarding, cutting and pasting) introductory computing classes. The third and wealthiest school offers advanced courses, but very few students of color enroll in them. The race gap in computer science, Margolis finds, is one example of the way students of color are denied a wide range of occupational and educational futures. Margolis traces the interplay of school structures (such factors as course offerings and student-to-counselor ratios) and belief systems—including teachers' assumptions about their students and students' assumptions about themselves. Stuck in the Shallow End is a story of how inequality is reproduced in America—and how students and teachers, given the necessary tools, can change the system.

Navigating Academia: A Guide for Women and Minority STEM Faculty

Navigating Academia: A Guide for Women and Minority STEM Faculty Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pauline Mosley,S. Keith Hargrove
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128019956
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Navigating Academia: A Guide for Women and Minority STEM Faculty by Pauline Mosley,S. Keith Hargrove Summary

Navigating Academia: A Guide for Women and Minority STEM Faculty explores the infrastructure of the academy and provides a systematic account of where and why women and minorities fall behind men in the preparation for and development of their academic careers. This book offers useful strategies for recruiting, retaining, and advancing women and minorities. Chapters include testimonials from faculty and administrators about how they made their ascent within the academy. Navigating Academia: A Guide for Women and Minority STEM Faculty also discusses how to modify and expand faculty recruiting programs, how to diversify search committees, how to encourage intervention by deans, and how to assess past hiring efforts. This guide is an important resource for women and minorities seeking success in the academy as well as for administrators focused on faculty and professional development. Outlines barriers and challenges that this population is confronted with and provides several solutions and approaches for combating these issues. Includes insightful testimonials from contributors at various stages in their academic careers. Identifies critical success paths of a Professional Support Network (PSN) and pinpoints what components of the PSN are needed and how to acquire them.

Handbook of Research on Using Educational Robotics to Facilitate Student Learning

Handbook of Research on Using Educational Robotics to Facilitate Student Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Papadakis, Stamatios,Kalogiannakis, Michail
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799867196
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Handbook of Research on Using Educational Robotics to Facilitate Student Learning by Papadakis, Stamatios,Kalogiannakis, Michail Summary

Over the last few years, increasing attention has been focused on the development of children’s acquisition of 21st-century skills and digital competences. Consequently, many education scholars have argued that teaching technology to young children is vital in keeping up with 21st-century employment patterns. Technologies, such as those that involve robotics or coding apps, come at a time when the demand for computing jobs around the globe is at an all-time high while its supply is at an all-time low. There is no doubt that coding with robotics is a wonderful tool for learners of all ages as it provides a catalyst to introduce them to computational thinking, algorithmic thinking, and project management. Additionally, recent studies argue that the use of a developmentally appropriate robotics curriculum can help to change negative stereotypes and ideas children may initially have about technology and engineering. The Handbook of Research on Using Educational Robotics to Facilitate Student Learning is an edited book that advocates for a new approach to computational thinking and computing education with the use of educational robotics and coding apps. The book argues that while learning about computing, young people should also have opportunities to create with computing, which have a direct impact on their lives and their communities. It develops two key dimensions for understanding and developing educational experiences that support students in engaging in computational action: (1) computational identity, which shows the importance of young people’s development of scientific identity for future STEM growth; and (2) digital empowerment to instill the belief that they can put their computational identity into action in authentic and meaningful ways. Covering subthemes including student competency and assessment, programming education, and teacher and mentor development, this book is ideal for teachers, instructional designers, educational technology developers, school administrators, academicians, researchers, and students.

Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education

Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Science Education,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309677734
FileSize: 1577kb
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Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Science Education,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics Summary

Established in December 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education was charged with identifying the challenges of and highlighting best practices in postsecondary data science education. Convening quarterly for 3 years, representatives from academia, industry, and government gathered with other experts from across the nation to discuss various topics under this charge. The meetings centered on four central themes: foundations of data science; data science across the postsecondary curriculum; data science across society; and ethics and data science. This publication highlights the presentations and discussions of each meeting.

Implementation Strategies for Improving Diversity in Organizations

Implementation Strategies for Improving Diversity in Organizations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hughes, Claretha
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799847462
FileSize: 1664kb
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Implementation Strategies for Improving Diversity in Organizations by Hughes, Claretha Summary

Awareness and inclusion are not enough to create effective change in organizations and society. Instead, organizations must implement strategies to ensure that they not only improve diversity, but also place their employees on career development plans that provide the best fit between individual and organizational needs as well as personal characteristics and career roles. Implementation Strategies for Improving Diversity in Organizations is a pivotal reference source that provides crucial research on the application of stratagems designed to increase organizational change, chiefly to integrate diverse individuals, including physically disabled individuals, women, and people of color, into the workforce. The book also looks at discriminatory practices involving the physical appearance of workers. While highlighting topics such as career development, lookism, and ethnic discrimination, this publication explores new, innovative ideas influencing the paradigm shift for the modern workforce as well as the methods of career development. This book is ideally designed for managers, executives, human resources professionals, researchers, business practitioners, academicians, and students.